Mikhail Pavlivsky collects knowledge on the cultivation of berries all over the planet and applies this knowledge in his work. This allows his company to hold the leading position in the market of berry products of Ukraine. grapes, strawberries, blackberries and raspberries are grown here. A modern raspberry square covers an area of 3 hectares and is covered with a hail grid, 10 plant varieties grow here. Mikhail Pavlivsky talks about his achievements “Once upon a time I had a dream . I have seen similar raspberries in Spain, America, New Zealand. They were all small and covered with a net. To protect against hail. The hail is dangerous – it turns a berry into a porridge in two minutes. We are left without a harvest then. And we can’t afford that – we don’t have the right. That’s why we built such a raspberry jam, covered it with a grid. The service life of this protection is 30 years. It protects not only from hail – it helps to protect plants from burns, less dust settles on products. ” Mikhail Pavlivsky says that such a design of the raspberry can preserve the marketable appearance of the berries – they do not fade in the hot sun, which is one of the competitive advantages. If more crops are saved, the cost of growing falls. A raspberry cake closed with a net also allows you to get a harvest a week earlier, which allows you to start selling raspberries before competitors. “The grid is the quality, timing, safety of the crop. We do not remove for the winter. The condition of the plants is good, f lowering will begin soon. ” Strawberries are grown between the rows – it does not interfere with raspberries. The free area is covered with a thick layer of straw – for weed control. “Here various cultivation technologies are applied: we pour humus, we use microorganisms that actively process it, we use potassium humate. Also apply spraying on the sheet. As you can see, the plants are clean, the leaf is green and smooth. ” Mikhail Pavlyvsky approaches all questions carefully. Without a business case, no plants are planted. . Two years ago, only strawberries grew here and today they expect to receive up to two harvests of raspberry berries per season “This is the second year the raspberry grows here. There was a bare plot last spring. Then landed variety Glen Ampl and other varieties. Now we will receive the first harvest. Raspberries in early June, we have dear. And there are remontant varieties – in August there will also be a harvest. To achieve such excellent results, it is necessary to create a plant feeding system. To develop a technique that allows the plant to maximize its potential for fruiting. Only a combination of safe means of protection and fertilizer can guarantee a great harvest.”
“You do not need to wait for an instant result from microorganisms, they work: not today, so tomorrow they will give results” Feeding with potassium humate also works. We give first with a high content of nitrogen – for growth, and then we fertilize with a high content of potassium – potassium is good for berries.
We can give nitrogen in the form of nitrate, but potassium in our soil is in short supply. And any plants are responsive to potash fertilizers. Modern technologies that are used in the household of Mikhail Pavlinsky and an understanding of the economics of growing allow the company to successfully compete with other producers on the market for more than twenty years. This is a good example of the effective use of environmentally friendly technologies in growing crops.
September is one of the best months in
the garden. I’m going to share some tips of what I’m gonna do in my garden in
September. It’s a great time to plant your fall cover crop and allow enough
time for it to get established before the cold weather arrives. Check out our
cover crop videos. Winter squash can be picked especially if the rain is in the
forecast and stored in a cool dark location. It’s a good time to plant
spring flowering bulbs like daffodils, tulips, hyacinth, crocus and iris. Surplus
produce can be preserved by canning, fermenting, drying or freezing. Please
check out all of our different preserving videos. Save space in your
garden for garlic. Cold zones can plant just after the first frost, or in mild
areas, plant in October. Donate excess produce to your local food bank. Shred or
grate those two large zucchinis. After squeezing all the excess liquid out, you
can freeze the shred to use later in the year.
Onion sets can be planted in the fall, in mild winter regions. Check out our onion
transplant and onion set video. Help pumpkins prep for the holidays by
removing leaves that shadow the fruits so that they’ll ripen. Place them onto
boards to protect them from damp soil. Continue to harvest your plants in the
garden. If frost is threatening, protect with
some floating row cover. Start saving some seed from some of your favorite
plants. I’m saving arugula. Monitor your cucurbits for powdery mildew. If you find any, it’s a good time to put on the fungicide.
I’m gonna use the safer garden fungicide on mine. Continue fertilizing your heavy
feeders such as corn cucumbers and squash. Continue pruning the tall
primocanes of your blackberries. This encourages lateral branches which is
where next year’s berries will be born. Flora canes can be cut back after the
berries have been harvested. Cut back any dead raspberry canes or canes that have
finished producing fruit. Examine your plants for spider mites. If
you find spider mites you can use a miticide that’s labeled for the plant and
for spider mites. Harvest your basil before the cold weather sets in. You can
dry it, freeze it, or make pesto. Prep your greenhouse and get it ready for the
winter. Order your agribon so that you’re ready
for the cold weather. Be sure and check out our early buy program for agribon.
Most important in September enjoy your harvest with friends family and have
some feasts and grow organic for life
What’s the world whose delicate fruit? It just might be – the raspberry! Because a raspberry is so fragile, it’s only touched once by human hands. When a harvester picks it off the plant, it goes directly into the container you buy. But before we even get to harvest, we need to find out: How Does It Grow? Shirley Kline has been growing raspberries for nearly 20 years, and she’s a Cornell educated expert in Vegetable Science. Raspberry plants are called “brambles”, and Shirley grows hers in structures called “High Tunnels”, which retain the heat. These tunnels help produce two more months of fruit than outdoor brambles. Bramble roots can live around 20 years, but every year the roots send up new stems called “Canes”. They live for two years, then die. (Shirley): I’ve come up with a little mnemonic device…to help you…after fruiting, if the cane is green, let it be; after fruiting if the cane is brown, cut it down. When the brambles flower, natural pollinators get busy spreading the pollen. the pollinated flowers transformed into raspberries. They’re ready to be harvested, when they turn from green to red – or black – and pull easily from the cane. So why exactly is a raspberry so delicate? Because it’s really a cluster of more than 100 individual fruits! See, each juice bubbles – that’s a single fruit, called a “drupelet”, and contains its own seed. that’s why raspberries are so seedy. The fruits are fused by a web of microscopic hairs, which means that picking raspberries needs a super delicate touch. (Nicole): so I’m going to hold up here so it doesn’t break, right? (Shirley): UmHmm, and you’re going to pull it off. (Nicole): Okay…oh…it came right off…hope this is good! I feel like I’m not going to crush your raspberries… (Nicole): Oh it’s falling apart… (Shirley): There you go…Okay… (Nicole): It really needs the lightest of touches…wow. (Shirley): Yep. (Shirley): And you end up with purple fingers…(Nicole): Yeah… Now, to get to this point Shirley has battled leaf-eating spider mites and roof eating rodents. She used traps and natural predators…everything but pesticides. (Nicole): And why don’t you want to use pesticides? (Shirley): Well they’re poison! So here’s a cold hard truth: if she were shipping these to supermarkets across the country, then she’d probably have to use pesticides. Because if raspberries aren’t sprayed against mold, they will start to rot within to 48 hours of picking. Even certified organic farmers use approved chemicals against fungus. I know what you’re thinking…you’re going to wash your raspberries as soon as you get them home. Well, hold your horses… (Shirley): Never wash your raspberries before you’re ready to eat them. unless you want moldy raspberries… These days, we demand fresh food all year round, even when it’s not in season. But here’s the thing: our delicate raspberry wasn’t meant to travel very far. To stay fresh it needs chemicals…Now, imagine if we all had a Shirley, growing High Tunnel raspberries nearby…
Well winter is upon us. The temperatures
are lowering, the holidays are here but there’s still a lot of work to do in
your garden in the months of December and January. I’ll show you what I’m going
to do. If you’re storing cut wood for winter fires, be sure and store it away
from the house. Cockroaches and other pests & insects like to hide in the wood
and you don’t want to give them easy access into your home. Be sure and have
some frost blankets on hand so that you can protect your tender perennials when
the hard frost comes. If moving potted shrubs and trees into the house or into a
greenhouse be sure and check the humidity level and any airflow that
might negatively affect the plant. Start garden planning for next year. Think
about the lessons you learned from the previous garden. Map out your garden for
next year keeping in mind crop rotation and order
your seeds for your spring and summer garden. Be sure and check out our garden
planning video and our garden planning tools at groworganic.com.
Add compost and mulch to your perennial vegetables such as artichokes asparagus,
strawberries and other berries, to protect the roots from frost. If you want
a winter garden, build some hoop houses over your beds and cover it with
greenhouse poly you can grow greens and other kinds of lettuces all winter long.
Click on the link below to find more information about building hoop houses
and other winter garden structures. Continue adding to your compost pile.
Monitor the pile for moisture level. It should be moist but not soggy. Add a
compost cover if the pile is getting too wet. Continue cleaning up underneath your fruit trees or perennial vegetables. Pick up any dead fruit, vegetables or debris
and that will help prevent any kind of infestation next year. Prune your
blackberries based on the kind that you have. Erect, semi-erect or trailing. The
way to Train and prune will depend on the type. Dormant pruning of erect
blackberries entails removing dead canes and cutting back laterals 12 to 18 inches. Semi-erect blackberries should be thinned to five to eight of the strongest
canes and shortened laterals to twelve to eighteen inches. Remove any growing on the lower third foot section of the main canes. Tie to a
fence or trellis to provide support. Trailing blackberries are less cold
tolerant and in cold regions the Canes can be left on the ground and protected
with Row cover over the winter. In spring the Canes can be lifted and tied to a
trellis three feet and six feet. I’m gonna weed, clean below these raspberries and then I’m gonna add compost and mulch and then I’m gonna do the winter pruning.
Please check out the video on how to care for raspberries. Prune your pears
apples peaches and nectarines and be sure and check out our winter pruning
video. Apply dormant sprays after all the leaves have dropped and then follow it
up with two more applications. Dormant spraying kills overwintering insect eggs,
mites, soft bodied insects, scale and fungal diseases like peach leaf curl.
Treat your stone fruit trees that are susceptible to peach leaf curl with
dormant sprays three times. Treat after leaf drop again, at new year’s day and a
third time at Valentine’s Day. If you plan on planting any bare root fruit
trees, pre dig your holes before the ground gets too cold or before it gets
too wet. Food supplies are scarce for wild animals so protect your small trees
and shrubs from deer and rabbits and other pests with deer fencing and with
tree guards. There are also a lot of other methods that you can find on our
how to control deer video. Order your bare root fruit trees, vines, berries and
vegetable crowns. These items ship in December and January
but sometimes we run out if quantities are limited. Be sure and check out all
the gift ideas for the gardener’s in your life or on your list. Depending on
your climate and what kind of olive tree you have, you might still have time to
harvest your olives. Most importantly enjoy the holiday season I’ll check back
with you in February. Grow organic for Life!