Articles, Blog

The Revolution Energy Converter

November 7, 2019

Hi I’m Sophia Karlberg, managing director at nilsinside, and this illustrates a Carnot heat engine consisting of a gray cylinder which is a closed
system containing an ideal gas as a working
volume the cylinder has perfectly insulated
walls and a perfectly conducting base and
ideal and theoretical situation. It’s moving boundary on top is a perfectly
insulated and frictionless piston. The red body is the source maintained at a fixed
heigh temperature the sourse has infinite thermal capacity so any amount of heat can be taken out without changing the temperature of the
source. The blue body is an infinite sink at a lower
temperature. Any amount of heat can be added to it without changing its
temperature. In-between the source and the sink is a perfectly non-conducting area
Nil which thermally insulates the working volume inside the cylinder
from its surroundings. The working volume in the cylinder absorbs heat from source and rejects heat into the sink.
The pressure/volume changes moves the perfectly insulated friction
less piston. To get a continuous supply of work the working volume is
taken to a series of operations called the Carnot cycle. On the other
hand you need to add work to move the
cylinder back and forth in the cycle to the source position, nil position the sink, the nil position again and back over to the source to complete a Carnot cycle Let’s heighten our perspective and
introduce what I call the Carnot revolution. The Carnot revolution is a practical implementation of the
Carnot cycle that consumes less energy than the old forth and back thing. What could be better than moving the cylinder in a circle? The
heat flow to and from the cylinder is restricted by the area of the perfectly conducting
base. Better than inventing a cylinder with a perfectly conducting base and perfectly insulated walls and to
avoid fiction is moving just the gas! Simply! So now I’ll introduce the rotating shutter! The
shutter opening contains the gas of the working volume
and it exposes the working volume directly to the source surface, to nil surface, the sink surface, and the Nil surface again, and back to the source again to complete a Carnot cycle. Next step is not so easy to see, but we’ve
just skipped the restricted area! We have expanded the cylinder to include the
source, the sink, the shutter and in the nils inside the same volume, and connected an external moving boundary. In this new expanded system the working volume is always in direct contact with the
surface of the source, the sink and the insulation in-between the source and the sink. Always! Now we may use all possible area available within our system to transport heat directly to and from our working volume, and the perfectly insulating base is the
surface area of the insulation, nils inside. The shutter itself is never in contact with the surface.
There is always a very thin layer of gas between the
freely moving shutter and the surface, acting as an insulating lubricant. This thin layer contains only a very small fraction of the
working volume. Most of the gas is though in the opening of the rotating shutter. Now we see 3 separate closed systems each with its own working volume. You might connect each of these to their own double acting piston rotating the same
shaft to deliver an impressing steady torque! So what we now have seen is the unique Karlberg Energy converter with lots of area for heat
transfer to convert heat differences to power in big scale. Rotate the shutter with a controlled spin and it
simply transform heat differences into pressure pulses with the corresponding desired frequency. A moving boundary in form of a piston is only one of several options. This
Karlberg Energy Converter is a true sustainable
solution that you will see, not only in cars, trucks and ships, but it will also be
used in large power stations down to power and heat generators for, for example, individual homes. The energy converter may be powered by solar, geo-thermal and biomass heat, and also from waste heat recovery. It can convert waste heat from for example data centers, power stations, industrial processes etc. In fact, it can convert any industrial or agricultural waste heat into very useful energy! This is innovation (!) aimed to tackle the energy trilemma!

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