Articles, Blog

The Dark Ages…How Dark Were They, Really?: Crash Course World History #14

August 27, 2019


Hi there my name’s John Green, this is Crash
Course World History and today we’re going to talk about the Dark Ages, possibly
the most egregious Eurocentrism in all of history, which is really saying something. (We’re Europe! The Prime Meridian Runs Through
us; We’re in the Middle of Every Map; and We Get To Be a Continent Even Though Were
Not a Continent.) But let’s begin today with a pop quiz: What was the best year of your life, and what
was the worst year? Mr. Green, Mr. Green: Best 1994, Worst 1990. Oh, me from the past. It gets so much better,
and also so much worse. For worst year I’m gonna go with 2001; best
year 2006. Alright now it’s your turn, dear pupils: share your
best and worst years in comments during the intro. [theme music] Right, so what you will quickly find is that
your worst year was someone else’s best year. So, too, with history. The period between 600 and 1450 CE is often
called the Middle Ages in Europe because it came between the Roman Empire—assuming you
forget the Byzantines—and the beginning of the Modern Age. And it’s sometimes called the Dark Ages,
because it was purportedly unenlightened. But was the age so dark? Depends on what you find depressing. If you like cities and great poetry, then
the Dark Ages were indeed pretty dark in Europe. But if like me your two favorite things are
Not Dying From Wars and not dying from anything else, the Dark Ages actually weren’t that bad— at least until the plague came in the 14th
century. And meanwhile, outside of Europe, the Dark Ages were truly an Age of Enlightenment.But
we’ll get boring Europe out of the way first. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. Medieval Europe had less trade, fewer cities, and
less cultural output than the Original Roman Empire. London and Paris were fetid firetraps with
none of the planning of sewage management of places 5,000 years older like Mohenjo Daro
in the Indus Valley Civilization, let alone Rome. But with fewer powerful governments, wars were at least smaller, which is one reason
why Europeans living in Medieval Times— Uhh THOUGHT BUBBLE I KNEW YOU WERE GOING TO
DO THAT. Anyway, people in Medieval Times lived slightly
longer — life expectancy was 30 — than Europeans during the Roman Empire — when life expectancy was 28. Instead of centralized governments, Europe in the middle ages had feudalism, a
political system based on reciprocal relationships between lords, who owned lots of land, and
vassals, who protected the land and got to dress up
as knights in exchange for pledging loyalty to the lords. The lords were also vassals to more important
lords, with the most important of all being the king. Below the knights were peasants who did the actual work on the land in exchange
for protection from bandits and other threats. Feudalism was also an economic system, with the peasants working the land and keeping
some of their production to feed themselves while giving the rest to the landowner whose
land they worked. The small scale, local nature of the feudal
system was perfect for a time and place where the threats to peoples’ safety were also
small scale and local. But of course, this system reinforces the status quo – there’s little freedom and absolutely no
social mobility: Peasants could never work their way up to
lords, and they almost never left their villages. Thanks, Thought Bubble. One more point that’s very interesting from
a world history perspective: this devolution from empire to localism has
happened in lots of places at lots of different times. And in times of extreme political stress, like after the fall of the Han dynasty in
China, power tends to flow into the hands of local lords who
can protect the peasants better than the state can. We hear about this a lot in Chinese history
and also in contemporary Afghanistan, but instead of being called feudal lords,
these landlords are called warlords. Eurocentrism striking again. The other reason the Dark Ages are called
Dark is because Europe was dominated by superstition and by boring religious debates about like
how many angels can fit on the head of a pin. And while there’s something to that, the Middle Ages also saw theologians like
Thomas Aquinas, who was quite an important philosopher, And women like Hildegard of Bilgen, who wrote all this important liturgical music and also
basically invented the genre of the morality play. All that noted, things were certainly brighter
in the Islamic world, or Dar al Islam. So when we last left the Muslims, they had expanded out of their homeland in
Arabia and conquered the rich Egyptian provinces of the Byzantines and the entire Sassanian
empire, all in the space of about 100 years. The Umayyad Dynasty then expanded the empire
west to Spain and moved the capital to Damascus, because it was closer to the action, empire-wise but still in Arabia. That was really important to the Umayyads because they’d established this hierarchy in the
empire with Arabs like themselves at the top and in fact they tried to keep Arabs from fraternizing
with non-Arab muslims throughout the Empire. This of course annoyed the non-Arab Muslims, who were like, “I don’t know if you’re reading the
same Quran we are, but this one says that we’re all supposed to be equal.” And pretty quickly the majority of Muslims
weren’t Arabs, which made it pretty easy for them to overthrow
the Umayyads, which they did in 750 CE. Their replacements, the Abb(ah)sids, Abb(uh)sids? Hold On… D’ahh, I’m right twice! Right, so the Abbasids were from the Abb(ah)si or
the Abb(uh)-see family which hailed from the Eastern and therefore
more Persian provinces of the Islamic Empire. The Abbasids took over in 750 and no one could
fully defeat them — until 1258, when they were conquered by — wait for it — the Mongols. The Abbasids kept the idea of a hereditary
monarchy, but they moved the capital of the empire to
Baghdad, and they were much more welcoming of other
non-Arab Muslims into positions of power. And under the Abbasids, the Dar al Islam took on a distinctly Persian
cast that it never really lost. The Caliph now styled himself as a king of
kings, just like the Achaemenids had, and pretty soon the caliph’s rule was a
lot more indirect, just like the original Persians’. This meant that his control was much weaker, and by about 1000CE , the Islamic Caliphate
which looks so incredibly impressive on a map had really descended into a series of
smaller kingdoms, each paying lip-service to the caliph in Baghdad. This was partly because the Islamic Empire
relied more and more on soldiers from the frontier, in this case Turks, and also slaves pressed into military service,
in order to be the backbone of their army, a strategy that has been tried over and over
again and has worked exactly zero times. Which you should remember if you ever become
an emperor. Actually our resident historian points out
that that strategy has worked– if you are the Mongols. More important than the Persian-style monarchy
that the Abbasids tried to set up was their openness to foreigners and their ideas. That tolerance and curiosity ushered in a golden age
of Islamic learning centered in Baghdad. The Abbasids oversaw an efflorescence of culture unlike anything
that had been seen since Hellenistic times. Arabic replaced Greek not only as the language
of commerce and religion, but also of culture. Philosophy, medicine, and poetry were all
written in Arabic (although Persian remained an important literary
language.) And Baghdad was the world’s center of scholarship
with its House of Wisdom and immense library. Muslim scholars translated the works of the
Greek Philosophers including Aristotle and Plato as well as scientific works by Hippocrates,
Archimedes and especially the physician Galen. And they translated and preserved Buddhist and
Hindu manuscripts that might have otherwise been lost. Muslims made huge strides in medicine as well. One Muslim scholar ibn Sina, wrote the Canon
of Medicine, which became the standard medical textbook
or centuries in both Europe and the Middle East. And the Islamic empire adopted mathematical
concepts from India such as the zero, a number so fascinating
and beautiful that we could write an entire episode about
it but instead I’m just gonna write it a little love poem: Oh, zero. Pretty little zero. They say you’re nothing but you mean everything
to mathematical history…and me. Oh it’s time for the Open Letter? An Open Letter to Science and Religion: But first lets see what’s in the Secret
Compartment. Oh, champagne poppers? Stan, what am I supposed to do with these? Dear Science and Religion, You’re supposed to be so irreconcilable
and everything, but not so much in the Abbasid Empire. I mean, Muslim mathematicians expanded
math to such a degree that we now call the base ten number system and the symbols we use to denote it “Arabic
numerals.” And religion was at least part of what pushed
all that learning forward. Like the great philosopher Ibn Rushd argued
that the only path to religious enlightenment was
through Aristotelian reasoning. And Muslim mathematicians and astronomers
developed algebra partly so they could simplify Islamic inheritance
law. Plus they made important strides in trigonometry so that people understand where to turn when trying to turn toward Mecca. You were working so well together, science
and religion, but then like Al and Tipper Gore, just couldn’t
last forever. Nothing gold can stay in this world, nothing
gold can stay. Best wishes,
John Green Baghdad wasn’t the only center of learning
in the Islamic world. In Spain, Islamic Cordoba became a center
for the arts, especially architecture. This is perhaps best exemplified by the Great
Mosque at Cordoba, built by the Umayyad ruler Abd al-Rahman I
In 785-786 CE. That’s right, this building, still standing today and one of the most amazing
mosques in the world, was built in a year, whereas medieval cathedrals typically took,
like, a million years to finish. The Muslims of Spain were also engineers who
rivaled the Romans. Aqueducts in Cordoba brought drinkable water
into the city, and Muslim scholars took the lead in agricultural
science, improving yields on all kinds of new crops, allowing Spanish lives to be longer and less
hungry. Everybody wanted to live in Spain, even the greatest Jewish philosopher, Maimonides, wanted to live in Spain, but sadly he was
expelled and ended up in Alexandria Egypt. There he wrote his awesomely titled defense
of rationality, A Guide for the Perplexed. I’m translating the title, of course, because
the original text was written …in Arabic. Meanwhile, China was having a Golden Age of
its own: The Tang Dynasty made China’s government
more of a meritocracy, and ruled over 80 million people across four
million square miles. And they might’ve conquered all of Central
Asia had it not been for the Abbasids, whom they
fought at the most important Battle You’ve Never Heard
Of, the Battle of the Talas River. This was the Ali-Frasier of the 8th century. The Abbasids won, which ended up defining
who had influence where with the — with the Abbasids dominating to the west of
the river and China dominating to the east. The Tang also produced incredible art that
was traded all throughout Asia. Many of the more famous sculptures from the Tang
Dynasty feature figures who are distinctly not-Chinese, which again demonstrates the diversity of
the empire. The Tang was also a golden age for Chinese
poetry with notables like Du Fu and Li Bo plying
their craft, encouraged by the official government. And the Song Dynasty, which lasted from 960
to 1258, kicked even more ass-it’s-not-cursing-if-you’re-talking-about-donkeys. By the 11th century, Chinese metalworkers were producing as much
iron as Europe would be able to produce in the
18th century. Some of this iron was put to use in new plows, which enabled agriculture to boom, thereby supporting population growth. Porcelain was of such high quality that it
was shipped throughout the world, which is why we call it “china.” And there was so much trade going on that
the Chinese ran out of metal for coins, leading to another innovation – paper money. And by the 11th century, the Chinese were
writing down recipes for a mixture of saltpeter, sulfur and charcoal, that we now know as gunpowder. That becomes kind of a big deal in history, paving the way, as it does, for modern warfare and arena rock pyrotechnics,
and— ohhhh, THAT’S WHY. Not so dark after all. Thanks for watching. We’ll see you next
week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller, our script supervisor is Danica Johnson. The graphics team is Thought Bubble, and show is written by my high school history
teacher Raoul Meyer and myself. Last week’s Phrase of the Week
was also good advice: Quit Smoking! If you want to suggest future Phrases of the Week
or guess at this week’s, you can do so in comments where you can also ask questions about today’s
video that will be answered by our team of historians. If you liked today’s video please click the thumb’s up button. You can also follow us on Twitter @thecrashcourse
or on Facebook. There are links in the video info. Our writer and historian, Raoul Mayer, also tweets awesome Crash Course pop quizzes,
so there’s a link to follow him as well, and me, you know, because I’m a narcissist. [music outro] We get to be a continent, even though we’re not a continent…

100 Comments

  • Reply ali zain July 1, 2019 at 7:38 pm

    and aka ababasids were muslims the top of the line

  • Reply landon howard July 2, 2019 at 1:25 am

    Best year 2018 because of infinity war

  • Reply Clark Walkup July 2, 2019 at 1:59 am

    best 2017 worst 2018

  • Reply Boris The Soviet Love-Hammer July 2, 2019 at 7:53 am

    Mongols OP, plz nerf

  • Reply Hi Daßer July 3, 2019 at 4:24 pm

    The Abbasids hailed from Mecca , they were the prophet's cousins

  • Reply Xureila Skye July 3, 2019 at 7:58 pm

    Best years was 2013 And the worst year is 2018

  • Reply Zeus II July 4, 2019 at 6:06 pm

    Best: late 2017
    Worst: late 2018

  • Reply Loreene C July 5, 2019 at 6:29 am

    Just to put it out there, from 1985-c.1997 were decent years from me, but after a family tragedy, the next 22 years were the Dark Ages for me, as was often cut off from a lot of people, but this year thanks to good technological advancement have certainly entered a new era of remaining in touch with people, good friendships etc, so this is kind of like the Communication Age. Like, we did have internet for a long time, but it's only recently that it's pretty safe to say that reliable internet with decent speed is more the norm now.

  • Reply Dávid Kertész July 5, 2019 at 2:34 pm

    How in the name of all mongols do they know the life expectancy in ancient rome.

  • Reply Charlie Dallachie July 6, 2019 at 2:33 am

    Basically game of thrones time

  • Reply PagmsSilver July 6, 2019 at 9:25 pm

    Oh its you

  • Reply marto July 6, 2019 at 11:21 pm

    Only worst years: 410, 475, 1204, 1453, 1945

  • Reply Interesting to know for me and you !!!!! July 7, 2019 at 7:09 am

    "the Mongols"

  • Reply abdulhaq Ali July 7, 2019 at 7:14 am

    Do history of Africa before conolinization

  • Reply ConservativeFurryGirl July 7, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    Worst year? 2001- When I was born. Best year? ???-When I die.

  • Reply JCsTurn68 C July 7, 2019 at 9:49 pm

    Best year, being born.
    Worst year, being born.

  • Reply MisterKelisi July 8, 2019 at 5:19 am

    This was very confusing.

  • Reply Omar Aly Hasan Aly El-Bamby July 8, 2019 at 5:39 pm

    Best: 2018 Earned the trust of a mama cat and she was so cuddly and meowed at me and followed me everywhere I went
    Worst: 2019 Got accepted into the University of Miami, but turned out it was without even a cent of financial aid and that was so heartbreaking because I've put so much effort into getting there and my dreams have all crashed because I'm poor and live in a shithole country

  • Reply patryk wasilewski July 9, 2019 at 11:18 am

    It is not eurocentrism it is westerneurocentrism

  • Reply Rij July 10, 2019 at 4:14 pm

    Worst: 2010 – moved to a different town cause my parents divorced and a lot of moving schools and adjusting
    Best: 2016 – Was 16 yrs old, grade 10, had the most fun, school was easy cause wasn't too serious then, went to heaps of parties and had best friends and hobbies and had an amazing summer and everyone got cars

    now i'm in college, it's good but not as fun as 2016

  • Reply YhelloWish July 10, 2019 at 6:17 pm

    AoE bring me here.

  • Reply Unshaken Salsa July 10, 2019 at 6:50 pm

    I always thought it was called the Dark Ages because we had very little recorded history of the time.

  • Reply Sally Habib July 10, 2019 at 8:40 pm

    best year will be:2068 because i wont be alive 🙂
    worst year:today

  • Reply Lottie Houston July 11, 2019 at 4:35 am

    2015
    2019

  • Reply Kieran McGarvey July 11, 2019 at 6:09 am

    best none worst year every year jk(:

  • Reply ORAMPAGE 14 July 11, 2019 at 4:33 pm

    The way this man is saying else kills me he says elts instead

  • Reply Mr. Sir Viking July 13, 2019 at 6:09 pm

    1:35 cow sound effect from minecraft
    2:01 sheep sound effect from minecraft

  • Reply Helena Hudson July 14, 2019 at 5:30 am

    Wow, Muslims isn't as barbaric as Christians try to make them huh??

  • Reply DJ-Z 7004 July 14, 2019 at 4:09 pm

    Out of the blue question! Here it goes…..could Superman really exist?

  • Reply James Harns July 15, 2019 at 3:25 pm

    Best 2018
    Worst 2011

  • Reply Mitchell Rigby July 15, 2019 at 3:54 pm

    John “I hate Europe” Green

  • Reply DiaMatPhilosopher July 15, 2019 at 11:46 pm

    Worst 2016
    Best 2007

  • Reply Nateb143 July 16, 2019 at 12:22 am

    Best year 2012
    Worst year 2019

  • Reply Utopian Gamer July 16, 2019 at 6:44 am

    Best Year:
    Worst Year:2006 AD (Year I was born)

  • Reply Lani Ky July 16, 2019 at 8:42 pm

    Best: 2007
    Worst: 2017-2018 school year

  • Reply Noobmaster 101 July 17, 2019 at 10:50 am

    I wish I grew up in the dark ages because I wouldn't have to learn anything,Because nobody knew anything!

  • Reply TehBrackShiip July 18, 2019 at 12:26 pm

    Worst: 2012 – had my first panic attack, diagnosed w/ an anxiety disorder, had to drop out of college briefly due to daily panic attacks in class

    Best: 2017 – girls, parties, girls, met my girlfriend

  • Reply Mehbuba Mazumdar July 19, 2019 at 7:05 am

    Best years:2008 &2013
    Worst years:2012 &2018

  • Reply YTContent July 19, 2019 at 10:28 pm

    I came here searching for dark ages after watching hellboy 2019.
    Bad idea.

  • Reply de snoepert politie July 20, 2019 at 7:34 pm

    Best year is 2012
    Worst year is 2014

    I only had 2 yrs of happiness

  • Reply Ilham Kusuma July 22, 2019 at 3:10 am

    best year 2012 worst 2015-2016

  • Reply Wild Man July 22, 2019 at 5:52 pm

    Your religious bias is so painfully obvious

  • Reply Random Boi_29 July 23, 2019 at 12:09 am

    Best: 2016 always

  • Reply Jake Flower July 23, 2019 at 11:10 am

    best year: future
    worst year: from the day I was born, to now.

  • Reply Harrison Ressler July 24, 2019 at 8:01 pm

    I think the best year and the worst year of my life was the same year.

  • Reply AnifleX July 26, 2019 at 8:27 am

    Worst 2001.. I born that year
    Best 2019….I am alive today

  • Reply BuggyKing25 July 28, 2019 at 10:37 pm

    worst: 2018, i mean it got so negatively insane on the internet that all the places I used to feel like was a safe community to escape from the real world just kind of became the real world. We lost so many great celebrities like Avicii, Arethra Franklin, Stan Lee, Stephen Hawking, Mac Miller, X, and that's only like half of them. And I just had a lot of personal problems going on. 2012 was probably the best, not just because I was pretty blissfully ignorant about the real world but it just a banger, we had so many good movies come out like The Drak Knight, the first Avengers, The Hunger Games, Django Unchained. I had a lot of good friends and family that helped me get through a lot of tough times I was dealing with.

  • Reply Yankee Doodle July 29, 2019 at 5:17 am

    Best Year: 2016 – got a really high paying job and Donald Trump was elected

    Worst Year: 2008 – parents lost their jobs and we lost our home

  • Reply Alayne Stone July 30, 2019 at 6:31 am

    worst: 2016 when I was all alone with my depression
    best: 2011 when i was still young and innocent and was able to spend 12 hours a day watching anime

  • Reply Rogelio Diaz2747 July 30, 2019 at 7:23 am

    Best: 2017
    worst: 2017

  • Reply VygisHD July 30, 2019 at 1:05 pm

    Worst 2017 best 2019

  • Reply Nicholas Garcia July 30, 2019 at 1:45 pm

    39 and 69

  • Reply archangel05 July 30, 2019 at 11:44 pm

    Worst: tie between 2003 swan dived into depression and 1996 my mom remarried ending any concept of family for me.
    Best: 2015 lovely gf, zero debt, hope for the future.

  • Reply Mello July 31, 2019 at 4:39 am

    Worst: 2016 Grade 5- We all know how that goes
    Best: 2011 Prep- Life was simple

  • Reply CALCULUS Prodigy July 31, 2019 at 2:39 pm

    Best year is 1980 because I got my first dog Worst year 2013 he got hit by a car and died

  • Reply neberyx August 1, 2019 at 3:29 pm

    Best year was 2009, worst year(s) were 2013-2018.

  • Reply M T August 4, 2019 at 2:08 am

    None of this is dark ages…

  • Reply Manraj Singh August 4, 2019 at 11:47 am

    my best year was when i was 3 bcz that was the year when GOD put some kind of power in me and now i learn everything by reading it just 2 times……OOO MY GOD, BTW my worst year was when i was 6… no need to talk about it

  • Reply Santeri Kontinen August 5, 2019 at 8:14 pm

    I'm watching these even though I'm waaayyy past university and you really should be a singer! 😆

  • Reply Christabelle Grace Marbun August 6, 2019 at 3:24 am

    “Was the age really so dark? Depends on what you find depressing : )”

  • Reply Anna Sundholm August 6, 2019 at 8:19 am

    best: 2004 because i was born and i had zero responsibilities

    worst: 2018 because I had anxiety attacks throughout the whole year and I lost two of my pets and one of them was abducted

  • Reply Dewitt Bourchier August 6, 2019 at 11:23 am

    The Mayans were in their little corner of Central America. The Incans had not risen yet, the Chinese were being smug and self satisfied, the Japanese were developing their own system but still being extremely insular and the Koreans were feuding among themselves. Even ignoring Europe it seems like a dark age, and Europe matters.

  • Reply Ashley Naylor August 6, 2019 at 3:05 pm

    Best: 2016
    Worst: 2016

  • Reply doc214 August 6, 2019 at 4:28 pm

    My understanding of the dark age in Europe is from approximately 500 to 1000, due to the dearth of written records not synonymous with the Middle Ages.

  • Reply Julio Toboso García August 6, 2019 at 7:33 pm

    Worst, 2025. So much studying.
    Best 2026-2015. When I finally finished the time machine and invested in Bitcoin. Man, it was a weird year.

  • Reply Annonymous Gal August 7, 2019 at 9:26 pm

    Worst year: every half year before now
    Best year: the other half of each year… give or take

  • Reply samualwatkins August 8, 2019 at 1:14 am

    Europe: Oh what a horrible age
    Muslims: We’re doing really well right now
    Europe: Oh what a dark time for humanity
    China: We’re in a golden age
    Europe: OHHHHHHHHHHHH

  • Reply DoubleDecker 03 August 8, 2019 at 9:12 pm

    best: 2019 so far
    worst:2017

  • Reply Haitam Chouiekh August 11, 2019 at 12:53 am

    I spat out my cereal when he said 30 year life expectancy was not bad.

  • Reply Nikolai Baardsen August 11, 2019 at 7:52 pm

    Insert obligatory 'here for AP World History comment here
    Worst Year: 2018, because that entire year I was in an extremely toxic relationship and had to completely build myself back from the ground up
    Best Year: 2019. I'm in a much better place now and even if I do have my moments of self reflection and self loathing, I have my siblings and friends who support me

  • Reply bicthboi August 11, 2019 at 11:07 pm

    worst year 2004, I was born, best year 2014, almost died

  • Reply Mark P August 12, 2019 at 5:36 am

    Oh this could prove interesting clicks on video

    Narrator: buzzwords, virtue signalling, REEEEEEE

    ME: ….nevermind

  • Reply Bl!tzK - August 13, 2019 at 11:57 am

    best 2018
    worst mid-2018 to 2019

  • Reply Andrew Rostov August 13, 2019 at 6:57 pm

    John Green, typical Europe-hating liberal, the kind of people contributing so much to the disaster we're having now in the West.

  • Reply Rowan Reed August 14, 2019 at 1:16 am

    2017 – mid-adolescent crisis and 2019- my first job

  • Reply Celeste Crain August 14, 2019 at 2:41 pm

    Worst year 2013, best year was any year before 2013

  • Reply Carlos Johnson August 14, 2019 at 9:38 pm

    Lmao🤣😂🤣😂😅😂😂😂 this video is so white washed and wrong about history! Go watch hidden colors and come back to this video😔😂

  • Reply Cheegum August 15, 2019 at 3:54 am

    Feudalism still lives on in most third world countries around the world 🙂

  • Reply Evelyn Wilhelmson August 15, 2019 at 11:56 am

    I can't help it, i need to make a comment about it, because it seems to be right at my face in every video. I don't condone Fascism or Fascists in any way, but what message does Mr Green send us with the sticker on his laptop which reads "this machine KILLS fascists"? I mean he lectures us on Literature and History and yet he advocates "killing" anyone he doesn't agree with? It seems odd from a person that "markets" himself as high cultured. I find this sticker offensive, intolerant and potentially dangerous. If this isn't a hate speech example, then what is it ?

  • Reply Min Masha August 16, 2019 at 5:25 pm

    I don't have the worst year…….. neither the best year, every year is a mix of both

  • Reply Psychic Albert August 17, 2019 at 2:02 pm

    worst whole of my life best my afterlife!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Reply Gay Fish August 17, 2019 at 6:03 pm

    2004 to 2019

  • Reply Noss Njeppa August 18, 2019 at 1:35 am

    Worst: ongoing
    Best: post mortem

  • Reply Hunter GamingYT August 18, 2019 at 3:03 am

    worst:2006 when my rabbit died
    best:2008 when igot a gun

  • Reply DontBeDesperate August 18, 2019 at 8:16 am

    Worst: 2010 because it was high school and the pressure of high school got to me
    Best: 2017 because it was the last year of uni and my internship was amazing (only slightly above 2018 en 2019)

  • Reply Maverick Hargrave August 18, 2019 at 8:47 pm

    Kind of ironic that nowadays the Muslim world seems to be stuck in the dark ages. The ancestors of today's Middle Eastern people would be horrified.

  • Reply Maalik Hanai August 19, 2019 at 3:15 pm

    Best: 2012 // Worst: 2013

  • Reply Fabrizio Marcillo August 20, 2019 at 12:48 pm

    Worst 2018: Broke my knee, lost my job, got operated for the knee, physical rehabilitation, got pneumonia, septicemia, endocarditis, open heart surgery, died, open heart surgery again… Best year 2018: got out alive.

  • Reply Flower Child Draws August 21, 2019 at 3:34 pm

    Worst Year: 2015

    Best year: This year! (2019)

  • Reply Combat Engeeneir August 21, 2019 at 6:24 pm

    Europe got the short end of the stick lol

  • Reply Lea Ortiz August 21, 2019 at 11:36 pm

    worst: 2000 my father died
    best year: 2018 I traveled through Europe

  • Reply Mike Or August 22, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    Best year: 2015.
    Worst year: 2012.

  • Reply Mike Or August 22, 2019 at 3:16 pm

    Sultan Caliph Harun al-Rashid ruled during the peak of the Islamic Golden Age. His vizier, Jafar Bin Yahya, was the inspiration for Jafar, the evil sorcerer in Aladdin, whose role was expanded in the 1992 Disney version.

  • Reply Yukon West August 24, 2019 at 1:40 am

    omg your holden shirt made this year best somehow

  • Reply Daniel Sanchez August 24, 2019 at 8:51 am

    Tosh.o??

  • Reply St Johan August 24, 2019 at 12:17 pm

    3:25 "But instead of being called feudal lords, these landlords are called warlords. Euro-centrism striking again."
    4:00 "When we last left the Muslims they had expanded out of their homeland in Arabia and conquered the rich Egyptian provinces, the rich provinces of the Byzantines and the entire Sassanian Empire all in the span of about 100 years."
    Not to even mention the Han dynasty controlling almost all of China as well as North Korea. That damn Euro-centrism!

  • Reply Travis M August 24, 2019 at 8:33 pm

    Wow! So… Shower Thought.
    The moorish empire valued knowledge and social interaction, the arabic and new persian empire seemed to value gold and heirarchy As they revolted to the east, the christians pushed in from the north. And so stands our current system…. Europeans and Arabs Mitigated by the philosophical revolutions of europe in France etc…But, knowledge had already spread to become a right to all. All they could do is control what they learned, for as long as they could which seems to be ending today. Meaning they have some last ditch efforts to maintain control before the human race explodes in advancement and combined efforts to explore space. We may have one last final major war to fight. That is actually going on right now. Hence why these countries are in these places. And in the case of ISIS… are destroying ancient islamic artifacts. Or how certain nations militaries are currently in countries like Mali. They are deleting the positive history buried in the sands that can change the narrative, of who the good guys were in ancient times. Imagine finding out a nation from Africa known as the Moors, had the most advanced and knowledge inducing civilization of the dark ages, keeping Europe from collapsing. Imagine the country you live in, and what that knowledge would do to people who think they look like Jesus. Conspiracy rant off

  • Reply Charlotte Cameron August 24, 2019 at 9:56 pm

    Best 2015 because I moved back to my home country and lived with one of my bff. Worst : 2019 because I suffer from depression and started the year crying (in a bad way).

  • Reply Murphy Jordan August 25, 2019 at 9:01 pm

    Worst (so far): 2012 -the year my parents got divorced and my grandmother got put in hospice.
    Best (so far): 2019 -the year I'm gonna better than I was last year.

  • Reply A Pixie's Whisper August 25, 2019 at 11:58 pm

    Best: 2019. I found out that I'm a really distant cousin of His Royal Highness Prince Charles Philip Arthur George of Wales.
    Worst: 2016 and 2017. My grandparents died the same day (August 21) a year apart and both times were difficult. August 21, 2016 was the second (or third?) week of my junior year of high school. 2017 was my senior year. What a way to start both grades. :/

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