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To Your Left #8: Civilization | على شمالَِك: الحضارة

November 4, 2019


Fuck the Pharaohs, Romans, Umayyads, Abbasids, Fatimids, Ayyubids, Mamluks, Ottomans, Napoleon, Mohamed Ali, the British Empire, King Foaud & Farouk and down with the rule of the banks! To Your Left Who’s Civilization is it anyway? Evening all! How you all doin’? Every movie, show, program, ad, book, course, library, book, Sheikh, dad and mom have to constantly remind us that humans are selfish and greedy by nature. And if there no civilized civilization, with its stable stability and advanced advancements, we’d all be running around in mad chaos raping and pillaging each other alive. But, let’s take a step back and look at human history because it’s entertaining as shit. And from our history, we’ll understand the possibilities of our future. About 4 million years ago, evolved primates started roaming the earth on two feet. And that was an amazing evolution because it freed their hands from the task of walking and ever since they can make tools and use their minds with their hands to engage with nature and that’s the origins of: Labor About a million years ago, homo erectus appeared, basically the primitive person, very similar to us now, but sans the knowledge that we’ve accumulated over the past million years. Labor became communal, like today. About 150 thousand years ago, homo sapiens appears, basically us now, the common person you’d see today. There were several types of homo sapiens, but we were the ultimate form. Back then, we were living in small groups, picking flowers, vegetables, coconuts and any other fruits from mother nature’s garden, in addition to fishing and hunting, of course. Primitive communities were cooperative in all aspects, work was communal and so was thought. Decisions were taken together and we all reaped the consequences for better or worse. Not because we were good and others evil, but because, cooperation served our best interest. Even if you only thought of yourself, you’d put everyone’s well-being over your own because their survival is your survival. There were no class differences and no Private Property because that is a super strange concept. I mean, you couldn’t just draw a line on the ground in primitive times and declare it your own because then the tribe would kick your ass to the curb and not let you partake in the juicy suckling roasted lamb fruit of their hunting labor. Whomever attempts to pull out of the community would harm themselves and the entire community by making them one person weaker, because they’ll die on their own and luckily won’t pass down their dumb genes. And they were constantly on the move because would deplete the natural plants of the area and have to find a new one. And that’s not to mention, floods and the general difficulties of life. Women didn’t get pregnant too often because it slowed them down. They worked just as men did and their role in the community was equal to that of men. It may be hard to imagine in our misogynistic present, but back then, there was real equality among genders. The only difference was that women had to birth a couple of babies and during which time they’d have to rest, but other than that, no difference. About 10 thousand years ago, we discovered farming. The agricultural revolution changed human history and our future. Suddenly, we started controlling nature, instead of having nature control us. Through less effort, we can grow more, better food then what we would previously consume. More importantly, we stopped roaming and finally settled in water rich areas and started herding flocks and raising livestock. Our numbers increased and women began procreating more often. Surplus started appearing and that caused a great transformation in society leading to the creation of classes. That was an immensely important moment in history. Instead of producing to meet our needs, we started producing in excess in order to store. Therefore, not everyone was needed to farm. Some can farm, others handle the storage facility, some to guard the stored produce and with time some specialized in the production of farming tools and weapons, etc. Since we weren’t all required to produce food, there appeared a division of labor and various specializations; meaning differences. Up to then it was all good, but then it all started changing because the ones controlling the storage of produce have more important decisions to make than the rest because they’re the ones distributing and selling; they’re the ones responsible for the resources; they’re the ones planning projects that impact society as a whole. For instance, if we wanted to extend a waterway, the ones in control would have to compensate the workers that will execute the construction so the rest can continue farming. More importantly, there now arose a need for security. Previously there was nothing to guard, so there was no need for security. And the ones holding the weapons to guard the stored produce, use the same weapons to enforce the law of the ruler. And gradually, they were given priority in food allotment. So, the ruler, with some food can have his armed men enforce laws people don’t like, using their money and weapons. Storage facilities transformed into temples because our wealth is sacred. The person in charge of storage became a priest, closer to God than the rest of us and by time he packaged himself as God. With his religious authority, control over storage and the security guarding it, he began fully controlling a society that was no longer as small as it was and that is the origin of the Ruling Class Were they evil? Not at all. They just hold differing interests from the rest because of the system that was created. The primitive community where cooperation reigned supreme was overtaken by a Class Society with a top and a bottom; strong and weak; exploiter and exploited. And if men are exploited by an inch, then women experience it in miles. We’ve only been living in a class system for less than 10 thousand years. With classes, civilizations. Groups became villages and villages became cities and cities became empires. Civilizations started everywhere at the same time, just in case white people wanted to lay claim to the honor. Take, for example, the Pharaonic civilization. One of the two oldest civilizations and among the greatest and grandest. It started 5,000 years ago along the banks of the Nile and for 3,000 years the ruling class underwent many changes. Pharaohs rose and Pharaohs fell. Family taking over from family and age taking over from age. The one thing that didn’t change was the exploitation of the masses and the accumulation of surplus production. Farmers and slaves produce for the entire community and the ruling class takes the surplus to build pyramids and temples. While they are something to behold and astonishing, but the sad truth is, all the iconic Pharaonic symbols that you see in movies and documentaries were built by the sweat and blood of hundreds of thousands of workers and slaves and history proclaims them the achievements of Pharaohs, while they didn’t do shit. These antiquities are amazing, but they still stand as a testament to history’s dark and violent record of exploitation. They are also evidence to the surplus production that was available and, instead of benefiting all, used by the Pharaoh to build elaborate projects through which to promote his name and legacy, while the rest die of exhaustion and hunger. Super miserable existence. It became a game, on one side, you have the Pharaohs, their priests and armies and on the other side, you have the masses or craftsmen, farmers and slaves, the ones that produce all the wealth, but only get enough to barely to survive the day, and start a new day where they farm and build all over again. Today when you visit a temple and see some hieroglyphs of Mena beating the poor, you feel a sense of pride and achievement from our civilization and history. Funny thing is, you think that if you were living back then, you’d be the Pharaoh ruling with his iron fist, when in reality, you’re the descendant of the slaves that were getting beat. We like to believe that in history we were the ruling rich, and that the present is just an aberration wherein we’re poor, but we’re not the descendants of Pharaohs, they fucking sucked, we are the descendants of the farmers and slaves that endured that exploitation, and we should be extremely proud of it. Instead of boasting about thousands of years we were exploited, why not boast about having the first recorded labor strike? The Valley of the Queens cemetery workers’ strike, which took place over 3,000 years ago, should be our true pride. For over 95% of human history, we lived as equals. But the ruling class is now trying to convince us that we’ve always lived divided by class, and that humans are greedy by nature. They want to convince us that several incidents throughout history brought us to industrial capitalism over the past 200 years, but there will be no further changes that can be made so we can create a different world. So, for them, history ended at capitalism. What a coincidence. BS, of course. History continues, the future can be different and we can overcome the class system. The Pharaonic civilization rose and fell, and then Alexander the Great came and occupied Egypt. He established a city and called is Alexandria, after his esteemed self. As if, he conquered it by himself, and he’s the one that paved the streets. Then the Roman armies took over and we became the food basket of the Roman empire. Our farmers were so exploited, to the extent that their harvest allotment was feeding Roman nobles throughout the empire, while we’re hungry. The Islamic armies took over from the Romans and became the ruling class themselves. Living in castles and collecting tons of cash, while the rest of society suffers the indignity of homelessness. Our state is rich. We can grow and produce all that we need and more, but we don’t reap the rewards. All that have ruled Egypt, have done so to serve their own interests, they sell it to us as a great civilization and want us to boast about it in front of the tourists. But, it’s not civilization, it is exploitation and and an extreme version at that. Every ruling class builds on the exploitation of its predecessor. All the achievements of great civilizations around the world were only possible because of the millions that worked and produced. They add the exploiter’s capital to the exploited’s labor and build wealth. With time, their money increases, and the power gap widens and theft is concentrated and the ruling class accumulates money at the top and we accumulate poverty at the bottom and we struggle. In 1492, Europeans began colonizing Latin South and North America and divided it amongst themselves. They filled ships with all the stolen loot they can pack: silver, sugar, tobacco, coffee, anything they can get their hands on. They also stole the most valuable resource in our history: labor. They colonized Africa and kidnapped over 11 million people, shipped them, sold them as slaves and created immense wealth for themselves. All those slaves, then went on to work in fields by the whip and created immense surplus production for the Europeans and Americans. They accumulated a scary amount of wealth and that’s why it’s no coincidence that all the countries that colonized others are super rich and the ones that were colonized are super poor. In fact, today, more than half of Brits are proud of the history of their empire and deem the countries that they colonized as having benefited from said colonization. Can you imagine? Mohamed Ali and his family established the much beloved modern Egyptian state, through forced labor, poverty and hunger. They imported capitalism and when they established it in Egypt, lo and behold, the British came in and colonized us in a seamless transition. And like all colonialists, they didn’t come and make it appear as if they’re the colonizers and we’re the colonized. They took the biggest figures from the noble class and colluded. That’s why someone like Talaat Harb, benefited from British rule. He established Bank Misr and the Mahala Textile Factory under British rule. He bought scrap machinery from the British for pittance and brought poor farmers from small villages to work the machines to literal death, while he sits back and rakes in the cash. Their history frames him as a national hero, while our history shames him for being an exploiter. Now, however, for the first time in history, there is a solution. Back in the day, farmers were isolated from each other and slaves didn’t have any equipment, serfs were not producing commodities crucial to the market, but now, thanks to capitalism, we have the working class that is concentrated in various places of work and who divide labor between themselves and produce or prevent surplus value. They are the only ones with the potential to help us cross over to a classless society. Spain celebrated their national day on October 12th. They were celebrating their great civilization and glorious empire. Every year they close off their main street in Madrid and the King, himself, attends and Spanish flags are everywhere, with all sorts of military parades and heartfelt, national speeches. The ruling class in Europe and Spain try to sell to their citizens that they should be proud of their colonialism, enslavement and exploitation. On the other side, you have history from the bottom. The people’s history. Our history. There is a song for Manu Chao, who is an awesome, revolutionary French musician of Spanish descent, that speaks of the revolutionary, Zapatista movement in Mexico. It describes that same period of colonialism from their perspective as the night of 500 years. Civilization my ass! This all leads us to the biggest difference between the rich and the poor. Credit Suisse just released a report that states that less than 1% of the world’s population possess almost half of the world’s wealth. Every time I search for a new statistic that exposes the wealth gap to present in an episode, I find the new statistic worse than the previous. We are living in the worst 50 years of the worst 300 years of our history. As long as we live under capitalism, exploitation will expand, accumulation will increase and alienation will be rife. That’s in addition to our planet being destroyed due to climate change. There are 100 companies that are responsible for 71% of damage to the environment because their profits take priority over our environment. They still try to dupe us with their shallow public conservation efforts and awareness campaigns on usage of straws and plastic bags, and bettering the environment through our individual acts because it’s our fault and not their’s. All that happens around us, but the problem is that the ruling class always distorts history. History tells the story of rulers as if they were heroes and not the exploitative assholes they really were and describes humanity as chaotic and violent. We’re wild by nature and the system tames us. While they may distort history, we’re the only ones with the power to change it. Lebanon is challenging sectarianism and the banking system, Iraq is liberating itself from its corrupt government, Algeria is bringing down the military dictatorship, Chile is battling the IMF itself, Ecuador is protesting the lifting of subsidies, Honk Kong is battling the entire Chinese ruling class, Catalonia is opposing the colonialist Spanish King, and Greece, Argentina, Haiti and more. We are the ones that make history. If you like what I’m saying, share the love and likes, and if you disagree, hit me up in the comments and we can duke it out. And for God’s sake, check out the references. I’m Shalaby and it’s been real, peeps.

24 Comments

  • Reply Mido Nour November 1, 2019 at 12:26 pm

    كلام صح
    بس مثالي بمعني ان غير قابل للتحقيق علي ارض الواقع ، لأن الإنسان نفعي و طماع.

  • Reply RevSoc TV تلفزيون الاشتراكي November 1, 2019 at 12:35 pm

    ====================

    مصادر الحلقة

    ====================

    ◀︎ Chris Harman, “A People’s History of the World” ▶︎

    🔗 http://digamo.free.fr/harman99.pdf 🔗

    💬 كتاب عظيم. تاريخنا احنا مش تاريخهم هم، لأن الطبقة الحاكمة بتسرح بينا بقالها قرون، وهنا هارمن (من الماركسيين اللي بحبهم فشخ، الله يرحمه مات في مصر) بيحكي التاريخ من وجهة نظر الشعوب. المفروض إنه مترجم بالعربي بس مالاقيتش نسخة رقمية.

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    ◀︎ أول إضراب في التاريخ ▶︎

    🔗 https://revsoc.me/revolutionary-experiences/wl-drb-fy-ltrykh/ 🔗

    💬 ده أول إضراب عمالي يسجله التاريخ البشري، من أكتر من 3000 سنة في مصر. عمال المقابر في قرية دير المدينة بالقرب من وادي الملكات، في عام 1151 قبل الميلاد

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    ◀︎ مصر زمان: أكذوبة الزمن الجميل ▶︎

    🔗 https://revsoc.me/politics/msr-zmn-kdhwb-lzmn-ljmyl/ 🔗

    💬 المعنى الحقيقي لتاريخنا وتاريخهم. الناس بتشير صور مصر زمان ويقولك الزمن الجميل، وهو كان زمن تعيس كله فقر وجها باستثناء الأغنياء اللي طالعين في الصور.

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    ◀︎ Chris Harman: Engels and the Origins of Human Society ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.marxists.org/archive/harman/1994/xx/engels.htm 🔗

    💬 هارمن يضرب من جديد. الرجل دة عظيم. كتابته سهلة ومش بيحور. شرح مبسط لنقلتنا من مجتمع كلنا فيه زي بعض، لمجتمع فيه طبقة حاكمة وبقيتنا. وبادئ بأهم نقطة وهي إن الماركسيين شايفين القمع والتمييز نتيجة لتاريخنا اللي مرينا به كبشرية، بس الرأسماليين بيدعوا ان احنا طبقات بطبيعتنا ولازم نفشخ بعض ومافيش بديل.

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    ◀︎ بيان الحزب الشيوعي – "Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, "The Communist Manifesto ▶︎

    🔗 English: https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto 🔗

    🔗 عربي: https://www.marxists.org/arabic/archive/marx/1848-cm/index.htm 🔗

    💬 أنا مابحبش أشير للبيان الشيوعي لأنه في رأيي كتاب ملخص لأفكار لازم الواحد يكون قرا عنها وناقشها قبل مايدوس فيه. يعني لو لسه ماقراتش في الماركسية، سيبه للآخر أحسن. بس في الجزء الأول ملخص تاريخ الطبقة الحاكمة "البورجوازية" بشكل لطيف.

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    ◀︎ "كل رجال الباشا": السلطة والجيش والحداثة ▶︎

    🔗 https://revsoc.me/theory/36404/ 🔗

    💬 عن كتاب خالد فهمي اللي بيتكلم عن تاريخ مصر الحديث بس من وجهة نظرنا احنا، مش الطبقة الحاكمة.

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    ◀︎دور العمل في تحوّل القرد إلى إنسان : فريدريك أنجلز – Frederick Engels: The Part played by Labour in the Transition from Ape to Man ▶︎

    🔗 English: https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1876/part-played-labour 🔗

    🔗 عربي: https://post2modernisme.blogspot.com/2016/12/blog-post_49.html 🔗

    💬 إنجلز دة برنس وللأسف مش واخد حقه خالص (احنا برضو اتنططنا عليه حبتين في حلقة "شر لا بد منه" 😬). ده مقال صغير بيشرح تطور جسم البني أدم و"تحرر" الإيدين وظهور العمل كعنصر أساسي فينا. حدوتة جميلة، واحنا كبشر متهانين ومحرومين من حقنا في العمل الهادف والجماعي.

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    ◀︎ When We First Walked ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3bFtotU0of4 🔗

    💬 فيديو بيشرح اكتشاف مهم فشخ: احنا اتعلمنا نمشي قبل ما نبقى أذكياء. مخنا تطور بعديها بكثير. وعلشان كدة بنقول الإيد علمت العقل، مش العكس.

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    ◀︎ The Agricultural Revolution: Crash Course World History #1 ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yocja_N5s1I 🔗

    💬 تاريخ البشرية والتركيز على اكتشاف الزراعة وازاي حياتنا اتغيرت تمامًا، بشكل مبسط. عظيم! كمان بيركز على أسلوب حياتنا ومزايا المجتمع البدائي.

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    ◀︎ Indus Valley Civilization: Crash Course World History #2 ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7ndRwqJYD 🔗

    💬 بدايات الحضارات، والمجتمعات الطبقية. وازاي تاريخنا عبارة عن تعاون، مش منافسة.

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    ◀︎ Ancient Egypt: Crash Course World History #4 ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3Wvw6BivVI 🔗

    💬 حدوتة الفراعنة، وازاي ظهروا وازاي عمروا كدة. وبيوري ازاي فائض الإنتاج بنى "الحضارة". وكمان سيطرة الفراعنة على الشعوب. بيعترف من الأول إن تاريخنا بيتحكي من وجهة نظر الطبقة الحاكمة، وقال إنه هيحاول يحكي تاريخ شعبي، وللأسف طبعًا بيحاول ياخد موقف محايد ويقولك إننا هنبص من جميع وجهات النظر، بس احنا مش فريقين زي بعض متخانقين، احنا تاريخنا كله قلة سارقة الفلوس والسلطة، وبقيتنا كلنا بنقاوم علشان نتحرر.

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    ◀︎ For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/10/08/first-time-history-us-billionaires-paid-lower-tax-rate-than-working-class-last-year/ 🔗

    💬 يعني قمة البجاحة إن مش بس الأغنياء أغنياء قوي قوي، وبيدفعوا ضرائب زي بقيتنا، دة وصل الحال إنهم بيدفعوا ضرائب أقل من عامة الشعب! انت متخيل؟!

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    ◀︎ Egypt: Timeline of History & Culture ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.cemml.colostate.edu/cultural/09476/egypt02-01enl.html 🔗

    💬 تذكير لأهم الأحداث في تاريخ مصر.

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    ◀︎ تاريخ مصر – ويكيبيديا ▶︎

    🔗 https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/تاريخ_مصر 🔗

    💬 ملخص لذيذ علشان ننظم أفكارنا، مين جه قبل مين وكدة.

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    ◀︎ Colonialism: WTF? Introduction to colonialism and imperialism ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VO1jse1Vt1g 🔗

    💬 طالب جامعي إنجليزي زي الورد بيلخص قصة العبودية والاستعمار، ازاي بدأوا وكانوا عايزين إيه وسيطروا ازاي. وطبعًا بيوضح ليه مصطلح "اكتشاف" أمريكا دة بلح ووصف استعماري في حد ذاته. هنبقى نعمل حلقة مخصوص.

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    ◀︎ Why Did Europeans Enslave Africans ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opUDFaqNgXc 🔗

    💬 فيديو جامد فشخ عن تاريخ العبودية وازاي الطبقات الحاكمة الأوروبية فشخوا العالم. الموضوع عميق ومعقد بس الست دي بتشرح الحوار كله بشكل جميل في أقل من ١٠ دقائق. والسؤال المهم: إشمعنى الأفارقة؟

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    ◀︎ 500 Years of European Colonialism ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrNqDfK0uw4 🔗

    💬 الاستعمار: خريطة العالم ماشية سنة بسنة من ١٤٩٢ لغاية ١٩٩٢ (٥٠٠ سنة). بيبان بالألوان ازاي مجموعة صغيرة من الطبقات الحاكمة الأوروبية احتلت العالم وبنيت "الحضارة" الجميلة بتاعتها، والثروات الغنية اللي بتذلنا بيها.

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    ◀︎ Global Millionaires—Just 0.9% of Population—Now Own Nearly Half of World's $361 Trillion in Wealth, Study Shows ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/10/22/global-millionaires-just-09-population-now-own-nearly-half-worlds-361-trillion 🔗

    💬 آخر دراسة عن الفرق المخيف ما بين الأغنياء والفقراء.

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    ◀︎ Global wealth report – Credit Suisse ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.credit-suisse.com/about-us/en/reports-research/global-wealth-report.html 🔗

    💬 التقرير المفصل بتاع توزيع الثروات. أو قلة توزيع الثروات. في فيديو في وسط الصفحة بيلخص نتائج البحث.

  • Reply RevSoc TV تلفزيون الاشتراكي November 1, 2019 at 12:35 pm

    باقي المصادر
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    ◀︎ Colonialism – Wikipedia ▶︎

    🔗 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonialism 🔗

    💬 الاستعمار دة حوار أكبر مني ومنك، بس صفحة الويكيبيديا دي بداية كويسة للموضوع لأنها بتلخص إيه اللي حصل ومين احتل مين وكدة.

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    ◀︎ The British Empire is ‘something to be proud of’ | YouGov ▶︎

    🔗 https://yougov.co.uk/topics/politics/articles-reports/2014/07/26/britain-proud-its-empire 🔗

    💬 البيض النهاردة بيقعدوا يقولوا إن خلاص زمن الاستعمار انتهى والدول بقيت مستقلة ومسؤولة عن مشاكلها. واستبيان زي دة بيفضح كم الإنجليز اللي بيفتخروا بالاستعمار واللي مقتنعين إن الدول المحتلة استفادت. فعلًا الخطاب السائد بتاع الطبقة الحاكمة مسيطر تمامًا.

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    ◀︎ Just 100 companies responsible for 71% of global emissions, study says ▶︎

    🔗 https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2017/jul/10/100-fossil-fuel-companies-investors-responsible-71-global-emissions-cdp-study-climate-change 🔗

    💬 أهم حاجة الشلمو مايبقاش بلاستيك وماتستخدمش اكياس كثير..ومش لازم تركز مع الكم الشركة اللي مسؤولين بشكل أساسي عن تغير البيئة وخليك في نفسك. الخبر دة مهم فشخ بس للأسف الخطاب السائد مخلي الموضوع شخصي بس.

  • Reply محمود خيال November 1, 2019 at 12:54 pm

    كام انت فشيخ ياطأطأ

  • Reply Nouran Hatem November 1, 2019 at 1:19 pm

    عاش يا شلبي

  • Reply mouhammed November 1, 2019 at 1:41 pm

    حلقة رائعة

  • Reply ahmed fathy ahmedfathy November 1, 2019 at 2:14 pm

    الايمان بادم عليه السلام وخلقه من العقيده واي كلام تاني يبقى خارج عن الدين

  • Reply حبيبي حنان وبس November 1, 2019 at 2:29 pm

    كلام اهبل

  • Reply Khalid Hisham November 1, 2019 at 3:07 pm

    اسم الاغنية ؟!

  • Reply mohamed abdalrahman November 1, 2019 at 3:16 pm

    ديموقراطية أماكن العمل ممكن تنجح

  • Reply TheMatron'sMilitia November 1, 2019 at 4:31 pm

    No subtitles yet:( the only word I caught was "a little bit of"

  • Reply كلمه حق November 1, 2019 at 4:52 pm

    بص يا شلبى انت برنسسسسسسسسس فششششششخ وانا تقريبا متفق معاك بنسبه 90% بس فيه نقطتين مختلف معاك فيهم وهما 1-انا مش مقتنع بهبل التطور وهجصه ولاسباب كتير 2-الفتح الاسلامى لمصر مكانش طبقى لكن كان تحرير من استبداد الامبراطوريه الرومانيه وصحيح بعد كده ايام الامويين والعباسيين وهلم جرا الدنيا اتشقلبت وبقى تسلط على قفا الناس لكنها مكنتش كده من الاول ايام عمرو بن العاص وده راىى

  • Reply Anas Abdelsalam November 1, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    من مدة كنت بقرا عن حدث الفتنة في عهد عثمان بن عفان وقرات عن خروج الثوار من مصر والعراق ومدن تانية

    بس ملقتش مصادر ، وشلبي في الحلقة اتكلم عن جزء الطبقة الحاكمة في العهد الاسلامي فلو فيه مصادر في الجزءية دي يبقى فل اوي

  • Reply Mostafa Fareed November 1, 2019 at 6:36 pm

    بجد انت محتواك عظيم فشخ

  • Reply منار ادريس November 1, 2019 at 8:08 pm

    سبحان الله. واديني خرجت.

  • Reply Aboelenein November 1, 2019 at 9:00 pm

    جميل, بس إحنا منعرفش مين و ليه, إذاي أو إمتي الأهرامات أتبنت 😅

  • Reply Omar Mahmoud November 2, 2019 at 1:40 am

    عظيم كالعاده♥

  • Reply ahmed samir November 2, 2019 at 2:54 am

    الله ينفتح ليك يا شلبوكه

  • Reply محمد محمود November 2, 2019 at 12:12 pm

    فين ان جيوش المسلمين حاربت علشان طبقة حاكمة معينة ؟

    و السؤال هنا كلامك عن ان الفراعنة استعبدوا الناس جايبه منين برده ؟

    انا مش هتكلم عن التطور باعتبار أنه مش تخصصي و أنه مخالف للدين بس خلينا في السؤالين اللي فوق

  • Reply ABDELRAHMAN November 2, 2019 at 8:13 pm

    بتتاخر في الفيديوهات ليه يا شلبي؟

  • Reply Ziad El-Hammad November 2, 2019 at 11:30 pm

    دلوقت فهمت الدكتور لما قال discovering money caused the division of labor

  • Reply TheMatron'sMilitia November 3, 2019 at 2:24 am

    Corporations definitely need to be held accountable for their impact on the environment, and it is true that the average person doesn't really have the economic agency to live a completely sustainable life. We cannot however completely dismiss the environmental impact of our own decisions. Animal agriculture is the leading contributor of methane emissions, deforestation, and ocean dead zones. Animal agriculture emits more greenhouse gases than the entire transportation sector. It takes 1/8th as much land and 1/5th as much water to grow a vegan diet over a standard American diet. Anybody who has enough economic agency to make food decisions at all can go vegan, and has a moral imperative to do so.

  • Reply Ameen Shkur November 3, 2019 at 7:31 pm

    اضحك مع كارتون الاب الامريكي
    https://youtu.be/ovPGYPzpbWk

  • Reply rohym pop November 4, 2019 at 1:13 am

    الله ينور يا ابو الاشلاب انا مش عارف ازاي معندكش مليون فيو على القليله

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