A plough is a tool or farm implement used in farming for initial cultivation of soil
in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.
Or A Plough or Plow is an Agricultural Implement
which is used to cut the soil and make it suitable for the process called seed sowing.
* A plough may be made of wood, iron, or steel frame with an attached blade or stick used
to cut the earth. Ploughs were initially human-powered.
But, later animals were pressed into service The first animal-powered ploughs were pulled
by oxen, and later in many areas by horses The primary purpose of ploughing are :-
1. to turn over the upper layer of the soil 2. bringing fresh nutrients to the surface
3. Destroying weeds and the remains of previous crops and allowing them to break down. Furrow – As the plough is drawn through the
soil it creates long trenches of fertile soil called furrows
The very basic parts of the plough are:- 1.Handle
1.Handle There is generally one or two handles in a
plough. 2. Beam
The wooden or metal bar that connects the blades, shares, and their mountings to the
yoke, which in turn is attached to the harnesses fitted to the draught animals that provide
the power. The plough beam has to be strong enough to transmit the power from the traction
through to the blades and share cutting through the ground, but long enough for the draught
animals not to be snagged by the ploughing mechanism itself.
3.Body It is the base part of the plough which helps
in tillage. 4. Shoe
Any of various devices for covering, protecting, or supporting a ploughshare. The shoe and
body make one piece in the case of ploughs being used in Kullu, Solan, Shimla, Sirmour,
Lahaul & Spiti and Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh.
5. Share the main cutting blade of a plough, behind
the coulter(share point). Yoke
A yoke is a wooden beam normally used between a pair of oxen or other animals to enable
them to pull together on a load when working in pairs, as oxen usually do; some yokes are
fitted to individual animals. The Advantage of using Plough
The first reason is to accomplish deeper seed level for efficient penetration.
It adds more humus and fertility to the soil by covering vegetation and minerals.
It destroys the unwanted weeds. It gives the soil the condition to breathe
easily and air can easily pass through the soil.
The seeds are able to establish good contact with the soil.
The insects and their eggs are destroyed. The surface reaches to such a condition
in which the erosion by wind is a rare possibility