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The Neolithic Revolution and Beginnings of Civilization

August 16, 2019


hello welcome to first video lecture of the school year today we’re going to be looking at the Neolithic Revolution and the beginnings of civilization which are sections 1.2 and 1.3 in your textbook and we have a few focus questions as well the first explain how the Neolithic Revolution dramatically changed the way people live and also identify the basic features that define a civilization so let’s get started first thing we’re going to look at is the Paleolithic period it’s also known as the old Stone Age and it’s roughly going to last between 2 million BC and 10,000 BC remember unlike current day where each year we count up during BC we’re counting down as time progresses and through the Paleolithic period people lived as hunter-gatherers or nomads and all the nomad is is people who moved from place to place to find food essentially they are either going to hunt for it they’re going to hunt animals or they’re going to gather berries fruits vegetables and other things as well so what we see is small groups 20 to 30 people living together moving from place to place in order to find food at this point in time your one and only goal when you wake up is to find food for that day and you really can’t think about anything else until you do what we’re going to see is that around 10,000 BC there’s going to be a dramatic change in all of this and this is going to be known as the Neolithic Revolution it’s around 10,000 BC not exactly but around this time and what happens is people learn how to farm and domesticate domestication is simply to raise something in a controlled manner to best suit human use so farming is the domestication of plants and and crops the domestication of animals would be to either use them for work or to raise them to eat and so what we see is that when people learn how to farm they can begin establishing permanent settlements villages towns and other things and so the Neolithic Revolution is going to give way to the Neolithic period also known as the new Stone Age and this is going to roughly last to about 4500 BC and what we see is that people are no longer hunter and gatherers they’re no longer nomads they begin establishing these permanent villages and civilizations they set up permanent farms it can raise animals now and they don’t have to constantly be moving around and all the civilization is is a complex highly organized social order think how we live presently millions of people very complex and but it’s also highly organized as well so the next thing we’re going to look at are the first four civilizations and what we see on the map here are those first four river valley civilizations so as we’re going through keep in mind that all of these civilizations develop around a major river or major rivers so starting on the far right and yellow we see the ancient Chinese civilization which roughly starts about 3900 BC and it develops along the Yellow River and the Yangtze and as we move over in to more in Central Asia we see the Indus Valley Civilisation which develops along the Indus River heading further to the east we see to the west I should say we see in the Middle East the Mesopotamia civilization which develops around 3500 BC and Mesopotamia literally translates to between the rivers in this case it is located between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers which is in present-day Iraq and then the final one highlighted in purple on your map is the ancient Egyptian civilization I’m sure most of you know developed along the Nile River and so what we’ll see is they all developed along rivers commonly probably for two reasons one travel traveling along rivers is a much easier unless taxing than Overland and two for food and crop development not only can you fish in a river and not only do animals gather around rivers but also it helps when it comes to establishing farms as well the final thing we’re going to look at today are what really defines a civilization I gave you a brief definition let’s look a little deeper into those basic features of civilizations though the first seas essentially population centers which are bigger than small villages and towns think thousands of people yet they’re still more organized than towns and villages organize governments governments are going to become important feature because of their ability to organize projects whether it’s related to food production construction establishing laws or even defense systems as well the third complex religions we’re going to look at this in the next unit but we see different religions develop whether they worship one or multiple gods or goddesses they’re going to develop all over the world and have their own different features 4 is job specialization what that means is people are able to start branching out and focusing on one type of job and what we see develop is an economy where people have a job and they trade their services or goods with other people the fifth is social classes we can think of this currently as we have lower class middle class upper class it’s just a ranked group and it’s usually determined by a person’s job or economic standing the six is arts and architecture all across the world different societies will develop their own types of arts and architecture which shows off not only their talent but also their beliefs and values as well the seventh is public works these are large-scale projects usually organized by the government and usually they’re to benefit the city when we could think of right off the bat would be the pyramids in Egypt very large-scale project which would need to be highly organized and the final one is a system of writing usually this would develop from use in government or religion but would then slowly move as some cut type of an important record-keeping system in a society so we see those as the eight features that really define a civilization when people go from being hunter and gatherers to living in small villages and towns to living in much much larger population centers so that concludes our video lecture over the Neolithic Revolution and the beginnings of civilization once again for more reference material and head the sections 1.2 and 1.3 your textbook and don’t forget the main focus questions today the first was explained how the Neola Neolithic Revolution dramatically changed the way people live and second being identify the basic features that define a civilization

30 Comments

  • Reply Andres Roa September 10, 2012 at 11:04 pm

    thanks

  • Reply Chase Moore September 13, 2012 at 3:14 am

    You're welcome!

  • Reply dbskstar September 20, 2012 at 9:21 pm

    i hate high school i had no idea what the teacher ois teaching so i try to look in here this help

  • Reply dbskstar September 20, 2012 at 9:24 pm

    this is the best it help alot

  • Reply dbskstar September 20, 2012 at 9:30 pm

    what is tame mean and domestication i still dont get it my teacher said it home but they domestic animal how?

  • Reply hockeyfan13131313 October 1, 2012 at 12:23 pm

    Andrew???

  • Reply Ruhtrax October 2, 2012 at 12:02 am

    Adam???

  • Reply hockeyfan13131313 October 2, 2012 at 12:29 am

    hahah yeah whats up

  • Reply Ruhtrax October 2, 2012 at 12:32 am

    You are in Romano Meade's GD2?

  • Reply hockeyfan13131313 October 2, 2012 at 1:59 am

    Ya dude with Katherine and Anderson and the rest

  • Reply Ruhtrax October 2, 2012 at 2:06 am

    Yeah.. I am not in that class.
    "pssss…. I am Arthur"
    😀

  • Reply Ruhtrax October 2, 2012 at 2:07 am

    Teh invasion of The Mr.Romano-Meade class.

  • Reply hockeyfan13131313 October 2, 2012 at 2:12 am

    Ohhh hahahah I thought you were andrew

  • Reply jarrod rutland October 4, 2012 at 1:57 am

    This really helped me thanks

  • Reply Chase Moore October 15, 2012 at 12:59 am

    I'm glad it helped you, thank you for letting me know.

  • Reply Chase Moore October 15, 2012 at 12:59 am

    I'm glad I could help you in some way, let me know if there's something else I could help you with.

  • Reply jesus fabian November 13, 2012 at 11:28 pm

    thanks

  • Reply nate102008 December 9, 2012 at 9:58 pm

    Who else is studying for finals in Global History?

  • Reply Freeloader 420 August 22, 2013 at 4:33 am

    Big fan of the Powerpoint format with maps. The major nations I am familiar with, but it can be hard to keep track of the smaller less known nations. This and the Protestant Reformation were very useful. Only thing missing is a "Fall of Constantinople" and the ramifications that went with that event.

  • Reply Luciana LOI August 24, 2014 at 12:23 pm

    good video

  • Reply Shrapnel August 27, 2014 at 9:35 pm

    Why did they develop cities near rivers?

  • Reply amaurys delossantos October 6, 2014 at 8:56 pm

    good job

  • Reply Amanda K April 23, 2015 at 7:04 pm

    I think it's important to note that the area between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers were sandy and temps were around 110. Without irrigation systems that the first settlers of Mesopotamia (Ubait people) developed, they might not have been able to flourish like they did. The land itself was not sufficient enough to supply a steady food supply and the rivers were extremely unpredictable-given to frequent flooding. It was actually because of the irrigation systems developed from the marshlands by the Ubait people where they originally settled at, which was also further inland by a good distance.

  • Reply Angel Gurgutov September 13, 2015 at 7:28 pm

    good job man, thank you for this well structured information

  • Reply Danny Gonzalez December 6, 2015 at 8:02 am

    i would much rather be a hunter gatherer than a farmer. sucks that we can't go back.

  • Reply Hi Tom May 18, 2016 at 3:56 pm

    +thomaswoudhuysen its adam in your form I subscribed first

  • Reply CastlemainXD August 31, 2016 at 2:44 pm

    hue hue hue my names not max

  • Reply Anis Abughalia August 28, 2017 at 7:50 pm

    What a lovely video, man is Howell High school lucky for having this guy.

  • Reply Neil Rice January 3, 2018 at 1:37 am

    What about the discovery of Peruvian civilisations dating pre 2400bc and maybe much older, as seen at the Caral pyramid complex. What about the Maltese civilisations, the ancient Amazon basin civilisations which has only recently been brought to light by research using satellite photography. Cambodia, Angkor Wat is another great civilisation that has had to be looked at again, much older than first thought. Tiwanaku and Egyptian pyramids could be a lot older and belong to long lost civilisations. There are many more questions than answers when it comes to writing our history.

  • Reply 54321Truth June 17, 2018 at 12:33 pm

    Pyramids = Water Towers
    Kill the Jew, save all nations.

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