Articles, Blog

Top 5 Container Gardening Tips

October 8, 2019


Alright! This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com
! Today we have another exciting episode for you. And we’re doing a growing your greens
in a minute. So this is one of my short format videos. I don’t know if it’s going to
actually be a minute. But today’s episode is the top 5 tips for growing food in a container
garden, like I have here. I’m sitting here in my driveway and you can’t really plant
stuff in the concrete on the driveway. So at the end of the driveway I actually just
put some half wine barrels or whiskey barrels. And I’ve filled them up with some good soil
and I’m growing food in there. And it really is that easy. I mean it doesn’t take rocket
science. But with my 5 tips, you’re going to be a sure success, whether you’ve been
growing or whether you’re going to start to grow in containers. Alright, so let’s
get into the tips. Tip number 1- get the biggest size container
you can. I like these half wine barrels or half whiskey barrels because actually they’re
quite wide. So actually I could plant a number of things in there. Also you want to ensure
that it’s the proper depth. I like minimum, like 12 inches of depth, you know, that’s
what I really like. More than that straight, I mean, I don’t really need all the depth
in here. But minimum 12 to 15 , maybe 24, that’s perfect. And then yeah you want the
biggest circumference as possible to grow food in containers. And we’ll get into that
in just a little bit. Tip number 2- is to get an appropriate soil
mixture for your container. If you just go in to your back yard and start digging up
the clay, the sand, whatever you got in your back yard and put it in the container, and
then start to grow in that, you may not have the best luck. Likewise, many bagged organic
compost from the store may not be that good. They may not work. You may fill up your container,
you’re excited to have a container, and you plant stuff in there and stuff doesn’t
grow. And you know, there’s many reasons for that. But one of the main reasons is because
you don’t have a good soil mixture. So I recommend, number one, a good potting soil
mixture. And if you’re looking for, probably one of the best brands out there, you want
to check out the Dr Earth brand of potting soils. They are pretty high quality stuff
and they’re nationally, you know, distributed. So check I think with maybe a local True Value
Hardware I believe has those, or can special order them if your local nursery does not.
You’ll not find those, you know, at any kind of Big Box store. Now besides using the
potting soil, make sure you have nutrition in the potting soil for the plants. Dr Earth
adds some nutrients in there. But some additional things that I would like to add for the plants
include things like the rock dust, things like the worm castings. Those are like really
critical in my opinion, and most potting soil mixtures unfortunately leave those out. If
you want to learn more about the rock dust and the worm castings, please check my other
videos. Actually I’ll put links down below to two videos on, one on rock dust and one
on worm castings, and why they are still important. And the third thing that I would actually
do is not actually add some kind of synthetic chemical fertilizer, like pretty much everybody
is taught. I’d actually use what’s called compost tea. And the compost tea, brew it
on up, and then basically that invigorates your soil with nutrition. With some nutrients
but mostly the biology. And what people don’t tell you that, people just think oh you need
fertilizer to feed your plants. The plants don’t necessarily need fertilizer. Fertilizer
to the plants like synthetic fertilizers, chemical fertilizers, made in a factory everywhere
and call them, is kind of like us living on vitamin supplements. We don’t want to live
on vitamin supplements. We want to live on real food and hopefully that’s one of the
reasons why you want to grow your own food. To get some real food instead of living off
of vitamins or vitamin enriched full foods, like cereals that they actually add vitamins
to. Because when they processed the cereals, white flour, white sugar, all the vitamins
and you know, minerals are drastically reduced. So they actually have to add stuff back in,
right. And that’s what fertilizer is for your plants. And we want to set up an environment
where we have a good organic compost and a biology and the rock dust and the trace minerals,
even something like the sea minerals in the soil so that they can be accessed by the plant
through the biology. And that’s pretty much how we work when we eat food, actually the
food is digested not by us. We don’t have like teeth in our stomachs to chew everything
up. But we have symbiotic beneficial bacteria and fungi in out stomachs. And that’s the
system that we want to set up in a container. Alright. Tip number 3- is plant densely. So I have
these actually planted very lightly. I have four plants in here, but I could easily fit
maybe 6 to 8 of these guys. This is some Siberian kale. So it’s my favorite winter variety
kale. Really mild. If you don’t like strong tasting kale. So yeah, plant it densely so
you have more food in your space. Now if I was planting tomatoes in here, because tomatoes
kind of grow out really big, I’d probably maybe then plant like maybe 2, one on each
side. Peppers, I might put maybe 4 or 5. And space things out accordingly. I always want
to encourage you guys, specially in containers, grow the most valuable food to you and to
me, those are the leafy greens. Leafy greens are quite expensive to buy. But, you know,
they’re easy to grow and they taste so much better when they’re fresh picked at home. Okay, tip number 4 – is water appropriately.
So I have set up an irrigation system that basically just attaches to the hose bib, comes
on on a timer, so I don’t have to worry about watering. So it always gets watered.
One of the biggest failures I see in container gardening is that you’re either over watering,
because like oh I love my plants I’m going to give them water. And we think we equate
like loving our plants with giving it water, giving it something, when really we need to
give it the appropriate amount of water. And so I have this going off , at present time
I go once a day if it’s raining it might actually stop going off , because I have a
sensor that protects that. And you want to help the soil nice and moist. You don’t
want it sopping wet and you don’t want it too dry either. And that’s another big challenge
that I see when people are container gardening. So last tip, tip number 5 – is learn as you
grow, right. If this is your first time or whether you’ve been growing in containers
a lot, there is always something new to learn when you’re gardening, right. And so every
time you plant a plant and it makes it or doesn’t make it, figure out why it didn’t
make it or figure why it it worked. And hey, when I added that compost tea things shot
up and it grew better. Maybe that’s good for your plants, maybe that’s a better way
to love your plants than giving it excess water, right. Spray it with some compost tea.Now
yeah I don’t agree with, you know, spraying on too much compost tea, but I like to do
it upon initial planting, and then maybe like once a week to just reinvigorate. But yeah,
learn as you grow. That’s super important. If you fail, try, try again. The worst thing
that’s going to happen if you plant a garden and you mess up, the plants don’t make it.
You buy new seeds, you buy new plant starts, you try again. But more importantly you do
it a little bit differently. And this is like how we learn. This is how we learn how to
walk, this is how we learn how to ride a bike, you know. Sometimes you fail, you fall over
on the bike or when you’re trying to walk as a baby, but you get back up and you do
it. And everybody on the world could walk, right. And everybody in the whole world could
absolutely garden too. But you need to learn the skill of how to do it. And you are only
going to learn by your successes and by your failures. And I want you to learn from both
of them. Both your failures but more importantly also your successes. When things grow well
you’re going to know wow, the Siberian kale does amazing in my container. But when I grew
tomatoes like it really didn’t yield a lot of food. So I’m not really going to do that
again. So I’m going to grow more kales and other leafy greens. Like when I grow mâche
in the containers, it does amazing. And I only know all the stuff I know about gardening
through trial and error and through, you know, reading things and reading books and researching
and what not. But mainly I’m self taught. I learn what I know from doing it. And that’s
the main thing- get out there and do it. So plant that container garden , and now you
too can be successful with these 5 tips. If you guys enjoyed this short format video,
hey please give me a thumbs up to let me know. Also be sure to click that Subscribe button
right down below to be notified of my new and upcoming episodes. And be sure to check
my past episodes. I have over a eleven hundred episodes now, teaching you guys all aspects
so that you guys could grow your own food at home and be independent of the food system
which is a method of control. So once again, my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com
. We’ll see you next time, and until then remember- keep on growing.

83 Comments

  • Reply mi kique January 19, 2016 at 8:07 pm

    podrias hacer vídeos en español ?

  • Reply TheFightaz January 19, 2016 at 8:26 pm

    These short videos are great, I'm sure you can compress many tips and info in ten minutes to prevent long videos that become kinda of a drag.

  • Reply knitnpaint January 19, 2016 at 8:31 pm

    ok you forgot to put the links in the downbar for the rockdust.

  • Reply Happy Gardener January 19, 2016 at 8:43 pm

    It looks like you have a dead, giant spider hanging above your containers.

  • Reply Wild Flowerz January 19, 2016 at 8:47 pm

    I have really been watching your videos to learn about gardening. I'm looking to rent a city garden plot since I live in high rise and only get afternoon sunlight. I've really found your tips to be helpful and can't wait to get started 🙂 thank you!

  • Reply THC Titan January 19, 2016 at 9:25 pm

    I know you have done videos on marijuana in the past, but it would be great to hear your ideas about growing marijuana. I know most of the same principles apply, however your point of view would be interesting.

  • Reply CameliaDiamonds January 19, 2016 at 10:07 pm

    Your inspirational. I never thought I'd grow vegetables and now I'm looking forward to container gardening this spring. Thank you!🍏

  • Reply maemclaren January 19, 2016 at 10:16 pm

    Where do you get your barrels:)

  • Reply Mona Lisa Mendiola January 19, 2016 at 10:27 pm

    love all your videos. your the greatest and cute to, but smaller videos please. I run out of data in the longer videos

  • Reply maemclaren January 19, 2016 at 11:09 pm

    Thank You:)

  • Reply fishexcavator January 19, 2016 at 11:11 pm

    love the short version

  • Reply Joe Citizen January 19, 2016 at 11:13 pm

    I know that the bigger the root system the better … but if you are throwing feed at the plants … do you think that half the common root system is ok?

    my question maybe incorrect … but I think you understand it.

  • Reply Joe Citizen January 19, 2016 at 11:13 pm

    I know that the bigger the root system the better … but if you are throwing feed at the plants … do you think that half the common root system is ok?

    my question maybe incorrect … but I think you understand it.

  • Reply FranksFlyTraps January 19, 2016 at 11:28 pm

    would u recommend dr earth or fox farms soils/fertilizers for container growing? ive never used dr earth.

  • Reply MyDogMike1 January 20, 2016 at 12:00 am

    Home Depot carries Dr. Earth products…at least in PA

  • Reply HillCountryHick January 20, 2016 at 1:51 am

    shorter videos are better

  • Reply Jasper Santos January 20, 2016 at 2:33 am

    this was great John! short but very informative! thank you for getting me into gardening, I've been watching your videos for a while now and it made me change my views about food and eating my greens! Cheers to good health! 🍻

  • Reply Ray 777 January 20, 2016 at 4:08 am

    I have enjoyed your videos in the past, but your recent videos do not have captioning on them. Why have you stopped using this feature? Sadly, there is no point in my watching your excellent videos if I am not able to understand them. Will you please start using captioning again? Thank you!

  • Reply BIG LOU 44 January 20, 2016 at 4:48 am

    where did you get those pot's.

  • Reply Jim S January 20, 2016 at 4:48 am

    Good tips, John.
    Another tip: If your container is deeper than necessary don't fill it potting soil, that's a waste, but don't fill it with rocks! It will make it weigh a ton. Put empty bottles or old tupperware in the bottom.

  • Reply Stephen Hunter January 20, 2016 at 6:33 am

    Home Depot sells Doctor Earth soil and amendments. At least the one by me does.

  • Reply kt January 20, 2016 at 12:11 pm

    as always, <3

  • Reply Raw Intuition January 20, 2016 at 4:13 pm

    very helpful John. thanks for these awesome videos. a method of control indeed!

  • Reply hurdman January 20, 2016 at 4:49 pm

    Like the shorter video. How long do you run your drip system for the container? What size emitter? How many emitters?

  • Reply apuz13 January 20, 2016 at 5:23 pm

    John awesome video. Where can I get starter plants in Las Vegas like kale and such? Also where did you get those half barrels?

  • Reply Cat On Point January 20, 2016 at 6:56 pm

    Great tips Jon thank you!

  • Reply sons.of.the.sun January 20, 2016 at 7:11 pm

    Excellent metaphors and information to help gain an understanding of how a good compost works. thanks John

  • Reply neilsanns January 20, 2016 at 8:28 pm

    Dr. Earth potting mixes/soil are available now at Home Depot (big box store) in the NYC area.

  • Reply Chad The Walrus January 21, 2016 at 1:22 am

    As always, super informative and educational! looking for half barrels now.

  • Reply Chad The Walrus January 21, 2016 at 1:22 am

    As always, super informative and educational! looking for half barrels now.

  • Reply miner45 January 21, 2016 at 5:28 pm

    one john min. is = to 9 normal min. lol

  • Reply carriew92 January 22, 2016 at 2:46 am

    I enjoyed this video, John. However, I also am a huge fan of your longer videos. I've been a fan since…i think it was 2012….and I still look forward to seeing notifications that you uploaded new videos! Keep up the great work!

  • Reply eyemadethis1013 January 22, 2016 at 4:16 am

    Hi John! Thanks for the container gardening tips! I would love to see more container gardening, since not all of us have access to actual ground to plant things in.

  • Reply Jennifer Lizcano January 22, 2016 at 5:54 am

    Very helpful video! Thanks! I'm gardening in a small outdoor space and have had marginal success with my containers, so these tips will hopefully help!

  • Reply hilndr January 22, 2016 at 9:44 am

    Come on John, it's never going to be a minute video haha. You should consider making your own soil mixes, it's not as hard as you would think. Make some leaf mould, mix with compost and that's a good start, just takes some advance planning to make leaf mould. Added aeration can be useful, but leaf mould and compost works well for me.

  • Reply william alston January 23, 2016 at 9:43 am

    thanks again for a great video… container gardening is my favorite kind of gardening… william

  • Reply Vegan Will January 24, 2016 at 6:21 am

    so much for one minute John hahahah 😀 thanks for the video!

  • Reply Shou Chu Tsang January 25, 2016 at 4:21 am

    l loved it thanks for sharing your ideas

  • Reply Tarah H January 25, 2016 at 11:32 pm

    Hi John! I have a question regarding garden beds. I couldn't find an email address for you so I thought I'd post here. We are relocating our garden bed to a different area and are finding tons of hornedworm tomato bugs hibernating deep in the soil. Last season these full grown bugs destroyed a beautiful tomato plant. How do we prevent them from getting in our garden beds and what plants will they destroy? Thank you for your time and help. Gratefully, Tarah

  • Reply flyshacker January 26, 2016 at 5:57 am

    John, what do you think of Larry Hall's idea of growing in cloth grow bags placed in a kiddie pool with a half inch of water? Supposedly the self pruning of the roots and crop yield is fantastic. What do you think?

  • Reply Tonny Ombuyah January 27, 2016 at 2:40 am

    Awesome knowledge…

  • Reply Binhan Nguyen January 30, 2016 at 2:16 am

    not everybody in the world can walk… 🙁

  • Reply Self Sufficient Me January 30, 2016 at 6:42 am

    I agree with everything you said about container gardening – excellent 5 tips! May I also add, ensure the container is durable don't use cheap containers (at this larger size) because they leach chemicals into the soil mix and won't last. When buying half barrels buy the genuine solid ones with the thick galvanised banding (as in the video) don't buy the cheaper Chinese imitation barrels as they fall apart, rot, and rust in a matter of months – personal experience… Cheers 🙂

  • Reply aravista222 February 14, 2016 at 2:54 pm

    Finding wine barrels where I am is difficult, they cost a mint. I found a supplier of food grade 55 gl drums I was considering using. Any reason I shouldn't? If food grade, is it safe to assume there is less risk of stuff leeching out of the plastic once cleaned? And is there a higher risk of mildew/rot in a plastic container of that size , as opposed to a breathable one of wood? thanks!

  • Reply Squirrely Shirley February 25, 2016 at 3:47 pm

    I alwsys love your videos. I built a 4ft by 12ft raised bed and want to put it to good use. I feel like I could use all the help I can get and your videos have definitely helped me to become a better gardener. thank you!

  • Reply King jjwpenguin March 21, 2016 at 4:22 pm

    "everybody can walk, right." Looks over at disabled buddy as you say that.

  • Reply Growing Independence March 22, 2016 at 2:11 am

    Hi John, I live in MN and have marsh mud to use. What needs to be added to make this work. I plan to build a vertical wooden planter and may just keep it indoors under lights. I will use compost after I make some but for this year I would like to use the marsh to save money. Thank you for your videos.

  • Reply June ribaldi May 20, 2016 at 9:45 pm

    Thank you Dear Brother John

  • Reply BananaJSSI May 22, 2016 at 11:58 pm

    Excellent vid

  • Reply Tyler Stuhr May 29, 2016 at 4:33 pm

    Hey john love your videos doing my first attemp at a raised bed this year. Thanks for all the advice my peppers are looking good so far thanks again

  • Reply FranksFlyTraps May 30, 2016 at 5:29 pm

    ocean forest is definitely the best soil ive ever used.

  • Reply Zach S June 13, 2016 at 2:18 am

    Hey John, loving the short format video as I don't usually have the time to watch the longer types you put out. Rocking a 4×12 raised container bed in my backyard in SF with your help – crazy amounts of kale and beets and radishes – thanks for sharing!

  • Reply Leslie M August 14, 2016 at 8:13 pm

    Question… Do you fill the whole barrel with soil? I do and it's a lot of soil which equals lots of money. Is that's necessary for non root vegetables?

  • Reply Telin Strong October 8, 2016 at 5:26 pm

    you do realize that if you add compost and worm castings rock dust is unnecessary and does not make a difference so it is a waist of money and rock dust is a non-renewable resource so using it hurts the planet and rock dust takes longer to become bioavailable for your plants.

  • Reply Spencer Wickliff February 22, 2017 at 3:36 am

    it wasn't a minute but it was very educational. Thanks.😁🍎🌿🌾🌱

  • Reply Over the Hedge February 28, 2017 at 6:34 pm

    Hello from Southern Ontario Canada! It's that time of the year when 'cabin fever' strikes me. I've been going through all of my magazines, seed catalogues and favourite websites. And I've set up my seed starting calendar. I've begun to stalk all the stores and nurseries in my area. Doing cost comparisons. Born and raised on a farm, gardening is in my blood. But I no longer live on a farm and I do all container gardening. Google used to be my favourite site to go to for answers. But now, my favourite place to go … YouTube! Videos! I stumbled upon one of your videos. I love love love your videos. I am definitely going to try a lot of your garden tips. Although we're in different plant zones, there is still a lot I can use, do. I have to admit, I'm now a 'GrowingYourGreens' groupie. Keep putting out these videos. Short format, long format, I'll watch 'em all! You've replaced regular TV viewing at my house * cackles * Kudos to you John!

  • Reply Jim Wills April 11, 2017 at 8:50 pm

    I just looked at Dr.Earth all-purpose potting soil.
    1.5 cu.Ft. $34.83 and $44.49 That's insane.

  • Reply E Nicholson June 27, 2017 at 11:18 pm

    im in ca and have found dr earth soils at home depot for a few years now

  • Reply E Nicholson June 27, 2017 at 11:19 pm

    also dr earth is unbelievably spendy

  • Reply Crusty Tackleford July 8, 2017 at 3:41 am

    Homedepot now carries Dr.Earths

  • Reply Fagan Industries August 3, 2017 at 3:32 pm

    Homedepot sells Dr. Earth soil

  • Reply weare1ingod August 8, 2017 at 6:36 pm

    Great Video. Very Helpful.

  • Reply Adventures with Conrad February 12, 2018 at 9:48 pm

    Love all your stuff but short is really nice!

  • Reply Jeremy Hula April 4, 2018 at 8:33 pm

    Thanks brother. Love your videos. I'm starting a container garden this year and you are extremely helpful.

  • Reply Dori123196 April 14, 2018 at 12:07 pm

    Nah, man. I'm not paying $20 for a foot and a half of dirt. You want good soils? If you only have 3 or less pots to fill, buy some miracle grow. Its the shit If you have a shit ton of planters to fill and you don't have much money ( but you do have time) here's what you do: save up your used coffee grounds for a couple of weeks ( or ask if you can collect some from work or a cafe). Buy cheap ass potting soil ( the kind that's mostly sand), a cheap thing of peat moss, and some vermiculite ( Look at buying some from a farm supply store. It's cheaper) and mix that shit together. Add your plants. Find yourself some cheap ass wood chips ( Look up some cable company dump sites. They usually chip the trees that fall on power lines and will let you hall away the shavings for free) and add a 1 layer to top off the soil so it doesn't dry out too fast. Tada. You now have yourself a potting mix that can grow damn near anything.

  • Reply Milk WeEd April 17, 2018 at 1:04 am

    Yeah 1 minuet

  • Reply FY30 May 2, 2018 at 12:44 pm

    Hi nice video. Do you have seeds for the Siberian kale? I love green leafy vegs and I'm trying to obtain as many varieties possible.

  • Reply Roger Rinck May 8, 2018 at 10:15 pm

    So i got some chicken manure, some horse manure, and some cow manure. Its free to me cuz the area i live in. What do you think about me mixing all that with some store baught potting soil and growing each plant in 5 gallon buckets. Or should i get bigger pots.

  • Reply Roger Rinck May 8, 2018 at 10:21 pm

    So organic growing is what im interested in but if it cost more for dirt pots and baby or seeds then why grow. Need tips. Got lots of horse poop cow poop and chicken poop compost.

  • Reply Roger Rinck May 8, 2018 at 10:24 pm

    They say tomatoes are the easyest thing to grow but a two dollar pot and 599 bag of compost for 5 tomatoes. Atleast when i groe pot its 2 dollar pot 599 bag compost and yeilds 100 dollers bud. Just add water.

  • Reply karimah abdul-hakim May 26, 2018 at 9:57 am

    learn Organic thank you very much for sharing 💚🌹

  • Reply MonCher July 20, 2018 at 10:10 pm

    Good tips, John. I like how you can admit that you can make errors, too. You don’t have a super-sized ego like the MIgardener guy. I mention him by name because it doesn’t bother him to drop/bash names.
    I’ve been a gardener for years but I have learned a lot from your videos. Especially how the soil needs the mycorrhizae dudes. I ordered a can of the Plant Success & a gallon of compost tea (smelly stuff) because of how you explained the need for it. I must admit though, I also bought a bag of time release fertilizer. I know you don’t like factory made fertilizer. Maybe I don’t need it anymore. I also use Azomite because of you. I garden with grow bags. I actually leave them out all year. Every Spring when I’m planting, I dig out half of the soil from the bag, then I add the Azo, the worm castings and now I sprinkle Plant Success so I can "cheat" like you! Sometimes I add more soil, too, then the amended soil goes back into the bag. I’m hoping all the good things I added will filter into the lower half of the pot.
    Keep up the great teaching job. We need you.

  • Reply Yowhan R. August 20, 2018 at 10:30 am

    Using containers is indeed a great way to increase your garden and I find some tips here to be useful. Will surely apply some to my garden. Please check it out too at https://www.gardenloka.com/

  • Reply joeganic September 12, 2018 at 7:09 am

    Do you need drainage

  • Reply Ed January 17, 2019 at 10:06 am

    Healthy, yes. Economical no. Those large, half-barrels cost easily over $100 each, if you can even find them, so right there he has over $800.00. Then add the cost of the soil, supplies and water over the season. That is one expensive cucumber….But hell, you grew it with you own two hands, right?

  • Reply justin jacobs February 22, 2019 at 9:37 pm

    if your container is way deeper than needed…is it ok to put sand in the bottom, so your not spending more money on potting soil that will never be used?

  • Reply J J2017 April 22, 2019 at 2:09 pm

    Very helpful

  • Reply Melissa Reyes May 7, 2019 at 9:15 pm

    What books do you recommend for beginners?

  • Reply jack watkins June 30, 2019 at 7:09 pm

    I enjoyed your video sir, thank you very much. I've read a lot of the comments on here especially the one discussing the high prices of potting soils. I don't own but a few Acres but I have hundreds around me and I find it just would dirt works really well even the rotten and decaying wood you can put it in the bottom if it's already getting further enough long. You know you could invest and any kind of plastic tubs from dollar store or Walmart along with a shovel and just get out of town if you're in town and if you see somebody's got a lot of woods around her house especially around farmland just stop and ask them could you maybe go out in the woods and scoop up some of that dirt. Now come pay you real quick I don't nobody out there digging around in my pastor or wherever but explain to him you have just a shovel and all you're going to do is just scooped up just a little of the top layer and fill your buckets. But even when I buy some potting soil since I've been pretty bad disabled over the past couple of years I still mix in garden dirt because potting mix that you buy in a bag just seems to be too chunky and loose. Now they tell you everything you plant you need well-drained soil but that don't mean you need to have something that won't hold enough water and some of the potting soil will let the water just run right through it and it's dry again the next day. But hey, I'm an old man and have done most of my gardening always in a garden.

  • Reply BushellBasket July 13, 2019 at 12:25 pm

    I love how u slipped in " it is a method of control".

  • Reply Melissa Hensley July 22, 2019 at 10:30 pm

    Thanks John. John is right about the enrichment process replacing vitamins and minerals lost in processing, but I do want to note that fortifying food is a different story. Fortified foods are meant to add vitamins and nutrient that are not naturally a part of the particular items they are included in. Many foods have been fortified since the 1930s and 1940s in the United States because too many people eat inadequate diets. The upside is that some things like pellagra and rickets have been virtually eliminated and spina bifida and anencephaly rates have fallen. The downside is that many of these foods are heavily processed and not every person benefits from the addition of particular vitamins and minerals. Okay, lecture over–eat your fruits and veggies, folks!

  • Reply Thomas Anderson August 9, 2019 at 6:18 pm

    Bro everybody in the world can walk, lol… what about people in wheelchairs? They can garden, but not walk

  • Reply Pat H. August 25, 2019 at 8:52 am

    Greetings from France,
    Keep on the shortening the format video,

    Densed, precise, organised, planned and short videos in precisely chosen topics, are so much easy and enjoyable to follow and take the time to listen to… So much to do, to learn and to share, that, long format is in our DNA TECH age too difficult to concentrate on to… Please help us save our time…

    Soils and Sun are fundamental
    Variety of Russian kale in whisky casks

    Blessings to you John
    Peace, love and good organic food

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