Articles, Blog

Thomas Jefferson & His Democracy: Crash Course US History #10

November 3, 2019


Hi I’m John Green, this is Crash Course US History, and today we’re going to discuss Thomas Jefferson. We’re going to learn about how America became
a thriving nation of small, independent farmers, eschewing manufacturing and world trade, and becoming the richest and most powerful nation in the world in the 19th century, all thanks to the vision of Thomas Jefferson, the greatest and most intellectually consistent Founding Father, who founded the University of Virginia and grew 20 varieties of peas at Monticello. Me From the Past, get to your desk! In a stunning turn of events, Me From the Past is an
idiot and Jefferson is more complicated than that. [Theme Music] So in 1800, Thomas Jefferson, pictured here – this is the third time that we’ve featured Thomas Jefferson on the chalkboard, so we had to go a little Warhol on it. Right, so, Jefferson, the Republican, ran
against John Adams, the Federalist. 1800 was the first election where both parties
ran candidates and actually campaigned. And, surprisingly, the Federalist’s elitist strategy of “vote for Adams because he’s better than you” did not work. Now, both parties realize that it was important to coordinate their electoral strategy to make sure that the vice presidential candidate got at least one fewer electoral votes than the presidential candidate. But then the Republican elector who was supposed to throw his vote away forgot to, so there ended up being a tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr. As per the Constitution, the election went to the House of Representatives, where it took 36 ballots and the intervention of Alexander Hamilton before Jefferson was finally named president. Incidentally, Burr and Hamilton really disliked each other, and not in like, the passive-aggressive way that politicians dislike each other these days, but in the four-years-later-they-would-have-a-duel-and-Burr-killed-Hamilton kind of way. A duel which occurred, wait for it, in New
Jersey. But anyway, shortly after the election of 1800, the 12th Amendment was passed, making the Electoral College simpler, but not as simple as, say, you know, one person’s vote counting as one vote. Anyway, complain about the Electoral College all you want, but without it, we would never have had President Rutherford B. Hayes, and just look at that beard! So Jefferson became president and his election showed that Americans wanted a more democratic politics, where common people were more free to express their opinions. The Federalists were never really a threat again in presidential politics. And, arguably, the best thing that John Adams ever did was transfer power in an orderly and honorable way to his rival, Jefferson. Jefferson’s campaign slogan was “Jefferson and Liberty,” but the liberty in question was severely limited. Only a fraction of white men were allowed to vote and, of course, there was no liberty for the slaves. There’s a lot of contentious debate on the subject of Jefferson and slavery, but here’s my two cents, which I should not be allowed to contribute because we should only round to the nearest nickel, which, by the way, features Thomas Jefferson. So Thomas Jefferson was a racist and he wrote about black people’s inherent inferiority to whites and Native Americans, and the fact that he fathered children with one of his slaves doesn’t change that. George Washington freed his slaves
upon his death. Well, sort of. They were supposed to be freed upon his wife’s death, but living in a house full of people who were waiting for you to die made Martha want to free them while she was still alive. But with few exceptions, Jefferson didn’t free his slaves upon his death and throughout his life, he used the sale of slaves to finance his lavish lifestyle. And this leads to two big philosophical questions
when it comes to history. First, if Jefferson clearly did not think that black people were the intellectual or moral equals of whites and was perfectly comfortable keeping them in bondage, then what does the most important phrase of the Declaration of Independence actually mean? And the second question is even broader: Does it matter if a person of tremendous historical
importance had terrible aspects to their character? Does being a bad person diminish your accomplishments? I don’t have a great answer for those questions, but I will tell you that no remembers Richard Nixon for starting the EPA. But this is very important to understand: Slaves were aware of concept of liberty and they wanted it. So in addition to an election, 1800 also saw
one of the first large-scale slave uprisings. Gabriel’s Rebellion was organized by a Richmond, Virginia blacksmith who hoped to seize the capital, kill some of its inhabitants, and hold the rest hostage until his demands for abolition were met. But the plot was discovered before they could carry it out and Gabriel, along with 25 other slaves, was hanged. But after the rebellion, Virginians, if they didn’t know it already, were very aware that slaves wanted and expected liberty. And the response was predictable: Virginia
made its laws concerning slaves much harsher. It became illegal for slaves to meet in groups on Sundays unless supervised by whites, and it became much more difficult for whites to legally free their slaves. Oh, it’s time for the Mystery Document? The rules here are simple: Identify the author, no shock;
fail to identify the author, shock. “The love of freedom, sir, is an inborn sentiment,
which the god of nature has planted deep in the heart: long may it be kept under by the arbitrary
institutions of society; but, at the first favorable moment, it springs forth,
and flourishes with a vigour that defies all check. This celestial spark, which fires the breast of the savage, which glows in that of the philosopher, is not extinguished in the bosom of the slave. It may be buried in the embers; but it still lives;
and the breath of knowledge kindles it to flame. Thus we find, sir, there have never been slaves in any country who have not seized the first favorable opportunity to revolt.” I mean, from the bit at the beginning about the love of freedom, it seems like it could be Jefferson, but the rest does not seem like Jefferson. Probably wasn’t a slave, since they were denied access to education precisely because the “breath of knowledge” is so dangerous to the institution of slavery. Oh, this is looking pretty bleak for me, Stan.
Mmmmmm. John Jay? [buzzing noise] Dang it! Who was it? George Tucker?! Who the John C. Calhoun is George Tucker?! Is there a person watching this who knew that
it was George Tucker? Fine! [electricity noise] Gah! Apparently George Tucker was a member of the General Assembly of Virginia and the Mystery Document was a description of Gabriel’s Rebellion that suggested a solution to the inherent problem of rebellious slaves. He argued that we should set up a colony for them in Indian territory in Georgia, which, of course, also wouldn’t have worked because we were soon to steal that territory. But back to Jefferson. His idea was to make the government smaller, lower taxes, shrink the military, and make it possible for America to become a bucolic, agrarian, empire of liberty, rather than an English-style, industrial, mercantile, nightmare landscape. So how did he do?
Well, really well at first. Jefferson got rid of all the taxes, except
for the tariff, especially the Whiskey Tax. And then, when he woke up with a terrible, cheap whiskey-induced hangover, he paid off part of the national debt. He shrunk the army and the navy, and basically made sure that America wouldn’t become a centralized, English-style state for at least the next 60 years. Low taxes and small government sounds great,
but no navy? That would be tough, especially when we needed ships and marines to fight the Barbary pirates “on the shores of Tripoli,” who kept capturing our ships in the Mediterranean and enslaving their crews. This is yet another example of how foreign affairs
keeps getting in the way of domestic priorities; in this case, the domestic priority of not
wanting to spend money on a navy. Also, vitally, Jefferson’s presidency really marks the last time in history when a Republican president didn’t want to spend money on the military. Don’t get me wrong: Democrats can do it too.
I’m looking at you, LBJ. As much as he wanted to get rid of any trace of the Federalists, Jefferson found himself thwarted by that imminently conservative and undemocratic institution: the Supreme Court. Jefferson appointed Republicans to most government positions, but he couldn’t do anything about the Supreme Court because they serve for life. And since the country was only like, 12 years
old, they were all still pretty fresh. Most important among them was Chief Justice
John Marshall, who happened to be a Federalist. Marshall was Chief Justice basically forever and is, without question, the most important figure in the history of the Supreme Court. He wrote a number of key opinions, but none was more important than the 1803 decision in Marbury v. Madison. Marbury v. Madison is so important because in that decision, the Supreme Court gave itself the power of judicial review, which allows it to uphold or invalidate federal laws. The Court then extended this power to state laws in Fletcher v. Peck and eventually even to executive actions. Like, we think of the main job of the Supreme Court being to declare laws unconstitutional, but that power isn’t anywhere in the Constitution itself. Marbury v. Madison gave the Court that power and without it, the Supreme Court would probably be a footnote in American history. So unlike Marshall, Jefferson and the Republicans
were big proponents of strict construction: the idea that the Constitution should be read as literally as possible as way of limiting the power of the federal government. The problem is, there might be things the government wants to do that the Constitution didn’t account for, like, for instance, buying a large tract of land from Napoleon, who, as we remember from Crash Course World History, complicates everything. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. So yeah, Jefferson basically doubled the size of the US in what came to be known as the Louisiana Purchase. Napoleon was eager to sell it, because the rebellion in Haiti had soured him on the whole idea of colonies, and also because he needed money. Jefferson wanted to purchase New Orleans because western farmers were shipping their products through the city and when he approached France about this, Napoleon was like, “Hey! How bout I sell you, this!” Jefferson couldn’t turn down that deal, so he bought the whole kit and caboodle for $15 million, which is worth about $250 million today. To put that into perspective, a new aircraft carrier
costs about $4.5 billion, so he got a good deal. What’s the problem with this? Well, nothing if you believe in a powerful government that can do stuff that’s not in the Constitution. But if you’re a strict Constructionist like Jefferson, you have to reconcile this obviously beneficial act with there being no mention in the Constitution of the president being able to purchase land in order to expand the size of the US. So laying scruple aside, Jefferson bought Louisiana and then sent Lewis and Clark to explore it, which they did, even going beyond the boundaries of the Purchase all the way to the Pacific. And this was so cool that it almost makes us forget that it was kind of unconstitutional and a huge power grab for the president. So the question is: why did he do it? Jefferson’s desire to increase the size of the
country prompted Federalists to complain that, “We are to give money, of which we have too
little, for land, of which we already have too much.” By doubling the size of the country, Jefferson could ensure that there would be enough land for every white man to have his own small farm. And this, in turn, would ensure that Americans
would remain independent and virtuous. Because only a small farmer who doesn’t have to depend on the market for food or shelter or anything really (well, except slaves), can be truly independent, and thus capable of participating in a nation of free men. Thanks, Thought Bubble. And this desire to create a nation of independent farmers producing only primary products helps explains Jefferson’s other incredibly controversial policy: the embargo. Jefferson imposed the embargo in order to punish Britain for its practice of impressing American sailors, as well as its blockade of France, with whom Britain was once again, or possibly just still, at war. So basically, Jefferson wanted free trade among nations and his solution was to get Congress to forbid all American ships from sailing to foreign ports. The theory was that the British were so dependent on American primary products, like wood and cotton, that if we cut off trade with them, the British would stop impressing American sailors and end their blockade. What’s the connection between free trade and
Jefferson’s agrarian ideal? Well, the idea was that America would trade its primary products for Europe’s manufactured goods, so that the US wouldn’t have to develop any manufacturing capacity of its own. Alas, or perhaps fortunately, this did not
work. For one thing, Britain and France were too busy fighting each other even to notice America’s embargo. So they just continued blockading and impressing. Also, the embargo devastated the American
economy. I mean, exports dropped by 80%. Furthermore, not being able to import European manufactured goods only served to spur American manufacturing. I mean, Jefferson might have wanted Americans to be a bunch of self-sufficient farmers, but Americans wanted European manufactured stuff, like teapots and clocks and microwaves. Well, then how did they cook stuff, Stan? And if they couldn’t get that stuff from Britain,
they would just make it themselves. So in terms of Jefferson’s agrarian ideal,
the embargo was a massive failure. And lastly, the embargo limited the power of the federal government about as much as crystal meth limits cavities. I mean, imposing the embargo was a colossal use of federal power and it was also an imposition on people’s liberties. The problem the embargo was supposed to solve didn’t go away and, as we’ll discuss next week, it eventually led to the US’s first declared war. For now, I want to leave you with this: Thomas Jefferson is revered and reviled in almost equal measure in American history. The Declaration of Independence, which he mainly drafted, is a signal achievement delineating some heroic ideas for the founding of the United States, but also embedding some of its crucial shortcomings. And Jefferson’s presidency is like that too. He claimed to champion small government, but he enlarged federal power more than Washington or Adams ever did. He imagined an agrarian republic, but his
policies led to increased manufacturing. He wanted to foster freedom, but he owned
slaves and took land from the Indians. In the end, Jefferson’s life and policies encapsulate the best and the worst of us, which is why his presidency is still worth studying closely. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller. Our script supervisor is Meredith Danko. The associate producer is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my high school history
teacher, Raoul Meyer, and myself. And our graphics team is Thought Cafe. If you have questions about today’s video, please ask them in comments, where they’ll be answered by our team of historians and we’re also accepting submissions for the Libertage Captions. Thank you for watching Crash Course and, as we say in my hometown: don’t forget to be awesome. Oh! That was a fake out, it’s going this way!

100 Comments

  • Reply Exodia Exodia April 8, 2019 at 2:06 am

    Just want to thank you so much for this video. I truly helped me understand Jefferson era!

  • Reply Griffin Chalem April 15, 2019 at 4:43 am

    Jefferson wasn’t a republican he was a democratic republican

  • Reply Kaylee Dork April 17, 2019 at 1:47 pm

    2:00 I thought he said behave and I was like.. " your not my real dad! "

  • Reply Rihanna Cruz April 23, 2019 at 6:34 pm

    ᴹᵞ ᴴᴱᴬᴿᵀ ᴶᵁˢᵀ ᴰᴵᴱᴰ ᴮᴱᶜᴬᵁˢᴱ ᴴᴱ ᵂᴬˢ ᴬ ᴿᴬᶜᴵˢᵀ.

  • Reply John Hartnett April 23, 2019 at 11:36 pm

    The 2 dollar founding father who got a lot farther by working his slaves a lot harder

  • Reply xtopher foster April 24, 2019 at 3:16 am

    Actually mr. Green Thomas Jefferson was a democratic-republican there's no such thing as only the Republican Party back then

  • Reply xtopher foster April 24, 2019 at 3:27 am

    actually the first clock in America was made by Benjamin Banneker

  • Reply Aiden Gatton April 25, 2019 at 2:28 pm

    "just look at that beard"

  • Reply James Phelps April 28, 2019 at 1:40 pm

    Ap us history exam brought me here

  • Reply Infinitely Unremarkable April 29, 2019 at 1:37 pm

    I’m currently 6 minutes away from an APUSH exam and watching these on 2x speed and I think I can hear colors now

  • Reply Elijah Ford April 30, 2019 at 2:04 am

    Down with the electoral collage!

  • Reply ANIcast May 1, 2019 at 12:12 am

    “The election of 1800…
    Can we get back to politics?
    Please?”

  • Reply Yen Feng May 3, 2019 at 12:54 pm

    Thomas Jefferson believed in a Republic not Democracy. Thats why he always called america a constitutional republic since its foundation.

  • Reply Ivana May 3, 2019 at 10:07 pm

    Okay so is anybody gonna mention the latest ocurrence of the Electoral College going against the general vote or

  • Reply WALLAROO May 5, 2019 at 8:18 am

    Jefferson's blockade may have been a folly at the time, but like Seward's Folly, it turned out correct in the end. A fortunate outcome, that would birth the greatest industrial age nation on the planet. The Logical Orders of Operation is a quirky thing…

  • Reply J Walk May 5, 2019 at 4:55 pm

    Republicans didn't exist in Jefferson's days

  • Reply becca moses May 5, 2019 at 7:39 pm

    there’s a fuckedt ad that played before this that started w “are you getting ready to fail the ap us history exam and disappointment your family and friends and everyone who loves you”
    Jesus Christ bro chill tf out

  • Reply Audrey the cat nerd May 6, 2019 at 10:48 am

    “A duel that occurred W A I T F O R I T” John Green predicted Hamilton the musical.

  • Reply Erica Herrera May 6, 2019 at 11:39 pm

    I see that arrested development reference you sly fox

  • Reply Margaux Bouniol May 7, 2019 at 2:39 am

    I'm from New Jersey and it's really not that bad here. I feel frequently attacked

  • Reply moodist 1er May 8, 2019 at 1:42 pm

    Thomas Jefferson was a profiteering hypocrite and a psychopath. The founding fathers should have their bodies exhumed and put on display in humiliating positions behind glass as a vitruvian display in the evil virtue of greedy ambition.

  • Reply Diane Taylor May 8, 2019 at 11:18 pm

    Irritating presentation

  • Reply Daniel Makarenko May 9, 2019 at 9:54 pm

    did anyone else get that ad before these videos that goes "are you ready to fail your ap us history exam and disappoint your family and everyone you love", damn thanks for reassuring me w that the day before the apush test💀💀

  • Reply Derek Mayers-Louther May 9, 2019 at 11:42 pm

    EPA sounds like a Jimmy carter thing im sorry.

  • Reply Derek Mayers-Louther May 9, 2019 at 11:45 pm

    what about BusH and Nixon Not wanting to spend money on the millitary.

  • Reply Benjamin Fyke May 9, 2019 at 11:55 pm

    go apush

  • Reply Anna Fed241 May 10, 2019 at 12:51 am

    Democratic republicans and republicans are NOT the same

  • Reply john shaugh May 10, 2019 at 12:53 am

    I like your jab at the electoral college. Maybe you should do a video on its importance in giving people throughout the country a voice in elections.

  • Reply Ayo Adeniran May 10, 2019 at 4:28 am

    Any juniors cramming for apush??

  • Reply Schmuck Puppet May 13, 2019 at 10:12 pm

    This video is disingenuous at the very least and perhaps even deceptive. While it may be true that not all of Jefferson's decisions were consistent with his professed beliefs, you have to at least mention the financial system of early America in order to put the political situation that Jefferson found himself in in perspective. George Washington created a national bank and Jefferson and Madison opposed the renewal of that charter. The right to the issuance of legal tender is enormously important in any economy and Jefferson jeopardized the money cartel's early attempts at monopolization. Forget about all this ethical and moral stuff about slavery; this is about money. That's why Britain attacked the US in 1812: they wanted to bully them into accepting a new banking charter.

  • Reply James Grant May 16, 2019 at 10:49 am

    demacratic republakin

  • Reply Pwease Why May 19, 2019 at 2:23 am

    Is anyone here because of Hamilton. Also can you please do a video on Alexander Hamilton please.

  • Reply Poland Spring May 20, 2019 at 3:29 am

    The phrase "All men are created equal" is meant to talk about social classes. It was a direct attack on king George III. In laimens terms it said " hey George you're not better than us". The phrase didn't mean that all races were equal because.That wasn't the contravercial topic of the era. That would come around 60 years later.
    The man believed slaves were inferior because of his love for books and reading. His slaves were illiterate and he saw that as 'inferior'. He wasn't racist, he hated uneducated peoples; which ,unfortunately, was mostly black people. His "racism" wasn't like the civil war color-of-your-skin kind, it was educationally structured.

  • Reply Samia Atiq May 24, 2019 at 4:37 am

    You like Bts?

  • Reply RyanTand AbiN May 28, 2019 at 4:24 pm

    I knew it was gerorege tucker! SIKE

  • Reply Ver Jonez May 31, 2019 at 6:32 pm

    2:24 Is Jefferson tryin to cop a feel?

  • Reply John Laurens June 2, 2019 at 8:51 am

    waitforit

  • Reply Prometheus June 11, 2019 at 10:53 pm

    BUTTON YOUR F*CKING SHIRT!

  • Reply Mr. C June 25, 2019 at 7:37 pm

    What's with the "wait for it" line in the duel taking place in NJ?

  • Reply Svetoslav Savov June 26, 2019 at 10:18 am

    i like how Tomas Jefferson reaches for liberty open bob 😛

  • Reply QueenofRoses June 26, 2019 at 3:09 pm

    Everything is legal in New Jersey

  • Reply Мирослав Божков June 28, 2019 at 5:25 pm

    how come Napoleon owned the lands west of the US? I did not catch that

  • Reply Drakus July 4, 2019 at 3:04 am

    No mention that Jefferson ended the Atlantic Slave trade, or that he ended slavery in the North. Just "Jefferson is racist. Jefferson is pro-slavery, oh and he's a Republican". Jefferson was probably the most pro-freedom president we ever had. He did more to end slavery worldwide than any other American President. And he was a Democratic Republican, not the same party as the GOP Republican Party of today that started in 1862.

  • Reply Aryan Hegde July 4, 2019 at 2:02 pm

    Jefferson: "All men are created equal"
    Feminists: Am I a joke to you

  • Reply Aryan Hegde July 4, 2019 at 4:16 pm

    Was Jefferson low-key a communist?

  • Reply Maston_Artin July 4, 2019 at 5:08 pm

    He was a great man with great personal flaws. I am reminded of what Walt Whitman said, "Do I contradict myself? Very well, then I contradict myself, I am large, I contain multitudes."

  • Reply Bill Boyd July 5, 2019 at 3:40 am

    Hmm – does Mr Green think all people are equal? Considering how he treats me from the past, you can easily see the answer is "No".

  • Reply Andrew C. July 6, 2019 at 11:21 pm

    Not enough contextualizing. You can't time travel 250 years back in time and simplistically hold someone else to today's enlightened standards. We can wonder why Jefferson maintained slaves while preaching equality, but we should also know that his compatriots voted him down on a few occasions. He was part of a paradigm shift, but he was also a part of the old paradigm.

  • Reply cheezoncrack1 July 7, 2019 at 5:17 pm

    Why do liberals ignore that slavery was before major industrialization.

  • Reply US Election Center July 11, 2019 at 4:44 pm

    3:11 Make more things about race and culture, and much more things will make sense.

    "The men who wrote the words, ‘we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,’ were themselves the owners of slaves, and despised Indians as something less than human. Equality in their minds meant merely that they were just as good Englishmen as their brothers across the sea."

    -Madison Grant, The Passing of the Great Race

  • Reply Dan Danimal July 11, 2019 at 4:51 pm

    love me some "keppler extract of malt"

  • Reply jlrapid July 12, 2019 at 12:53 am

    This is so false that it is sickening. Claiming as fact that he fathered children with Sally Hemings shows how badly motivated you are or, at best, completely ignorant. Look up how they had to issue a retraction to the original story claiming that Jefferson fathered children with her. Also, someone actually being intellectually honest couldn’t really come to such a conclusion that he was so anti-black knowing that the longest grievance in the original draft of the Declaration was Jefferson criticizing the King for slavery, knowing that he introduced bills to abolish slavery in his official roles in government, and knowing how often he wrote of the horror of slavery in his letters. Research more, but consider the following for starters:

    The first draft of the Declaration of Independence was full of anti-slavery remarks. He stated that King George III “has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating and carrything them into slavery in another hemisphere as to incur miserable death in the transportation thither…Determined to keep open a market where men should be bought and sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit as to restrain this execrable commerce.”

    “Where the disease [slavery] is most deeply seated, there it will be slowest in eradication. In the northern States, it was merely superficial and easily corrected. In the southern, it is incorporated with the whole system and requires time, patience, and perseverance in the curative process.” Thomas Jefferson

    By the time of Jefferson’s death in 1826, State laws had so stiffened that it had become virtually impossible for Jefferson to use the same means as George Washington did to free his slaves.

    “President Jefferson was accused of having fathered a child, Tom, by Sally Hemings. Tom was said to have been born in 1790, soon after Jefferson and Sally Hemings returned from France where he had been minister. Present-day members of the African-American Woodson family believe that Thomas Jefferson was the father of Thomas Woodson, whose name comes from his later owner. No known documents support this view“

    Herbert Barger, the Jefferson family historian and genealogist who assisted in the original DNA study for Nature (and who strenuously objected to the conclusions published in the original story) explained: “My study indicates to me that Thomas Jefferson was not the father of Eston or any other Hemings child. The study indicates that Randolph [Thomas’ younger brother] is possibly the father of Eston and the others. Randolph, named for his maternal Randolph family, was a widower and between wives when, shortly after his wife’s death, Sally became pregnant with her first child. . . . She continued having children until 1808 when Eston was born. Randolph Jefferson would marry his second wife the next year, 1809. . . . [Significantly, t]hree of Sally Hemings’ children, Harriet, Beverly and Eston (the latter two not common names), were given names of the Randolph family.”

  • Reply Jonathan C July 14, 2019 at 7:29 am

    Jefferson did not free his slaves because he was hoping for an Emancipation deal that would allow him to get a recompense. Otherwise 95% of his wealth would simply disappear.

  • Reply Santiago Nigro July 15, 2019 at 11:46 pm

    I love Thomas Jefferson Ideas! Juan Bautista Alberdi was our Thomas Jefferson.

  • Reply LEEboneisDaMan July 17, 2019 at 6:28 am

    90% of the comments are people saying that 90% of he comments are Hamilton lyrics.

  • Reply Robert Lowry July 21, 2019 at 12:37 pm

    What a schmuk.

  • Reply Alex Badillo July 21, 2019 at 3:31 pm

    Sounds like a white apologists version of history.

  • Reply Er Sturdevant July 21, 2019 at 8:48 pm

    Jefferson pointed out differences between races. He acknowledged that all races were human. Not racist.

  • Reply Maria Cargille July 22, 2019 at 9:06 pm

    I actually recognized the Mystery Document, for once! We used it in our AP Lang class, and it was one of my favorite texts. 🙂

  • Reply T-rex Gamer101 July 23, 2019 at 8:37 am

    Doesn't mention that pirates were Muslim

  • Reply SSArcher11 July 23, 2019 at 11:47 pm

    Sigh . . . . Jefferson's party was the Democratic-Republican Party and Andrew Jackson shortened the name to Democratic Party. The Democratic Party continues to celebrate Jefferson-Jackson Day. Jefferson was a small "r" republican, not a Republican.
    Also, I don't think Jefferson's failings regarding race made him a terrible person, or anything like that. He merely lacked the modern enlightenment on the subject, along with many others.

  • Reply Andrew Nibbi July 26, 2019 at 10:19 pm

    I can’t read anything Jefferson wrote without hearing it in Daveed Diggs’ voice

  • Reply Jonathan Mort July 27, 2019 at 1:31 am

    Yeah, he was such an important figure in our history, yet a racist

  • Reply jayda jones July 30, 2019 at 5:51 pm

    Jefferson was a child molesting paedophile

  • Reply Hill Billy August 6, 2019 at 1:08 am

    and alas, nobody ever gets perfect.

  • Reply KING J-hope August 6, 2019 at 6:08 pm

    who would like to see burr vs trump in dual in…wait….new jersey

  • Reply Emir EC August 9, 2019 at 1:38 pm

    Very eye opening video

  • Reply Emanuel Martinez August 14, 2019 at 11:15 pm

    The U.S. could have negotiated with Spain, and agree to establish the following borders:

    – All land south of the 41st parallel north, west of the 97th meridian west, south of the 31st parallel north, east of the 86th meridian west, and the Gulf of Mexico south of the 26th parallel north (from the 97th meridian west to the 86th meridian west)

  • Reply Alexander Aquino August 26, 2019 at 8:21 am

    THIS IDIOT DOESN'T KNOW WHAT IT MEANS BECAUSE HE ASSUMED IT WAS APPLICABLE FOR THIS TIME.. "ALL MEN WERE CREATED EQUAL" THAT JEFFERSON WAS REFERRING WAS THE THE EQUALITY CONSIDERED AT THAT TIME.
    IT MEANS THAT ALL THE POWER SHOULD NOT ONLY FOR THE PEOPLE IN ROYALTY OR PEOPLE WITH ROYAL BLOOD, BUT TO PEOPLE AT THAT TIME CONSIDERED AS CITIZENS. YAHH WHICH IS THE MALE WHITE MAN.

  • Reply Crimdoesstuff September 7, 2019 at 2:04 am

    Crash course is actually pretty interesting when you dont have to write down 10 facts while John talks super fast.

  • Reply Truth Hurts September 9, 2019 at 4:43 am

    Only White Male taxpayers should be allowed to vote. It's only right.

  • Reply Truth Hurts September 9, 2019 at 4:45 am

    :"Slaves wanted and expected liberty."
    Well then, I guess they shouldn't have allowed themselves to be so easily enslaved, and actually fought for their freedom as human beings have had to do since the beginning of time of humanity…..

  • Reply Truth Hurts September 9, 2019 at 4:51 am

    Talk badly about slavery all you like, at least during that time blacks had purpose and some worth, unlike now.

  • Reply rich whiteboii September 10, 2019 at 8:58 pm

    I wrote the constitution

  • Reply LostParadise September 11, 2019 at 4:09 am

    A testament to Crash Courses video production… look back at your favorite creator in 2013, if they were around. They were severely different, to the point where you may question why you even liked them. But Crash Course holds up in 2019, and hopefully will be a recommended source of quick, go-to knowledge for the next generation.

  • Reply Anthony Nguyen September 17, 2019 at 10:26 pm

    im here for here hamiltan not jefferson. admit it😌

  • Reply El Lobo September 21, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    Is Green, a Bernie bro?

  • Reply Noah Meadows September 25, 2019 at 1:17 pm

    Thomas Jefferson was like an angel yet a racist, I mean satan was an angel

  • Reply MisanthropyFerret September 27, 2019 at 11:12 am

    electoral college got you Hayes and Trump, lol. Still thinking it`s something good?

  • Reply William Etheridge September 28, 2019 at 1:56 am

    rubbish ….gone

  • Reply Chloe Peters September 29, 2019 at 1:03 pm

    Thomas Jefferson’s coming hOOooomME

  • Reply Silver Mink73181 September 30, 2019 at 5:05 am

    I have a quiz tomorrow on this lol

  • Reply MicrosoftAxell October 1, 2019 at 2:51 am

    Bruh I got this going at 2x and I’m still going too slow

  • Reply pixelninja3 October 4, 2019 at 3:15 am

    "Who the John C. Calhoun"

  • Reply prolancia turner October 8, 2019 at 2:53 pm

    i knew it was George tucker

  • Reply Luke Stefan October 8, 2019 at 9:48 pm

    I can't be the only Junior here studying for an AP test that's in 7 months instead of cramming

  • Reply Wilson Selzer October 9, 2019 at 2:52 am

    Every comment on here ever: ‘Like if you are cramming for the APUSH Exam tomorrow 😂’

  • Reply Nicolas Ellis October 10, 2019 at 2:26 pm

    I knew it was George tucker

  • Reply AL Moores October 11, 2019 at 7:38 pm

    1:37 the world was wide enough…

  • Reply Varkey Shawn October 14, 2019 at 11:41 pm

    Me from the past had us in the first half ngl

  • Reply noodlewhale October 17, 2019 at 3:56 am

    His conclusion of Jefferson is comparable to some democratic policies made by the democratic party today.

  • Reply Shannon October 21, 2019 at 1:32 pm

    Democrats today. Smh.

  • Reply Michael Correia October 22, 2019 at 2:02 pm

    ¯(ツ)/¯¯(ツ)/¯¯(ツ)/¯

  • Reply Pastel Cobra October 22, 2019 at 8:13 pm

    Oh APUSH …this test is going to suck!

  • Reply Lilac Lilac October 23, 2019 at 4:48 am

    These videos are really helpful! Thank you! 🙏

  • Reply manic man October 23, 2019 at 9:42 pm

    Thomas Jefferson was a Anti-Federalists. Not a Republican. How can anyone take you seriously if you can't get that right?

  • Reply EKB ASMR October 26, 2019 at 2:56 pm

    If you like John Green's History lessons like I do, you will probably like EKB ASMR geography videos.. The only difference is my videos are delivered in a calm, relaxing manner.. Lol. Tap on the link besides my profile pic to visit!!

  • Reply A. Ryan October 26, 2019 at 7:08 pm

    What does the important line mean? It's actually quite simple. Jefferson did not write those words to include blacks since blacks were mere property and were not even considered to be human beings. Therefore, when he wrote that all men are equal, blacks were not in this equation. The Founding Fathers did not write the Constitution to include members of different races.

  • Reply metal87power October 28, 2019 at 5:55 pm

    Apple does what? Where do you have fascists?

  • Reply Hector Estrada Jr October 31, 2019 at 5:17 pm

    Was he insinuating around the 2 minute mark that the electoral college is stupid and we should go to popular vote????? Yikes

  • Leave a Reply