University of Arkansas | Wikipedia audio article

October 4, 2019

The University of Arkansas (U of A, UArk,
or UA) is a public land-grant, research university in Fayetteville, Arkansas. It is the flagship
campus of the University of Arkansas System and the largest, best-known university in
the state. Founded as Arkansas Industrial University in 1871, its present name was adopted
in 1899 and classes were first held on January 22, 1872. It is noted for its strong architecture,
agriculture (particularly animal science and poultry science), business, communication
disorders, creative writing, history, law, and Middle Eastern studies programs.Enrollment
for the fall semester of 2018 was 27,778. The university campus consists of 378 buildings
spread across 512 acres (2.07 km2) of land in Fayetteville, Arkansas. Some well known
architecture on campus includes Old Main, the first permanent academic building erected.
Academic programs are in excess of 200. The ratio of students to faculty is approximately
19:1. The university also received a combined total of $103.2 million in research awards
for the 2017 fiscal year.UA’s athletic teams, the Arkansas Razorbacks, compete in NCAA Division
I as members of the Southeastern Conference (SEC) with eight men’s teams and eleven women’s
teams in thirteen sports. The University is known for its traditions, including Calling
the Hogs at sports events, and Senior Walk, more than 4 miles (6.4 km) of campus sidewalk
etched with the names of all UA graduates since 1871. The University of Arkansas has
a strong Greek life tradition, including the founding chapter of the Chi Omega sorority,
and the largest fraternity chapter in North America, Kappa Sigma.==History==The University of Arkansas was founded in
1871 on the site of a hilltop farm that overlooked the Ozark Mountains, giving it the nickname
“The Hill”.The university was established under the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act
of 1862. The university’s founding also satisfied the provision in the Arkansas Constitution
of 1868 that the General Assembly was to “establish and maintain a State University.”Bids from
state towns and counties determined the university’s location. The citizens of Fayetteville and
Washington County. pledged $130,000 toward securing the university, a sum that proved
to be more than other offers. This was in response to the competition created by the
Arkansas General Assembly’s Organic Act of 1871, providing for the “location, organization
and maintenance of the Arkansas Industrial University with a normal department [i.e.,
teacher education] therein.” Classes started on January 22, 1872.
Completed in 1875, Old Main, a two-towered brick building designed in the Second Empire
style, was the primary instructional and administrative building. It is listed on the National Register
of Historic Places. Its design was based on the plans for the main academic building at
the University of Illinois, which has since been demolished. However, the clock and bell
towers were switched at Arkansas. The northern taller tower is the bell tower, and the southern
shorter tower is the clock tower. One legend for the tower switch is that the taller tower
was put to the north as a reminder of the Union victory during the Civil War. A second
legend is that the contractor accidentally swapped the tower drawings after having had
too much to drink. Although the southern tower was designed with clock faces, it did not
hold a working clock until October 2005. The bell tower has always had some type of chime,
initially a bell that was rung on the hour by student volunteers. Electronic chimes were
installed in 1959. In addition to the regular chimes of the clock,
the university’s Alma Mater plays at 5 pm every day. Old Main housed many of the earliest
classes at the university, and has served as the offices of every college within the
university during its history. Today, in addition to hosting classes, it contains the restored
Giffels Auditorium and historic displays, as well as the administrative offices of the
J. William Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences.The lawn at Old Main serves as an arboretum, with
many of the trees native to the state of Arkansas found on the lawn. Sitting at the edge of
the lawn is Spoofer’s Stone, a place for couples to meet and pass notes. Students play soccer,
cricket and touch football on the lawn’s open green.Beginning with the class of 1876, the
names of students at University of Arkansas are inscribed in “Senior Walk” and wind across
campus for more than four miles. The sidewalk is one of a kind nationally. More recently,
the names of all the recipients of honorary degrees were also added, including such notables
as J. Edgar Hoover, Queen Noor, President Bill Clinton, and former Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton.One of the more unusual structures at Arkansas is the Chi Omega Greek Theatre,
a gift to the school by the sorority’s national headquarters. It marked the first time in
the history of Greek letter social organizations that a national sorority had presented a memorial
of its foundation to the institution where it was founded. Chi Omega was organized on
April 5, 1895, at the University of Arkansas and is the mother (Psi) chapter of the national
organization. The theater has been used for commencements, convocations, concerts, dramas
and pep rallies. The largest crowd ever assembled there – upwards of 6,000, according to professor
Walter J. Lemke – was for a concert by the Army Air Corps Band during World War II. From
1934 to 1991, the space under the stage was used for a rifle range by the Army ROTC.The
University of Arkansas became the first major Southern public university to admit an African-American
student without litigation when Silas Herbert Hunt of Texarkana, an African American veteran
of World War II, was admitted to the university’s School of Law in 1948. Roy Wilkins, administrator
of the NAACP, wrote in 1950 that Arkansas was the “very first of the Southern states
to accept the new trend without fighting a delaying action or attempting to… limit,
if not nullify, bare compliance.” Today the School of Law continues to receive national
awards and recognition for its high degree of diversity.Vitamin E was co-discovered by
UA Agricultural Chemistry Professor Barnett Sure (1920–51). Sure, along with fellow
professor Marinus C. Kik (1927–67) made major advances in nutrition science during
their long tenures at the University of Arkansas. Sure co-discovered vitamin E, and extended
knowledge of how vitamin E, amino acids and B-vitamins function on reproduction and lactation.
Kik developed the process for parboiling rice (a major agricultural crop in the state) to
increase retention of vitamins and shorten cooking time. He documented benefits of adding
fish and chicken to rice and grain diets to provide adequate protein for a growing world
population. Sure and Kik were Agricultural Experiment Station scientists and professors
in the UA Department of Agricultural Chemistry, which merged in 1964 with Home Economics,
now the School of Human Environmental Sciences.In the 1920s, Loy Barton, an engineering graduate
student at the University of Arkansas, set forth the principle of high-level Class B
plate modulation for radio transmission and developed the technology that allowed small-
and medium-size AM radio stations to flourish across the United States. Barnett later joined
RCA and continued research on broadcast technology into the 1960s.The most widely implemented
automated mail sorting equipment in the world–the Wide Area Bar Code Reader–was developed
by the University of Arkansas College of Engineering. A $50,000 grant from the United States Postal
Service (USPS) to Professors Dwight F. Mix and J.E. Bass in 1989 began the research and
development effort. By 1999, more than 15,000 University of Arkansas bar code readers were
located in every major USPS facility, increasing the efficiency of processing 20 billion pieces
of mail a year at a savings of $200 million. This R&D effort has spawned four additional
electronic systems to help the USPS “read the mail.”During the 1980s, Professors Allen
Hermann and Zhengzhi Sheng of the Department of Physics were in the vanguard of research
in superconductivity: the phenomenon whereby Direct Current (DC) electricity, once started,
can flow essentially forever. The Thallium-based material they discovered at Arkansas held
the world’s record for high temperature, 125K, for five years (1988–93) and drew international
attention to the university. Their work led to numerous patents and a manufacturing agreement,
as well as further advances in high-density electronics.University of Arkansas plant pathologists
George Templeton, Roy Smith (USDA), David TeBeest and graduate student Jim Daniels conducted
research in the early 1970s that led to COLLEGO, the first biological herbicide for weed control
in a field crop. Other UA scientists and students worked on the project that resulted in EPA
registration of COLLEGO by Upjohn in 1982 for control of northern jointvetch in rice
and soybeans. The work provided a model used worldwide to develop biological herbicides.
Leadership in this area helped the U of A obtain grants from the USDA and others for
construction of the Rosen Center for Alternative Pest Control.Tuition did not rise for the
2009–10 academic year at the University of Arkansas, thanks in part to a $1 million
donation from the Athletics Department. The average tuition nationally rose 6.6%. On April
16, 2010, the University of Arkansas Board of Trustees announced system-wide tuition
increases of 3%–6.9% to combat decreases in state funding and increased enrollments.
The University of Arkansas flagship campus experienced a 4.8% increase in tuition and
fees for the 2010–11 academic year.==Academics and rankings==
The University of Arkansas offers more than 200 programs of study leading to bachelors,
masters, doctoral, and law degrees. Academic programs are organized into numerous departments
and schools based out of the ten primary colleges on the main campus.The university and several
of its programs have been recognized on the national level. In recent years, the University
of Arkansas has been recognized as a “Top-Tier National University”, one of the “Best 371
Colleges”, a “Top Southeastern College”, and one of the “100 Best Public College Values”.
In addition to the university’s recognitions, several colleges have received special distinctions.
The Sam M. Walton College of Business is ranked as the 34th top public business school in
the nation, and is ranked 59th amongst all public and private schools. It has also been
recognized for its 24th ranked public Marketing program, 17th ranked public Corporate Strategy
program, 15th ranked Accounting program in its division, 19th ranked public Supply Chain
Management program, and 39th ranked public Masters in Business Administration program.
The Fay Jones School of Architecture has been ranked as the 30th top undergraduate architecture
program, and ranked with “notable distinction” into the list of America’s World Class Schools
of Architecture. The University of Arkansas School of Law has been ranked as a top 150
“Best Law School”. The Creative Writing program in the J. William Fulbright College of Arts
and Sciences has been ranked as the 18th best program in the nation.==Campuses and academic divisions==
The following degree-granting academic divisions are located on the Fayetteville campus:===Other divisions===
The Honors College and Global Campus do not award degrees but provide degree programs
with honors coursework and distance education opportunities, respectively, for the Fayetteville
campus:===System facilities===Altogether there are thirteen branches and
six other units in the University of Arkansas System, including the University of Arkansas
for Medical Sciences in Little Rock; four-year campuses in Fayetteville, Fort Smith, Little
Rock, Monticello, and Pine Bluff; and two-year community or technical college campuses in
Batesville, De Queen, Helena-West Helena, Hope, Mena, North Little Rock, and Morrilton.
Units also under the UA System include the Clinton School of Public Service, the Criminal
Justice Institute, the Arkansas Archeological Survey, the Division of Agriculture, the Winthrop
Rockefeller Institute, and the Arkansas School for Mathematics, Sciences, and the Arts.
The University of Arkansas was the home for the Southeastern Conference Academic Consortium,
SECAC, where the 14 member schools of the Southeastern Conference pool resources to
assist each other academically (the Consortium later relocated to Birmingham, Alabama, where
the SEC has its headquarters).==Campus==The University of Arkansas campus sweeps across
hilltops on the western side of Fayetteville, Arkansas. Among the 378 buildings on the campus,
11 buildings have been added to the National Register of Historic Places individually,
with most buildings in the historic core being named as contributing properties to the University
of Arkansas Campus Historic District.Construction began on Old Main in 1873 and was completed
by 1875 in the Second Empire architectural style. Built with local brick and sandstone,
Old Main serves as the university’s signature building. The building has remained on campus
despite its recommended removal in the 1925 master plan from the architects of Jamieson
and Spearl. This plan included destruction of all existing campus buildings and reconstruction
in the Collegiate Gothic style. Several buildings were built in this style near the core of
campus, including the Vol Walker Hall, Engineering Hall, Chemistry Building, Agriculture Building,
and Home Economics Building. The plan ran out of funds and was never completed, leading
to a somewhat haphazard arrangement of buildings after the 1930s.
The university’s oldest tradition is Senior Walk, which contains the names of graduates
from each class of the university. Beginning at the front steps of Old Main and running
along the sidewalks across campus, Senior Walk is adorned with more than 170,000 names
of former students. This tradition is unique to American universities.
The Fine Arts Center was designed by Fayetteville native Edward Durell Stone, who also designed
Radio City Music Hall and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City and the John F. Kennedy
Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C. The buildings are indicative of Stone’s
idiosyncratic modern style which included patterns of ornament. Stone also designed
a fraternity house, now used for academic purposes, and an apartment complex named Carlson
Terrace on campus, which has since been demolished. The east end of the University of Arkansas
campus is adjacent to Dickson Street, which is one of the premier entertainment districts
in the state. To the south of the university is Fayetteville High School, which contains
nationally recognized academic and athletics programs.The buildings listed individually
or as contributing properties to the University of Arkansas Campus Historic District on the
United States National Register of Historic Places for their architectural or historic
significance are:===Sustainability===
One of the university’s stated goals is “promote environmental sustainability”, a goal being
aggressively pursued through several construction improvement projects on campus in recent years.
In 2008, Arkansas adopted a climate action plan, including the goals of reducing greenhouse
gas emissions by 50% by 2020 and to become carbon-neutral by 2040. In 2008, the university
signed a $22.9 million contract with Energy Systems Group to make energy improvements
to 56 buildings, a program named “Razor’s EDGE.” The program was designed with a payback
period of 13 years based upon projected electricity and water savings. The university also completed
a study to install a cogeneration unit, which utilizes the heat given off by the natural
gas power unit to heat the steam that is piped into campus buildings for climate control.
This model replaces the current model (“business as usual” alternative), which uses a utility
power plant that exhausts heat to the atmosphere and a separate boiler plant to generate the
steam, while also increasing efficiency of both processes.==Athletics==The mascot for the University of Arkansas
is the Razorback, a type of wild boar, and Arkansas teams are often referred to as the
Hogs (shortened version of Razorbacks). The school competes in the Southeastern Conference
(SEC) in Division I of the NCAA. No school in the SEC has won more total national championships
than Arkansas; and only 4 schools nationwide (UCLA, Southern California, Stanford, and
Oklahoma State) have won more national titles than the Razorbacks.From 1971 through 2007,
Arkansas had completely separate men’s and women’s athletic departments. On January 1,
2008, the two departments merged, leaving fellow SEC school Tennessee as the only remaining
NCAA Division I school with separate men’s and women’s athletic programs.===Football===A football team began representing the University
of Arkansas in 1894 and has since become one of the nation’s top 25 programs in terms of
all-time wins at the Football Bowl Subdivision level. The program was a charter member of
the Southwest Conference (SWC) in 1915 and remained in that conference until departing
for the Southeastern Conference in 1991, where Arkansas has remained. From 1915 to 1991,
the Razorbacks won the SWC championship thirteen times and the 1964 National Championship,
with great success coming under coaches Frank Broyles, Lou Holtz and Ken Hatfield. Today,
the team plays its home games on campus at Donald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium, or at
War Memorial Stadium, located in Little Rock, making the University of Arkansas the only
Division I program with two home stadia. Arkansas has also had recent success in the Bowl Championship
Series (BCS) era, obtaining its first BCS berth in the 2011 Sugar Bowl and climbing
as high as #3 in the BCS rankings in 2011 under Bobby Petrino. The team is currently
coached by Chad Morris.===Men’s basketball===The head coach of the men’s basketball team
is Eric Musselman, who was previously the head coach at the University of Nevada. The
Razorbacks play their home games in Bud Walton Arena on the University of Arkansas campus,
one of the largest home arenas in college basketball. The team won the 1994 National
Championship under coach Nolan Richardson, and has been to six Final Fours (1941, 1945,
1978, 1990, 1994, 1995). Arkansas basketball was the winningest program in the Southwest
Conference, winning the conference 22 times, the most of any of the SWC schools. This conference
dominance led the Hogs to be named the eighth-best program in history by Street and Smith’s magazine.===Baseball===The Arkansas baseball team has had success
both in the Southwest Conference, and in the Southeastern Conference. Between 1979 and
1989, the Diamond Hogs appeared in the College World Series four times, including a runner-up
finish in 1979. Since joining the SEC, former Razorbacks player Dave van Horn has coached
the team to the 2004, 2009, 2012, and 2015 College World Series. The team plays home
games in Baum Stadium, recognized in 1998 by Baseball America magazine as being one
of the top collegiate ballparks in America, and was #3 in 2009 according to
The stadium has recently undergone expansion, including 20 new skyboxes (34 in all) and
seats behind the bullpen in left field, and further expansion to enclose the park with
seating has been included in the Athletic Facilities Master Plan. On April 7, 2009,
a stadium record 11,044 fans saw a 7–3 Razorbacks victory over the #1 Arizona State Sun Devils.
A weekend series with LSU in 2007 drew 29,931, which is the SEC all-time attendance record
for a three-game series.===Track and field===
Men’s Track and Field: The most successful program in NCAA history, the Arkansas men’s
track and field and cross country teams, led by head coach Chris Bucknam, sprints coach
Doug Case and field coach Travis Geophert, are the most decorated teams in the athletics
department. The program has won a total of 41 national titles (19 Indoor Championships,
11 Outdoor Championships, and 11 Cross Country Championships), the last being the 2013 Indoor
Track and Field National Championship (the 2004 and 2005 Outdoor Championships were later
vacated due to NCAA infractions). One of its most famous stars is graduate Alistair Cragg
who competed for Ireland at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Greece. Other Olympians have included
Michael Conley, Daniel Lincoln, Graham Hood, Wallace Spearmon and Matt Hemingway. The team
has a home indoor track at the Randal Tyson Track Center and outdoor field at John McDonnell
Field, which hosted the 2009 NCAA Outdoor Track Championships. Current head coach Chris
Bucknam, assistant coaches Doug Case and Travis Geopfert have continued to embrace the legacy,
winning the 2009, 2010, and 2012 SEC Indoor Track Championships, along with the 2009 and
2011 SEC Outdoor Championships and the 2010, 2011 and 2012 SEC Cross Country Championships.
The men’s track and field team won the triple crown in 2012.
Women’s Track and Field: The women’s track and field team won its first national championship
at the 2015 NCAA Indoor Championships, held in Fayetteville. Coached by Lance Harter,
team members took first place in pole vault, the 3000-meter run and the distance-medley
relay. Top competitors include Olympians Veronica Campbell-Brown and Deena Kastor, who set the
American marathon record at the 2006 London Marathon.===Women’s athletics===The women teams at the University of Arkansas
are also referred to as Razorbacks. There are 11 varsity women sports: basketball, cross
country, indoor and outdoor track, golf, gymnastics, soccer, softball, swimming & diving, tennis,
and volleyball. Among the most successful women teams are volleyball with 11 SEC Western
Division titles; cross country with more SEC championships than any member institution;
basketball with 12 postseason appearances in 30 years, including the 1998 NCAA Final
Four; track & field with six SEC titles and the first back-to-back women’s SEC triple
crowns; and gymnastics, nationally ranked since the start of the program in 2002 with
five NCAA Women’s Gymnastics Championship appearances. Sprinter Veronica Campbell was
the first Razorback woman to win a gold medal in the Olympics, with marathoner Deena Kastor,
an alumna, bringing home a bronze medal in 2004.==Traditions=====
Senior walk===The names of University of Arkansas students,
starting with the first senior class of 1876, are carved into one of the concrete walkways
or sidewalks on campus. This tradition was started by the 1905 graduating class of students,
who drew their names into the walkway in front of Old Main, the oldest building on campus.
Following classes added their names for more than a decade and then the university took
over responsibility for adding new classes, as well as adding the names of students who
graduated prior to 1905. Through most of the 20th century, the names were impressed in
wet cement using brass letters. As the campus grew, and the graduating classes got bigger,
the operation became unduly time-consuming. In 1986, the university’s physical plant developed
a special machine called the “Senior Sand Hog” to engrave the thousands of names required
each year.===”Calling the Hogs”===Fans of the University of Arkansas have been
“Calling the Hogs” since the 1920s. This tradition, which refers to the school’s most popular
cheer at sporting events, is said to have begun when a group of farmers attending a
game began issuing hog calls to encourage a lagging Razorback football team. The encouragement
worked and the attending crowd took notice of the farmers’ calling. By the next game,
a group of men had organized to cry “Wooo, Pig, Sooie”. The call has since become the
school’s best-known cheer.===Alma mater===
The current version of the University of Arkansas Alma Mater was written in 1909 by Brodie Payne,
an alumnus of the University of Arkansas. He submitted his song to an ongoing competition
that was trying to find a song for the university and won first prize. Henry D. Tovey, who was
the director of the Glee Club at that time, set the song to music. In 1931, the University
College Song Association in New York reviewed a collection of 500 college tunes, and the
University of Arkansas Alma Mater was judged to be one of the twenty-five best college
songs of the United States. It is a student custom to point towards Old
Main at the end of the verse when the words “we sing unto you” are sung.===Fight song===The words of the current version of the University
of Arkansas Fight Song were written by Edwin Douglass while he was still a student as late
as 1913. Music was added in 1918 and the fight song was adopted by the University of Arkansas
in 1932. The fight song is usually played at all home Razorback sporting events.===School colors and mascot===
The school color of cardinal red (Pantone #201) was chosen as the official school color
by a vote of the student body in 1895. The two color choices were cardinal and heliotrope.
White was added as a complementary color at a later date. The University of Arkansas mascot has not
always been the Razorbacks. From 1894, when the football program began, until 1910, the
official mascot was the Cardinals to complement the school color of cardinal red. In 1909,
according to school lore, the head football coach Hugo Bezdek gave a speech to a large
group of students at the Fayetteville train station after returning from a victory over
LSU in 1909 during an undefeated season. Coach Bezdek informed the crowd that his team had
performed “like a wild band of Razorback hogs.” Although students had begun referring to the
team as the Razorbacks as early as 1907, Bezdek’s statement popularized the use of Razorback
for the team. The Razorback, which is characterized by a ridged back and tenacious wild fighting
ability, had long been associated with the backwoods of Arkansas. The students loved
the comparison, and the nickname became increasingly popular. In 1910, the student body voted to
change the official university mascot from the Cardinal to the Razorback.
Live hogs were occasionally brought to football games as early as the 1920s, but providing
a permanent live mascot dates back to the 1960s and a number of hogs have represented
Arkansas since then. Tusk, a 380-pound Russian boar that closely resembles a wild razorback
hog, is the current official live mascot. He resides on a local farm and leaves his
home to attend all Arkansas home football games, and other select events.
Additionally, the University of Arkansas has a family of uniformed mascots. “Big Red”,
(also known as the “Fighting Razorback”), is the traditional mascot for the university
and attends all athletic events. “Sue E” is the female hog and “Pork Chop” is the kid
mascot. “Boss Hog” is a nine-foot inflatable mascot that joined the mascot family during
the 1998–99 football season.===Razorback Marching Band===The Razorback Marching Band, one of the oldest
collegiate bands in the United States, was formed in 1874 as the Cadet Corps Band as
part of the military art department. The band participated in all the formalities of the
Military Art Department, as well as playing for football games, pageants, and commencement
exercises. In 1947, following a steady post World War II growth, the Cadet Corp Band was
divided into the three current bands, a football band, a concert band, and an R.O.T.C. band.
In 1956, the band adopted the name “Marching Razorbacks.” In 2006, the 340-member Razorback
marching band was awarded the highest honor bestowed upon a collegiate marching band,
the Sudler Trophy. Most recently, the Razorback Marching Band performed at the 2011 Allstate
Sugar Bowl and the 2012 AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic.===Schola Cantorum===The University of Arkansas Schola Cantorum
was created in 1957 by founding director Richard Brothers. Since then, Schola Cantorum has
proudly represented the University of Arkansas across the country and on various international
concert tours. In 1962, Schola Cantorum was the first choir to win The Guido d’Arezzo
Award—at the prestigious International Polyphonic Competition in Arezzo, Italy. In honor of
its achievement, Schola Cantorum soon after appeared on NBC TV’s “Today Show” and performed
for U.S. President John F. Kennedy in the White House Rose Garden. At every graduation
ceremony, Schola Cantorum sings the National Anthem, the alma mater, and an invocation.
Currently under the direction of Dr. Stephen Caldwell, the choir continues to attract the
best singers in the country and performs varied repertoire during several concerts throughout
the year.==Clubs and organizations==
There are over 350 registered student organizations on campus including special interest, religious,
international and cultural organizations, honorary and professional service groups,
and more. The most recognized student organization on
campus is the Associated Student Government, sometimes simply called “ASG.” The student
government is active in managing student fees, meeting with key university administrators
and is actively involved in many important decisions made on the University of Arkansas
Campus. Perhaps the most significant program on campus, ASG, along with University Parking
& Razorback Transit, and with the support of the DRJ-III Memorial Foundation, manage
the Safe Ride program which gives students a safe ride home from any unsafe or uncomfortable
situation. Arkansas is home of The Razorback, a national
award-winning student yearbook, UATV, a student-run television station, and The Arkansas Traveler,
a national-award-winning student newspaper established in 1906. The university is also
home to two radio stations: KUAF, a public radio station and NPR affiliate, and KXUA,
an eclectic student-run station. The University of Arkansas Press is known
for publishing works on local and Southern history, as well as its strong poetry series,
including books of poetry by former President Jimmy Carter and the former national poet
laureate Billy Collins.===Distinguished Lecture and Headliner Series
===Two of the most visible student-run organizations
on campus are the Distinguished Lectures Committee and Headliners Concert Series. Notable speakers
and bands to visit the University of Arkansas as a result of these organizations include
lectures by Ehud Barak, Benazir Bhutto,Dave Barry, George H. W. Bush, James Carville,
Anderson Cooper, Geraldine Ferraro, Al Franken, Malcolm Gladwell, Magic Johnson, James Earl
Jones, Martin Luther King III, T. Boone Pickens, Mary Matalin, Ehud Olmert, Apolo Ohno, Robert
Redford, Salman Rushdie, Ben Stein, Joseph Taylor, Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama., Nikki
Giovanni, Aron Ralston, General Wesley Clark, Elie Wiesel, and Jane Goodall. Past concerts
were headlined by Dierks Bentley, the Foo Fighters, John Mayer, O.A.R., The Roots, T.I.,
Third Eye Blind, and Snoop Dogg.==Greek life==
Sororities Fraternities Professional and Honorary==Notable people==The University of Arkansas Alumni Association,
operates chapters in 30 states throughout the United States. Throughout Arkansas’s history,
faculty, alumni, and former students have played prominent roles in many different fields.
Among its Distinguished Alumni is Ricardo Martinelli, president of the Republic of Panama
who was elected in 2009. Seventeen Arkansas graduates have held the position of governor,
including the current Governor of Arkansas Asa Hutchinson who has represented Arkansas
since 2015. Twenty-six Arkansas graduates have also represented the state of Arkansas
in the United States House of Representatives in every Congress from the start of the 57th
Congress in 1901 to 2009. Six Arkansas graduates have also held at least one US Senate seat
from Arkansas since 1945, and from 1979 to 2003 held both seats, including the late J.
William Fulbright and current US Senator John Boozman.Arkansas alumni also stem from the
music world. Singer songwriter Ben Rector graduated from The University of Arkansas
in 2009. A notable single of his includes “Brand New”, which was featured in the Nicholas
Sparks film trailer, The Choice.Arkansas alumni have made contributions to the business world
and academia. Alumni include Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones. Other Arkansas business
alumni include executives of major corporations like S. Robson Walton of Wal-Mart, Scott T.
Ford of Alltel, and Ed Wilson of Fox Broadcasting Company & Tribune Broadcasting. Other Arkansas
alumni have also held Chancellor and President positions at numerous universities including
John Tyler Caldwell who served as the Chancellor of North Carolina State University, and Ray
Thornton who served as President of Arkansas State University.Arkansas alumni have also
made contributions to professional sports. Arkansas Razorbacks have moved on to play
in the NFL, NBA, WNBA, and MLB. Current alumni standouts include MLB Cy Young Award winning
pitcher Cliff Lee and four time NBA All Star Joe Johnson. Others former razorbacks include
10 Olympians who have won 14 Olympic medals including Mike Conley, Sr. who won Olympics
medals at the 1984 and 1992 Olympics. Eight Pro Football Hall of Famers including Dan
Hampton attended the University of Arkansas.==Gallery====
See also==List of forestry universities and colleges
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville Shooting==Notes====External links==
Official website University of Arkansas Athletics website
“Arkansas, University of” . New International Encyclopedia. 1905.

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