Articles, Blog

Mythical Caves and Gardens: Crash Course World Mythology #32

November 7, 2019


Hey there, I’m Mike Rugnetta, this is Crash Course Mythology, And today, we are going- spelunking! Spelunking in the world of myth! Also gardening in the world of myth. You know what they say: Dress for the job you want- not the one you have. Many myths take place outside of time and space, remember, “without form and void”? But often, myths have specific meaningful settings, and over the next few episodes, we’re going to talk about some of the most important places where myths have happened. According to scholars Lenard and McClure, there are many location-based tropes that repeat in myths from around the world. Sacred waters, caves, mountains, and there are mythic gardens, and forests, too. Scholar David Leeming has even added cities and temples to the list. Today we’re going to look at two mythic settings side-by-side: the garden, and the cave, which play complementary roles in various stories of creation. (Theme music) Considering that gods hate weeding, it’s surprising how many myths involve gardens. We’ve discussed a few already, like the Garden of Eden, or the Garden of the Hesperides, where the apples of immortality were kept. Gardens come in different shapes, and sizes, there are even stories of gardens, inside caves. You can see this clearly in the Greek and Roman myths of the Underworld. Hades is a vast, underground land. Dark and shadowy, but it still has some lush garden features, there are pomegranate trees that provide food for Persephone, and grapes which tempt Tantalus. And yet, when Orpheus attempts to bring Eurydice out of Hades, He’s described as bringing her up through the dark mouth of a cave. Mythic gardens and caves often work as symbols, more than literal descriptions. And where the meaning of those symbols need to overlap, they do. Sometimes in a way that’s weird or otherworldly to those of us with first-hand experience of actual gardens and caves. But this raises a question: What symbolic values do we associate with caves and gardens? To answer, let’s turn to a pair of stories about the origin of humanity. First up, the garden. We already talked about this story in an earlier episode, with Adam, and Eve, and a sneaky serpent. Then, we focused on the actions and relationships of these characters, and how they set up a social order. Now, we’ll focus on how heavily rooted this story is in place: the idyllic Garden of Eden. the idyllic Garden of Eden. We can talk about the garden of Eden, as both, a physical setting and a metaphor, as a place Eden is described as lush and growing. In addition to Adam and Eve, the place is overrun with nature and wildlife. Livestock and creeping things and bests of the earth According to their kinds. Hey! creeping things, we missed you we missed you guys. Of all the fruits bearing trees in the garden, there are two that matter most. The tree of the knowledge of good and evil and the tree of eternal life. Entered the sneaky serpent, and attempt to lied to Yahweh and… you know the rest but more important than the physical features of Eden, is its position as a paradise from which humans are expelled because of their disobedience and as hopeful state we supposedly want to return to. Eden doesn’t disappear, but humans never find a way past the angel with the flaming sword who’s stationed at and blocking the entrance. So, the perfect image of the garden, helps tell the story of humanity’s fall from a state of perfection, to one of debasement. As mythology scholars Lener and McClure put it, after their disobedience humans must life “in an ill word, marked by disharmony, broken relationships suffering and death.” We can compare this story and the symbolism of the garden with a creating myth from the zuni people of the american west which involves a very important cave, one inspired by the grand canyon. According to the Zuni, humanity wasn’t expelled from a bright garden, but rather emerged from a system of dark forbidden caves. Instead of paradise, these caves serves as a symbol for chaos. Lets go to the thought bubble. Long ago, before humanity was fully formed, they all lived deep on the ground, in dark caves. No one can see could see each other, the humans have horns and a tails, they have webbed finger and toes and lack some… other… features too. You’ll see soon enough! The sun, sees humanity living in this state and sends his two sons, younger brother and elder brother to help the people travel off to the bright hills of surface. Elder and younger find the people in, gross conditions stepping and spitting and urinating on each other. So, elder and younger plant trees. Pines, spruce, silver spruce and aspen. Each representing one of the cardinal directions. As the brothers rise through the levels of the under realm, they drive a prayer stick from one of the trees into the earth. This creates a sound like thunder, that raises the people into each new world. The people are now on the surface but they aren’t fit for their new home. Elder and younger, given them corn, only to realize, the people have not mouth so while the people sleep, the two sneak among them and cut mouths into their heads so they can eat and luckily, the people love eating. Until… another problem pops up. All that digested corn has no where to go. Younger realizes that none of these people have anuses. [fart sound] So, another round of sleepy top surgery and everyone fells much…relieved. Over the next days elder and younger keep tweaking the humans, slicing their webbed hands so they can cook, chopping off their horns and tails, until at long last, humans… are complete. Thanks thought bubble! there are other versions of the Zuni myth where, after emerging from a spot at the grand canyon, the Zuni people set off in search of the “idiwan’a” or “Middle place”, where they can achieve balance. On their journey, they stopped at a number of sites that become sacred to the Zuni, until finally settling at a spot near the head waters of the Zuni river. All the sacred places are tied together by the river of the region. But, we’re going to talk about the sacred waters in a later episode, whats important for now, is the role that caves play in the symbolism of this creation story. As a place of confusion, out of which humanity is guided. Before, comparing this cave of creation with the garden of Genesis, it’s interesting to look at another image of the cave that has had profound influence on the western thinking, and echos the association of caves, with immaturity or under development. Plato’s allegory of the cave. In his Republic, Plato describes a great cave as a way to explain, why people wouldn’t readily accept the wisdom of awesome philosophers? like himself. It asks us to imagine a world in which humans are sitting in a dark cage, chained up so they can only face forward. Behind them, out of view, unseen agents parade a series of objects, in front of a great light, from where humanity sits, they can only see the shadow that flicker across the wall, cast by the real objects behind them. The shadows, are their reality. Plato says imagine that one of the chained viewers breaks free and makes his way out of the cave. Just like the Zinies, Plato’s imaginary escapee is blinded by the brightness of the world outside the cave. Eventually, his eyes adjust and things come into focus but, he still has difficulties believing that what he sees, is real but knowing about whats outside the cave, he runs back in to tell the others. When he tries to explain to them that what they think is really is only a projection, people in the cave don’t believe him. Plato suggests that those chained up might even try to kill, who ever got free. That person, who escape the cave is, you guest it a philosopher. Point out to the rest of us that our reality its actually a pale reflection of a more true world. Plato’s cave and the Zuni emergence story are obviously very different but we want to involve the creation of the anus, for instance. But in both cases, the world of the cave is both physically and metaphorically dark, The cave is a position of ignorance or inability and the surface represents represents enlightenment figuratively and literately. One can even say that, the emergence leads to humanity reaching a more perfect state. As Lener and McClure put it: “In the Zuni tale… humans existed in a dark, imperfect world… At the calling of father , they emerged from this dark chaos into a world of light and healthy relationships and harmony with their fellow inhabitants….” This is a stark contrast to the creation story of Genesis, where human beings, having being created by God, begin as perfect beings and then are forced into a state of imperfection, when ejected from the garden, like the heaveness revelers they are. The story of humanity, isn’t only a story of a fall but a quest to return, to reenter paradise. Obviously, in the Zinies story, none is clamoring to get back into the cave of no anus. We can ask then, whether this inverted orientations regarding creation make a difference in their respect to cultures. Do you go about your day differently, depending upon whether you think of earth as a place of punishment for leaving a perfect garden versus the garden itself? A reward for making it out of the dark cave of chaos. Next week, we are going to stick with our mythical settings and head for the hills to talk about, magical mountains. Thank for watching, well see you next time. Check out our Crash Course mythology Thoth, Thoth bag and poster Available now at datdf.com [Theme song] Crash Course mythology is filmed in Chad & Stacey Emigholz Studios, in Indianapolis, Indiana and is produced with the help of all of this very nice people. Our animation team is Thought Cafe. Crash Course exists, thanks to the generous support of our patrons at patron. Patron is a voluntary subscription service, where you can support the content you love, through a monthly donation, you can help keep Crash Course free for everyone, forever. Crash Couse is made with Adobe Creative Cloud. Check the description for a link to a free trial. Thanks for watching and while you might thing endless soups, salads and bread-sticks must be a myth! That garden, is for real That garden, is for real

100 Comments

  • Reply Andrew Stück October 31, 2017 at 1:20 am

    While I can appreciate the connection, the Allegory of the Cave is just that; an allegory. It technically does not count as a "myth".

  • Reply Sue Wang October 31, 2017 at 2:03 am

    The most awesome ending thought so far..

  • Reply Tlactl October 31, 2017 at 3:54 am

    Surprised that no one commented on the Rick and Morty cronenberg in the thumbnail

  • Reply AscendedBeyond October 31, 2017 at 4:18 am

    Man I really enjoy this show but your intro is like a cacophony of madness. Its probably just me but idk

  • Reply Horses are not Lasagne! October 31, 2017 at 4:40 am

    On the note of inverted interpretations of creation myths and convergent myths, the Zuni tale reminds me the Chinese story of Huntun, another variant on a world egg. The legend says that in a primordial time, two emperors, Lightning in the Southlands and Thunder in the Northlands would deliberate about rule in the vase expanse between their realms, a place where Chaos presided. Chaos was beloved by Thunder and Lightning and to show their gratitude for the generosity of their host, Thunder and Lightning looked upon Chaos and remarked that Chaos was featureless and devoid of all the orifices which were necessary for life. They decided they would gift Chaos these blessed senses and on each night they would bore a hole into Chaos – two eyes to see, a mouth to eat, an anus and urethra to expel, two ears to hear, two nostrils to smell, pores to feel, and a canal to give birth – and on the seventh night of these gifts, Chaos died.

  • Reply Practical Theist October 31, 2017 at 5:38 am

    I've had a hard time with the Fall bringing death into the world: uh, did Adam and Eve EAT? 'Cause, I doubt whatever they ate was still alive when it was pooped out …

  • Reply Agrul Sha'lak October 31, 2017 at 6:59 am

    Please mention Alejandro's Holy Mountain next week.

  • Reply Mojos Bigstick October 31, 2017 at 7:42 am

    Humans versus the Nac Mac Feegle.

  • Reply HUNdAntae October 31, 2017 at 9:06 am

    The topos of cave vs garden is not so symbolic: living like a caveman is "feral" and uncivilized while the young civilizations of the Neolithic were fully or partially agricultural. It is clear that the message is: "we are the gardeners, we are in control of our surroundings, we have the power, look how full our granaries are, look how vast are out herds are…" in other words, besides the symbolism that we attach to these stories nowadays, back in the time when these stories emerged, they were more of a propaganda material i recon.

  • Reply Ben Cradick October 31, 2017 at 10:57 am

    If there’s an episode for every time mike says but we’ll talk about that in a later episode; we’re in for more episodes than a successful soap opera.

  • Reply Hannah Goldman October 31, 2017 at 3:39 pm

    I'm wondering about female-centered mythology where caves are metaphors for wombs–places of creation.

  • Reply NayvieNoir October 31, 2017 at 3:55 pm

    Mythology is just fascinating- a testament to how creative people can be. Humans with no mouths and anuses? Who comes up with this stuff??

  • Reply BAHJALO GUYTON October 31, 2017 at 4:26 pm

    wow!

  • Reply Jake Scheirer October 31, 2017 at 6:35 pm

    Dat's some good questions at the end there. Yes indeedy.

  • Reply JoAnne Markov October 31, 2017 at 7:22 pm

    Something beginning as a garden (where seed is planted and fertilized, then grows into fruit) and exiting through the mouth of a cave calls to mind the story of our gestation and birth.

  • Reply Furkan Cebeci October 31, 2017 at 7:36 pm

    I like how there's still no ancient Turkic mythology.

  • Reply Jenny Sweeney November 1, 2017 at 12:49 am

    It's interesting how the Zunyi (sp) myth promotes the idea of knowledge and exploration as a way to the reward of becoming truly human while the Christian one condemns the pursuit of these things and punishes Adam and Eve for gaining an enlightened state.

  • Reply Michelle Boese-Empey November 1, 2017 at 5:22 am

    When do we get captions?

  • Reply Ryan Greenwood November 1, 2017 at 3:15 pm

    the two creation stories, zuni and bible, describe the same human race at different stages of development. one entering the garden, one leaving. chaos, formlessness, and the void existed before the garden of eden, and sound like a cave. those who left the way of the garden eventually met up with those who stayed and it didn't go well.

  • Reply laila franklin November 1, 2017 at 11:38 pm

    0:11 is that the guardian of the bridge of death that thoth is dressed as from Monty Python's the search for the holy Grail.

  • Reply Rosana Econg November 2, 2017 at 1:19 am

    I appreciate how everything is presented respectfully but also in a not too serious and fun kind of way

  • Reply Ben Aaron November 2, 2017 at 2:17 am

    The Allegory of The Cave will always entertain my mind.

  • Reply Santiago Herrero November 2, 2017 at 9:03 am

    I love angel Gandalf

  • Reply DeRien8 November 2, 2017 at 8:45 pm

    I like that Star Trek "cave garden" shot

  • Reply Yaara Bash November 2, 2017 at 9:39 pm

    The phrase "Garden of Eden" in Hebrew has two meanings- heaven and paradise

  • Reply Yosi Weitzman November 3, 2017 at 3:02 am

    I think Sumerians are a sub divison of Ancient Isralites because They have similar garden myths and Sumerian cuneiform is similar to Amorite cuneiform which was a Semitic language

  • Reply DieWeltIstSchlecht November 3, 2017 at 8:00 am

    The Cave of Noanus must be the dumbest creation myth I've ever heard.

  • Reply Aaron McLaughlin November 3, 2017 at 8:43 am

    Cave of the Assless Men

  • Reply Spencer Vida November 4, 2017 at 2:00 am

    "Sleepy Time Surgery"!

  • Reply yashiWinchester November 4, 2017 at 2:11 pm

    Mike and the entire CC team, you guys are doing an amazing job!

  • Reply pennymac16 November 4, 2017 at 6:28 pm

    I don't know why, but the subtitles are off in this one. Still a good episode, though =)

  • Reply Bluecho4 November 5, 2017 at 10:34 pm

    I would argue that Adam and Eve were not Perfect – only God is perfect – but rather Innocent. They were allowed to exist in paradise because they had done nothing to warrant blame. But then, when they ate the forbidden fruit, they made a conscious decision to disobey (even if, being innocent, they knew not the ramifications of that rebellion). Obviously this resulted in their Sin, and meant they no longer deserved to live in paradise (Paradise is only for those who don't disobey the Most High).

    But it could also symbolize the inevitable transition from innocent childhood to not-innocent adulthood. Or, perhaps more in line with the Christian idea, into not-innocent adolescence . A period of rebellion and exploration about what it means to live. Thrust from the innocence and safety of childhood, humans must learn to overcome their faults. In the Christian sensibility, a human can only truly be spiritually Adult when they have reconciled with their heavenly Father, and learn to lead a moral life. They can never be truly innocent, but they can become truly Mature. Humanity disobeying God was inevitable – they are imperfect – and so the forbidden fruit itself was just a formality. The whole of human history is humanity attempting to mature, and God's attempts to teach them to grow up.

    And Hell? Well, I think of Hell as being, not a place where humans are consigned as punishment, but as a gift from God to those who refuse to grow up. If they will remain in rebellion – if they truly wish to live for themselves only and not for or with God – God will respect (if not like) that choice. Hell is a space with nothing in it; where the light of heaven does not shine. In relation to this video, it is like a cave. A dark place where those people who refuse to grow up can go to remain in rebellion. A place where God will never bother them again. A place where they can be truly alone. Truly be nothing – not even human – but themselves. Forever.

  • Reply Farajaraf November 5, 2017 at 10:55 pm

    We need to check the caves to make sure there aren't any pre-humans left.

  • Reply DarkStarGodXX PokeDragon123 November 5, 2017 at 11:14 pm

    @Zunee thank you for making anal sex a thing

  • Reply Elie Berman-Brodsky November 6, 2017 at 12:59 am

    7:39 is that Hank?

  • Reply Disha Chatterjee November 6, 2017 at 5:36 pm

    kinda looks like Mitchell from Modern Family

  • Reply Alfred Pek November 6, 2017 at 9:45 pm

    Please do a lot more Indonesian myths and folk stories please! We have plenty of legendaries one too

  • Reply Morgan Schodlatz November 7, 2017 at 1:37 am

    If you went from a garden to a nice cave you would still crave the sun.

  • Reply eifelitorn November 8, 2017 at 3:44 pm

    3:12 why does Adam have a bellybutton ?

  • Reply Zack Mason November 9, 2017 at 11:32 pm

    Why haven't the new episodes of Crash Course Mythology been added to the Mythology Playlist?

  • Reply sARA rOBINSON November 10, 2017 at 9:05 pm

    you should write a book on mythology i would really be interested in reading it or maybe suggesting some book we could read or textbooks

  • Reply Dragon born November 12, 2017 at 11:50 pm

    3:05 – 3:44 That is harsh punishment for being curious about the universe and/or eating an apple. Why do dumbasses (I mean Christans) worship this tyrant of a god who has huge mood swings doesn't like people who don't take his word on everything and is a white male supremacist. Even if this God exists he doesn't deserve worship.

  • Reply leon kenedy November 13, 2017 at 6:54 am

    As much as I like the Garden of Eden story, I have decided that the Zuni story about the Caves are a much better alternative to the Genesis story.

  • Reply Dai Qibao November 13, 2017 at 9:01 pm

    How do you know the American Indians thought x, when they don't have writing? Evidence please?

  • Reply Jacob Pessin November 13, 2017 at 9:20 pm

    Just an FYI: pronouncing the Hebrew G-d as "Yahweh" is just kinda wrong. The word in Hebrew יהוה, has no vowels as hebrew is an abjad, and the known pronunciation of the word was lost after the destruction of the second temple in Jerusalem. So saying just G-d is better.

  • Reply Zhen Ye November 14, 2017 at 2:24 am

    But both the cave stories created assholes

  • Reply manish jadhav November 14, 2017 at 9:13 am

    Can you make a video about Lucifer

  • Reply Nicholas Nino November 14, 2017 at 4:10 pm

    Bless you guys

  • Reply Onodera1980 November 17, 2017 at 7:56 pm

    So if it wasn't for those Younger and Elder brothers, we wouldn't need to consume calories? I could live with not having to kill things to sustain myself. I could also live without defecation.

  • Reply Jaymon Hotz November 18, 2017 at 12:26 am

    Plato's allegory of the cave is not mythology.

  • Reply SAinTIdiVAca November 18, 2017 at 9:27 pm

    Was Tote dressed as Tim the Enchanter?

  • Reply Brielle Nielson November 19, 2017 at 1:57 am

    God's plan all along was to have Adam and Eve leave their perfect garden. They have to disobey in order to learn for themselves. Its like kicking kids out of the house once they grow into adults. Its not fun, but you have to grow and learn for yourself

  • Reply Alex G November 19, 2017 at 7:47 am

    What about the many myths of the cave as a place of rebirth? Of a womb of Mother Earth?

  • Reply Hecatonicosachoron November 19, 2017 at 4:34 pm

    So nobody interprets a cave as a womb?

  • Reply Evan A November 21, 2017 at 6:10 am

    How were the cave people spitting on eachother if they didn't yet have mouths?

  • Reply Leslie Tyler November 26, 2017 at 6:02 pm

    Mike Rugnetta, Can you guys do one about Arthurian Mythos, King Arthur, the Grail Knights and the quest, as well as exploring the myth around Merlin> The cave, or 'crannog' that he supposedly lived in reminded me of this episode about caves. Merlin's cave had a totally different mythological meaning than any mentioned in this episode, and I was hoping you might mention Celtic myth and the meaningfulness of caves in their Pantheon. But yeah, you guys neglected Celtic mythology in all of this, and there is a TON of it to discuss.

  • Reply ayyKatx November 27, 2017 at 8:22 am

    58 people are clamoring to get back to the Cave of No Anus.

  • Reply Konradical November 28, 2017 at 5:30 am

    i liked this
    🙂

  • Reply Feynstein 100 November 28, 2017 at 5:42 am

    So the Zuni myth basically says that humans came to be after a repeated process of small changes and selection? That's basically evolution. Huh.

  • Reply komentator zad ruge December 1, 2017 at 4:56 pm

    without that anus creating gods I would have anything to eat.

  • Reply Tom Patterson December 9, 2017 at 5:18 am

    spelled yhwh: uh-h-oo-h

  • Reply DSfan81 December 27, 2017 at 6:31 am

    The cave creation myth described here makes me think of the Hyoomans from Adventure Time, who live in underground caves and have gills. I wonder if the writers were inspired by this particular story.

  • Reply Kat The Nerdfighter December 27, 2017 at 8:38 pm

    It’s fascinating, all the metaphors various cultures come up with, and then take for granted, even though they are subjective concepts we made up based off of our also subjective experiences. You can see it in language – for example, the ever present equating of darkness and lowness with bad stuff, and highness and light with good.

  • Reply Kevin Nolan January 13, 2018 at 6:04 pm

    The Cave of No Anus 🙂

  • Reply Balaam _ January 15, 2018 at 3:27 am

    When it got to the cave part I kept waiting to hear about the furtive Pygmy and the lord souls

  • Reply jesus mora January 16, 2018 at 1:09 pm

    wow the native americans believed in evolution

  • Reply Casey Jewels February 5, 2018 at 2:57 am

    I don't go about my day thinking I'm stuck in a prison/punishment. I go about my day knowing I have a divine birthright.

  • Reply Messalina February 8, 2018 at 4:39 am

    It's all about the knowledge and enlightement. Christians never got it right, for them it's obedience that matters, not knowledge. So once people started questioning their surrounding and political power – they were… excommunicated, I guess. But I could never see knowledge as a bad thing – a complete freedom of will can't exist without it and that matters more than any God.

  • Reply Billy Moran February 17, 2018 at 5:21 pm

    If you think of the earth as a place of punishment, then you don't care for it, and you keep destroying it.
    If you think of it as a reward, then you look out for it, you respect it.
    Enough of a difference to me.

  • Reply Jayven Osler March 28, 2018 at 5:30 pm

    that looks disting hahahahaha

  • Reply Liam Fitz-Gerald March 31, 2018 at 11:52 pm

    Why wasn't the hanging garden of Babylon add to this episode?

  • Reply Light Yami April 8, 2018 at 5:59 pm

    Hey, Mike double dog dare you….to do a Crash Course on…..Demons!!! Unlesss…you're scared.😨

  • Reply Darp Cat May 12, 2018 at 4:35 am

    Ya just gotta love dem creeping things

  • Reply Prabhav Gundeboina May 21, 2018 at 11:21 pm

    A billion monsters that’s eat humans

  • Reply Richard Nixon July 17, 2018 at 11:37 pm

    There is also a version where the person who escapes is so weirded out by the actual reality, that he goes back in the cave because he would rather live the lie he is comfortable with, than accept the reality he is shocked of. Relating to the ignorance of people towards philosophy

  • Reply Brittany McNeal August 4, 2018 at 5:15 pm

    (^^)

  • Reply crimson90 August 28, 2018 at 8:35 pm

    "Cave of No Anus" would be a great metal band name.

  • Reply Abel Esperanz August 30, 2018 at 1:39 pm

    it aint no eden to me if there aint no net or porn

  • Reply AnarchaMaenad August 30, 2018 at 4:05 pm

    Tantalus didn’t live in Hades. After trying to trick the Olympians by killing his son, Pelops, and trying to serve him for dinner (to prove that the gods aren’t omnipotent), Zeus kills him and sends him to Tartarus, where the titans were imprisoned. Tartarus is also where Sisyphus is spending his eternal torment.

  • Reply James Mac777 September 1, 2018 at 10:53 pm

    In the Garden of Eden story, when God cast Mankind out (the first parents, Adam and Eve) HE sent us to a different place, and anti-realism rules this universe. Anti-realism means there are no objective standards of good and evil, where they are all relative to what we believe, and this is punishment by God, because he cursed the world for the sake of the first parents. I say this because there is a hidden assumption and mock in the public that God always blesses you, and this is clearly not true, where God is not raining lightning bolts from heaven down upon the robbers, rapists, and murderers. HE left our choices up to us to choose righteous or unrighteous paths, and it is literally a choice in free will. This spins, because we have choice, then we get responsibility for ourselves in our free will; because we have responsibility, then we have morality and ethics that don't exist when we don't have choice (where a choice of one is not a choice, where you cannot be immoral by not having choices); because we have morality and ethics, then we have law, where law is the sting of sin (wrong-doing). God gave Mankind law, and this is why the material universe is cursed, because it literally became our choice: the only time God stops cursing us is when HE is our God, such as through Jesus Christ, because HE wants to be our God, and this is when HE helps us, corrects us, and disciplines us for the right paths, where the curse is lifted by belonging to the family of God. In Christian thinking, the only path without God's curse is through Jesus Christ by belonging to the family of God, and there is no other path to Heaven. For the Jews, God judges us by our ways, where if you make a promise of HIM to the God box (the Ark of the Covenant story), then HE will keep you to that promise and judge you by it, and this is the path of the Jews.

  • Reply James Mac777 September 1, 2018 at 11:10 pm

    I find how the Native American Indian stories focus upon poop stories is very interesting, because when you live in the wilderness as nomadic tribes in t-pees, then where people poop can also be a sign of your social status. As you know trickster Coyote is the winner of the poop-distance contest in bad ideas, but he tells stories with perfection so that people keep talking about Coyote.

  • Reply Christian Chen Liu September 14, 2018 at 11:19 pm

    "There are also mythic cities …"
    Me: ATLANTISSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS!

  • Reply Jr Meldwin Gaurana September 16, 2018 at 7:59 am

    I just fascinated how they insert poops in every myths.

  • Reply tothboy01 October 29, 2018 at 12:52 pm

    Caves are the anuses, vaginas, and mouths of mother earth.

  • Reply teabooks November 11, 2018 at 11:26 pm

    Yeah um… please don’t try to say the name of G-d (YHWH). It’s disrespectful to the Jewish people.

  • Reply Jake Zingeser November 20, 2018 at 9:45 pm

    Is no one notice the Cronenberg from Rick and Morty in the thumbnail???

  • Reply Average Misfit January 16, 2019 at 5:24 am

    Damn that’s metaphoric

  • Reply LaughingSeraphim February 18, 2019 at 11:58 pm

    i wonder if the difference between cave, garden and city could tell us something about WHEN a myth originated?

  • Reply Travels World March 2, 2019 at 7:20 pm

    We Asian don’t believe in western religion and we Asian believe in Asian religion and Harappa dharma.

  • Reply Deepak Arya March 6, 2019 at 4:02 pm

    Wow !! So much positivity in the Zuni culture. I am gonna adopt that culture.

  • Reply Eli Ashcroft March 11, 2019 at 7:09 pm

    Knowledge of good and evil v. anus

  • Reply Ruata Lungchuang April 2, 2019 at 9:22 pm

    The Zuni creation myth is very similar to the Mizo creation myths. many Northeast Indian tribal societies have the same out of the cave creation story.

  • Reply IntermediateJesus April 16, 2019 at 11:18 pm

    How did they drink enough to be able to pee on one another without mouths?

  • Reply Will Huey April 20, 2019 at 9:40 pm

    and also the story orpheus and eurydice is that orpheus ignored hermes warning to not look back and she disintigrated after he said not to when leaving the underworld.

  • Reply Guy43 May 18, 2019 at 7:08 pm

    3:20 SCP-001

  • Reply Isaac Bakan June 12, 2019 at 10:07 pm

    The Zunye myth is interesting as the primate ancestors of humans did have tails

  • Reply Timothy Ibrahim July 3, 2019 at 9:32 am

    6:53 that’s not Greek, that’s Coptic

  • Reply Elizabeth Lyons August 14, 2019 at 9:07 pm

    This is a great series. Could you some day come to Celtic myths including Welsh and Cornish myths?

  • Reply Michael Borror August 18, 2019 at 6:38 am

    Or sitting at home all the time, or wearing nice clothes, while puncturevine runs rampant over the land…

  • Reply All On My Own Here We Go September 25, 2019 at 9:14 pm

    Great philosophical question to leave us with!

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