Articles, Blog

Is EUROPE ending PROTECTIONISM in AGRICULTURE? – VisualPolitik EN

August 8, 2019


Here’s a challenge for you: After you finish
watching this video, go to your kitchen and open the fridge. Then, try to find something that has been
produced outside of your country. And if you’re watching this video from a
European Country, try to find some product produced outside of the European Union. I bet you can’t even find one. Doesn’t it surprise you? Well, think about it… your Mobile phone
has been manufactured in more than 20 different countries. The pants you’re wearing right were manufactured
in a country like China or Bangladesh. And maybe the company you work for is also
foreign. No surprises here, right? We all agree that we live in a globalized
economy. Nonetheless, food is the exception to the
rule. Agriculture is an industry that is completely
protected from foreign competition. And make no mistake: this has nothing to do
with Donald Trump. In fact, if you think he’s the creator of
trade wars… Well, you’re absolutely wrong. Actually, the primary sector exists in a never
ending cold war. That’s why, from time to time, we see headlines
like this one… Trade War Rips Through Farm World; Soybean,
Hog Prices Fall Or this other one… EU cuts import tariffs in a bid to end ‘banana
wars’ But there are more than tariffs here. In fact, tariffs are just one of the many
tools used to attack foreign markets. And it’s not even the deadliest. Here’s an example: America spends more than
20 billion dollars a year in subsidies for their farmers. Sound like a lot? Well, not compared to the whopping 72 billion
dollars that the EU spends in subsidies every year. And now you might wonder… but what do subsidies
have to do with trade wars? The answer is… A LOT! For example, this milk break you see on the
screen is worth an average of 60 euro cents in a Spanish supermarket. From those 60 cents, the Spanish farmer would
get 30 cents. But his actual revenue is going to be 44 cents. Why? Because the European Union will give him a
subsidy of 14 cents per liter. Thanks to this Grant, the farmer can sell
cheap and still make Money. And this is why Europe doesn’t need to buy
African sugar despite it being cheaper. Or even more surprisingly, why American or
European producers can smash the competition in African markets despite having higher wages. But wait a minute because things are about
to change. And this time, the free market champion is
not America, nor Japan, nor Australia… My dear viewers, despite what you might expect,
if there is somebody willing to start an agricultural liberalization, it’s the EUROPEAN UNION. Emmanuel Macron breaks French taboo on farm
subsidies A French President questioning the subsidies
on farming is like… a hipster closing his instagram account. Something never seen before. For years, the so called, “Common Agricultural
Policy”, also known as the CAP has been one of the pillars of the European Union. And France is, by far, its biggest supporter. But, as I said, things are about to change. So now the question is… Is Europe ready to liberalize its agricultural
sector? Are we about to see the end of the food trade
wars? And most importantly of all… is this good
or bad news? In this video, we are going to answer all
of these questions but, before we do, let’s take a look back at history. WHAT IS CAP USED FOR? Let’s imagine we have a wheat farm in ESSEX,
in the United Kingdom. We harvest the crop and go to sell it to the
market. Last time we did, we received 175 Pounds per
ton. So it makes sense to expect to sell it for
a similar price this time around, right? Well… no. This time, maybe the market price for wheat
is just 150 pounds per ton. This is the reality every farmer faces every
year. By contrast, the price of an iPhone doesn’t
change much over time, so if we sell iPhones, we can make good predictions about our income. But wheat, corn, oil or any other commodity
can change their market price from one day to the other. And now you might wonder… why? What’s the difference between wheat and
an iPhone? Well, the difference is that commodities are
the same everywhere. Did you eat bread today? Could you tell me where the wheat it was made
from was produced? Almost certainly not. The same goes with the oil used to produce
the gasoline you put on your car. You don’t know if it is Saudi or Canadian
oil and… you don’t care. You just want it to be as cheap as possible. Nonetheless, there are just a few dinosaur
juice producers… while wheat, corn and potatoes can be harvested anywhere. So, if one big producer had a good harvest…
that’s going to affect the market price for everybody. Add to this the weather. Too little rain, too much rain, or an unusually
cold winter can be enough to kill off all of your revenue. Nonetheless, we need agriculture because,
unfortunately, you cannot eat dinosaur juice or iPhones. So how can we keep eating while farmers don’t
starve? This might seem like a stupid question, but
believe me, it is one of the hardest problems in economics. And this is where the Common Agricultural
Policy, also known as the CAP, comes into play. This is how the European Union protects their
farmers. When we talk about CAP, we’re talking about
the cornerstone of the European Union. It was a thing even before the Schenghen area
or the Eurozone where born. Actually… do you know who was the actual
father of the CAP? Exactly! The former French president, Charles de Gaulle… “A nation has no friends. Only interests.” –Charles De Gaulle. If you’ve been subscribed to VisualPolitik
for a long time, you already know that Charles de Gaulle was not a big fan of the free market
economy. Well… he wasn’t a big fan of anything
except himself, really. This is why, when France became a member of
the European Single Market, what later would become the European Union, he added a condition. “OK, we’ll sign up here buuuut, you gotta
promise us that nobody is gonna become competition for our farmers”. And this is how the CAP was born: a policy
that is so interventionist, it makes Bernie Sanders look like Warren Buffet. Basically, in order to compensate for potential
loses when market prices go down, the European Union gives them direct cash. For example, if you have a barn with cows
in Spain, Brussels will give you cash straight away for each cow you own. And if you wanna buy a milking machine that
is going to make you more productive… Brussels will help you too. This way Europe is not guaranteeing your income. It is also helping protect you from American
or African producers. And as you might have already imagined, all
this aid costs a shitload of money (read it as it is so I can censor it). If you wanna get a better idea, during the
90s, this CAP comprised 80% of the whole European Budget. And now that Europe is bigger and has more
things to do, CAP still makes up 40% of all EU spending. And… surprise surprise! Guess which country receives the most aid! Of course, that would be… FRANCE! But wait a minute because things don’t stop
there. Beyond direct aid, Europe has other tactics
to avoid price fluctuation: quotas and tariffs. For example, in order to avoid a price drop
in milk, Europe used to but a production limit on each country. That means that you couldn’t produce more
than a certain number of liters. And, of course… who was benefiting the most
from those production quotas? You can guess… the country of croissants
and baguettes. As you can imagine, this milk quota created
all kinds of problems among the other members. And this is why, despite French pressure,
Europe had to put and end to this. END OF
EUROPEAN MILK QUOTAS: A NEW ERA FOR THE FRENCH DAIRY SECTOR And, of course, we also have the tariffs. Tariffs are like sniper bullets to stop very
specific products from getting into European markets. For example, imagine that you are an Argentinan
coffee producer. If you want to sell your RAW coffee, meaning
you take it from the plant and sell it, Europe has no problem. 0 tariffs for you. Why? Because no European country grows coffee. But, oh boy! If you want to sell this coffee already toasted
and processed… good luck! You will have to pay a tariff of 7.5%. Why? Because Europe has factories that process
and toast coffee. And they don’t like competitors. But I know what you’re thinking! Oh, that evil European Union is punishing
the third world! Those Brussels bureaucrats want to destroy
free trade! Well, I have bad news for you, guys… the
truth is EVERY country on this planet does the same thing. In fact, when it comes to tariffs, Europe
is one of the most open regions. For instance, if this Argentinian farmer wanted
to sell his processed coffee in Japan, we would pay a 20% tariff. If we wants to sell bananas, then we has to
pay between 40 and 50%, depending on the season. And what about America, the land of the free? More or less, the same. Almost no country is willing to leave its
farmers alone to compete in a fair competition. Nonetheless, all of this can change. Why? Let’s have a look. BAD TIMES FOR PROTECTIONISM Every year, Europe spends over 72 billion
dollars subsidizing its own farmers. But, as you can imagine, not all the country
members pay the same amount. Just look at the chart. Here you can see the main net contributors. That is, the countries that pay more than
what they get. And surprise! Surprise! Who is the third biggest CAP net contributor? Of course, that would be the United Kingdom,
the country that will no longer be a member of the club. As you can imagine, that leaves a hole of
more than 12 billion euros. This is why many are suggesting that other
countries have to start paying more to keep the spending where it used to be. European Commission urges EU countries to
pay more into budget Nonetheless, who wants to pay more? At a time where euroskeptic parties are stronger
than ever, no politician wants to come back to his own country saying “hey guys, take
out your wallet because now we gotta pay more for being in the EU”. So… if you do the math, you realize that
there is just one option left. Brussels plans to cut its payments to Europe’s
biggest farms Basically, Europe had to reduce the direct
aid given to the farmers. And they have started with the wealthiest
ones, since they’re the ones who needed them the least. But the biggest surprise came with Emmanuel
Macron’s speech. Everybody in Brussels might expect France
to come out as the biggest old school CAP supporter, right? But Macron has other priorities. And this means a green light to cut aid in
the future. Meanwhile, trade deals are in fashion. EU and Mexico agree new free trade pact Yes, yes, yes… and we are not only talking
about Mexico. Look at this news… The European Union rushed to promote its preliminary
free-trade agreement with Japan by stressing the benefits for EU farmers Yes, my dear viewers, slowly, the European
Union is reducing subsidies, reducing tariffs and getting rid of production quotas. And I know what you are thinking now… Come on, Simon! Are you telling us that BREXIT is the only
reason for this change? Of course not! In fact there are two other important reasons. On one hand, European Agriculture is already
more productive than elsewhere. In this video, we told you about the Netherlands
being one of the biggest agricultural powerhouses. In fact, they have what we can call the Food
Silicon Valley. But they are not the only ones! Food exports can’t stop growing. In fact, things like Camembert Cheese or RIBERA
DEL DUERO wine can be found almost everywhere. And they come from Europe. In other words, Europe doesn’t need to protect
its own market anymore but, instead, sign lots of trade deals. And I know what you might be wondering now… Will farmers be happy when they stop getting
all those subsidies from Brussels? Most likely… no. But, the question is… Does it really matter? Look, Peasants unions used to have a big political
grip. During the 60s, when De Gaulle was the French
President, France had millions of people working in the primary sector. Now, they aren’t even 3% of the population. This means way less political sway and way
less votes. But not only that! Who do you think those European farmers vote
for? France’s disillusioned farmers turn to Le
Pen Exactly! Generally speaking, the biggest place for
euroskeptic parties to get their votes is the rural areas, where farmers live. So if you’re a European politician and you
want to make your voters happy… you wanna pay more attention to the urban, Europeanist
voters, instead of the rural, euroskeptic ones. And your average city guy doesn’t even know
what the CAP is all about. That is why today’s question is… Does the CAP have any future whatsoever in
Europe? Will we see greater liberalization of agriculture
in Europe and the rest of the world? Please, leave your answer in the comment section
below. Also, visit RECONSIDER MEDIA, the podcast
that provided the voices in this episode that were not mine. And don’t forget to check out our PATREON
page where you can support our channel and gain access to exclusive content. If you liked this video, give us a thumbs
up and, as always… I’ll see you next time.

100 Comments

  • Reply Anju Maaka August 15, 2018 at 10:42 pm

    I live in Sweden.
    In my refrigerator I found a bottle of okonomiyaki sauce made in Japan, a box of grapes grown in South Africa, dates from Egypt, and soy sauce made in China.

  • Reply Pol August 19, 2018 at 11:18 am

    Yea well if subsidies were uniformed for all EU countries they might be ok but let me give you an example: A Bulgarian farmer ( i know you don't care but humor me ) gets a subsidy of 0.05 eu on a kilo of produce while a Greek farmer gets 0.50 cents. That Greek farmer overproduces ( plus their climate is more accommodating for certain produce ) and he creates dumping on the Bulgarian market at laughable prices because he covers his costs and profits from the subsidy. So subsidies are great thing if you live in a bubble , they don't work so good in the real world.

  • Reply littlerascle59 August 19, 2018 at 8:59 pm

    Agriculture will always be an absolute necessity in any nation. Though I don’t necessarily like the ‘farmers’/corporate welfare’(government subsidies) here in the USA, I do understand to up to a certain extent why it is needed.
    Most middle class people here have issues with it because of the widening economic gap between the rich and poor. Some farmers are filthy rich due to government subsidies but depending on your perception of the political spectrum many will argue that farmers don’t invest in creating more jobs with the extra money they receive therefore making many not confident in trickle down economics.

  • Reply lostintashkent August 20, 2018 at 12:54 am

    I think the test of real intent for the EU will be if they finally get rid of the QUOTAS on Mercosur beef. Will France and Ireland be willing to sacrifice the interests of their farmers for the sake of EU industry gaining better access to the huge markets of Brazil and Argentina?

  • Reply Sum Arbor August 25, 2018 at 12:58 pm

    EU setting up a free trade deal with Mexico watering down US' trade power with Mexico; delicious.

  • Reply Pedro Pinheiro Augusto August 26, 2018 at 4:07 pm

    First of all, I do CARE where my products come from and don't buy anything I know comes from place with bad human rights practice, like Saudi Arabia or Israel to name only two. Second, I think PAC must be reformed and progressively downsized, developing sustainable practices on its way out. Third, consumers should face as unavoidable the fact that food prices will go up, reduce waste and eat better.

  • Reply Sayit AsItIs August 27, 2018 at 3:23 pm

    For almost 14 years France has refused to allow the other EU member states to even formally discuss the total unfairness of the CAP. Now Britain is leaving that has to change because we will eventually stop paying billions onto the Brussels slush pot. But French farmers are highly aggressive SOB's and will stop traffic and combine with other trade unions to stop just about everything. It's going to be very ugly when other peoples money runs out…..

  • Reply erik je August 27, 2018 at 8:27 pm

    HOW ABOUT PEPPER , NUTMEG , BANANA,S ECT

  • Reply Nitron DSP August 28, 2018 at 3:25 am

    The EU break one of it's many subsidies?!!??!?!? ….. do you mean like get rid of subsidy payments while ramping up its tariffs and downright aggressive legal action? Because if it was that I would totally believe it. Ironic how you make money on YouTube vids.

  • Reply AKSHAY GANESH August 28, 2018 at 12:24 pm

    Good thing done by Europe. I like the way the put an end to protectionism by kicking out agriculture subsidies. India must learn a lot from them

  • Reply YuureiInu August 28, 2018 at 5:26 pm

    but what about oil? Can we eat oil??

  • Reply jake Hawtin August 29, 2018 at 7:33 pm

    As my Grandfather (Managed and built up one of the largest farms in part of the UK and instrumental in the creation of artificial insemination for cattle and so on) said about subsidies and protectionism, "it was needed at the end of WW2 but then should have been phased out all it does is keep bad farmers farming". I see how harmful it is here in the South of France, most of the wine around here is turned to vinegar and the farming techniques are very harmful to the environment. You may well have seen some of the farmers from around here playing a part in the Tour de France, other protests include burning rubbish on roads and round abouts damaging trees, other vegetation and the roads in the process and of course not cleaning up any unburnt rubbish at the end. Time farms were treated as any other business.

  • Reply Mr Freeman August 30, 2018 at 9:44 pm

    This was an amazing video! I think there is atleast a space for more open trade of fresh products in Europe coupled with a protection of a few core markets for security reasons. If you want subsidies you apply for a permit to produce "for the nation". That core group probably shouldn't be bigger than 7 products. Open up the rest of the market entirely.

  • Reply Eric Burbach August 31, 2018 at 11:33 am

    Spelling matters……. protectionist

  • Reply h0len August 31, 2018 at 1:45 pm

    As a Norwegian, subsidies are completely understandable.
    If not for them, we would basically have no farmers, because the average wage is so high in the country…

  • Reply Rafa Lopes September 2, 2018 at 11:21 pm

    They dont go leave the protecion of agriculture in europe, Its the only way we have to compete to others nations inside the europe and outside, im portuguese im know that, we are one marquet in europe but we dont play togueder Its only one for self,
    And if they cut the founds, they go put the union in cause, Its the base of union and we are adited to the founds Its the cheat way we have to compet to others european countrys and the world
    If they dont give money we go put union in cause, we have better live in old coin escudo, them now in euro, today Its cheap it euro to buy tecnologie and cars, but the food and every elses in gow up prices Its a error for wus, now we are paying and Its a god paying

  • Reply RogerWilco September 2, 2018 at 11:53 pm

    In its core, the agricultural policies of Europe are a hundred years old, after the food shortages and famines of 1916-1920 and 1943-1947.
    Sure, those also had to do with wars, but also with a lot of European countries relying on imports for their food. The wars showed their vulnerability.
    Food is pretty important.

  • Reply RogerWilco September 3, 2018 at 12:01 am

    You talk about the Netherlands, and then show a clip that's very very VERY clearly from Belgium.

  • Reply Jiří Tuháček September 3, 2018 at 9:31 pm

    Hi guys. This is a very hard and complicated topic, personally, I am not picking side, because I know how the topic is complicated.

    I just want to make a point. I live in Czech Republic, we were part of the Eastern Block. So when we transformed into a free country, our economics and agriculture was in pretty bad shape (what wasn't screwed during comunism, was stolen afterwards during Privatisation (capital letter is right there)). The quality of our food was horrible. The cheepest, shitty food. But in the last years a lot has changed. Things, that would be impossible to get five years ago are now in shops. There is big consumer drive towards quality. And with this, people are willing to pay more for their food. Things like Bio, Free Range etc. are booming. In our country, there is currently big back lash against cage-kept chicken (some big stores will stop selling eggs from them as soon as 2020). So I am pretty sure, that a lot of farmers will have oportunities to compete even at price disadvantages.

    Also, probably the biggest problem with our agricalture is, that disproportionate part of the money goes to the biggest players. To those, who don't need much government help when one year is bad harvest.

    Also. Our Prime Minister, owner of the biggest agriculture corporation in our country, was cought multiple times taking dotations that were supposed to be given only for small bussineses (setting up companies and getting dotations from his own administration).

  • Reply Azivegu September 5, 2018 at 7:32 pm

    The subsidies of CAP should probably stay in place in a reduced form. One of the reasons it was introduced (but not mentioned) is the strategic military reliance. If the EU were ever to be embargoed (economically or militaristicly) or there be a wide spread natural disaster, it is important that the EU is able to supply itself of food. So with the reduction of CAP there should be extra attention for basic food commodities like grain, corn, potatoes and others. Things like Camembert or Chardonnay are not life essential and should be given far less importance.

  • Reply gabbie kavanov September 6, 2018 at 4:10 pm

    isnt europe the best continent for agriculture

  • Reply Eron's Entertainment Store September 6, 2018 at 4:34 pm

    I can find loads od shit from outside of the EU and in my case mainly food…. mainly not clothes… Yet I do know why…

  • Reply NotDumbassable September 8, 2018 at 2:16 pm

    I wish for the CAP to focus on upholding quality in all agricultural goods coming into the EU, as to uphold strict standards.

  • Reply honeriley September 9, 2018 at 5:07 am

    Not all countries use subsidies and tariffs to protect their agriculture sector. Look at New Zealand.

  • Reply Benjamin Bauer September 13, 2018 at 12:28 pm

    Well that's great in Australia we pay the government to do some poor marketing of our agriculture products and ride the wave of global markets rising and crashing.

  • Reply radicalprolapse September 17, 2018 at 11:00 pm

    Small independent eurpoean farmers still need protection, they may not be able to survive a bad harvest

  • Reply Nikolas Maes September 27, 2018 at 11:42 am

    What did Marcon say?

  • Reply CAPELOKO October 12, 2018 at 4:22 am

    Argentina doesn't produce coffe.

  • Reply Gonur Gros dur October 15, 2018 at 5:08 pm

    Hahaha many mistakes but it's a huge and complex topic.
    1. CAP allow to balance the environmental advantage, if not you will have only crops, where it's the most cheap to produce.
    2. Never a french president will be against CAP because farmer have weight in election.
    3 . France give more money to UE that's she get back. Not like UK, thx for brexit!!
    4. CAP allow to small farmers to produce prodcuts of very good quality for our gastronomy culture.

    It's something difficult for USA to understand the place of food in our culture.
    USA food culture is so poor and most of your products are bad quality.

  • Reply Allan Stewart October 16, 2018 at 3:38 pm

    Talking about food like it is oil, and ignoring food security, is a bit dishonest, no?

  • Reply Polish Guy October 17, 2018 at 10:58 pm

    No, I don't want to eat cheap food. Food is not a smartphone. The same comes with medication. I want to buy food from trusted sources. Besides European producers can only compete with highly developed markets.

  • Reply Husky SM October 19, 2018 at 3:19 am

    Nope they wont. They even want to increase it with a new law forbade gorcery stores to collabarate buying. This is a hit against edeka, lidl… Against the german economy again. Hopefully they will never implemant that law.

  • Reply bikkiikun October 21, 2018 at 7:04 am

    Agriculture policy is defence policy.

  • Reply bikkiikun October 21, 2018 at 7:16 am

    The CAP will certainly have a future in the EU, not only as a tool to protect farmers, but also as a tool to drive innovation (eg. organic farming) and it can be used to protect consumers.

  • Reply Charles Ruben October 21, 2018 at 12:13 pm

    don't forget ! europe is swallowing migrants in the numbers i don't expect these migrants or even those who have been in europe to feed on european food culture, china town food markets and indian spices will need to be imported… ooh sugar that is found in 90% of european produce has to be imported and all fruits apart from apples and also cocoa , coffee, tea , milk jesus!! the list goes on and on. Europe is already fed by the world.

  • Reply nipi tiri October 26, 2018 at 8:18 am

    What no mention of the vast difference in subsidies sizes between EU countries?

  • Reply Elior Almog October 27, 2018 at 7:03 am

    Kiwi's, they are sold in the eu and grown at new zeland

  • Reply Bence Bálint November 1, 2018 at 3:06 am

    Opened fridge. It was empty. #hungary

  • Reply Sally Edwards November 4, 2018 at 1:52 am

    Australia doesn't have subsidies. It's been trying to lead by example since last century but being so small it's ridiculous to try. Though why you said it wouldn't be leading suggests that Australian farmers have direct subsidies in place still, when it's already eliminated direct subsidies of the type illustrated in the Spanish milk example. Granted there are indirect subsidies in the form of subsidised diesel and fertiliser but nothing remotely like the subsidies in the US and EU has been in place for decades. Now I'm wondering how thorough the research into your other videos is. 🙁

    I am very glad the the EU is looking at recuding its agricultural subsidies though. They skew trade the world over, as do the ones in the US. I've never been able to figure out why the rest of the economy is happy to subsidise the agricultural sector in this day and age.

  • Reply David Jennings November 4, 2018 at 3:10 am

    You might want to talk about the corporatisation of the farming sector. A lot of those subsidies have been going to large agribusinesses, not traditional farmers. And then there is dumping, which is something the US excels at.

  • Reply Wolf Voigt November 6, 2018 at 1:42 pm

    Argentina is not in the EU

  • Reply Lukas Jicha November 12, 2018 at 8:17 pm

    You forgot to mention, that food in Europe is far more cheaper than in other parts of the world. The reason is subsidies. No politician wants to dramatically increase the price of food for many reasons.

  • Reply Paul Tu November 13, 2018 at 4:02 am

    I like to be chinese, just do not want to fight American. By the way during WW ii, American saved chineses. And mao was fucking in vave

  • Reply طزفيكم ياقوكل November 15, 2018 at 5:37 am

    In the UK it's common to see fruit & veg from Morocco, Tunisia & Jordan, but otherwise it does seem to mostly be the EU.

  • Reply Matt TheChosen November 20, 2018 at 6:31 am

    Plenty of stuff in my fridge and pantry from overseas. Here in Australia we export massive amounts of food, but don't have many restrictions on imports and we generally don't subsidise our agricultural industry. If we had the same sorts of subsidies as America or the EU we would be supplying the whole world with food.

  • Reply Pbro November 24, 2018 at 3:10 pm

    I think this video misrepresents reality due to leaving out a very crucial point: costs due to regulations. Different countries have different regulations (for example: antibiotics, herbicides, stable construction, fertilizer use, allowance to plant certain crops or plow grassland, water usage rights, tax rules). Already within the EU this differs greatly per member state, which strongly influences the costs of production, often not related to natural circumstances. I think therefore it would be better to increase market protection and use quotas for products that are commonly produced in the own market, in order to ensure good prices for famers. Furthermore there should be some sort of control on farmers getting a fair cut of the margin of the final product. Good product prices will lead to motivated farmers who are not dependent on receiving direct payments. Product prices might increase somewhat for consumers, but on the other hand less taxes will be required for the direct payments to farmers. Furthermore, a 10 ct increase in for example milk in the supermarket will not strongly impact the consumer his or her access to food or purchasing power (as food purchase expenditures are a small percentage of total income), but will result in tremendous extra wealth for, currently often underpaid, farmers. This can be used for modernization, maintenance, hiring personnel, paying for complying with new environmental requirements, you name it. More exotic products such as certain fruits could still easily be imported without additional tariffs.

  • Reply Antoine Dunand November 25, 2018 at 12:55 pm

    As someone French I'm happy that Macron is actually trying to reform systems that have issues rather than simply going with what's popular.

  • Reply Gustav Svensson November 25, 2018 at 6:22 pm

    first thing, applers in brazil…

  • Reply Nils Petter Hellvik November 27, 2018 at 11:04 am

    It's kind of the same with us fishermen in Norway. We have a tendency to vote for the same kind of thinking. I feel the world is getting smaller, and borders are going up everywhere. I also don't believe that the solution is to bring everyone to Europe just because life is terrible for the migrants. What about bringing European values to their societies. Use our power over big business and stop exploiting the resources what those people own. We have a good fishing policy in Norway. We only take out what our waters can produce. This is also in agreement with the eu. But 200km outside our shores any country can fish all they want. We need more sustainable solutions for everything. We can not just sell coffee and new fancy shoes to each other. GDP is only a measure of how many times currency change hands. Money is real value. You can save your money and it will still have the same purchasing value over time. Currency like cash and stock markets change its purchasing power all the time. Some people say save your money in gold. Probably a good idea!, but how about saving your money in something else like the fish in the ocean that grows back in a shorter period than 5 years. A fish has a 4-10 year lifespan. From a larva to 5- 30 kg. It only eats: first plankton(krill what is now being fished for omega3) then herring,and other small fish used for farmed salmon. Sorry I'm just a humble fisherman. I don't represent the big companies. I used to work for them and I have seen it all. Sustainability is a cooperation. NILS

  • Reply gabbergandalf667 November 28, 2018 at 9:23 pm

    Is it really such a foreign concept that I don't give a shit where my electronics come from, while still preferring the actual food I consume to be from a place with the highest possible production standards and the most stringent regulations?

  • Reply Mitchell Bridges November 30, 2018 at 3:56 pm

    it is roast coffee ROAST

  • Reply Xastur Speaks December 2, 2018 at 8:28 pm

    6:56 in other words, what we think of as 'capitalist' nations the EU is riddled with and can be thought of as socialist nations, like France, and yes they have markets but they are not true 'free markets' and in some areas like agriculture it is essentially much heavier. A Swedish economist said 'Sweden is not socialist'. He stated 'it does not own the means of production'. Ah, well maybe we need a new definition, but when government limits, directs, and otherwise regulates the economy and what we call supply managment that is in fact a flavor or type of socialism. What we call globalism and socialism are very similar.

  • Reply Xastur Speaks December 2, 2018 at 8:37 pm

    Didn't Macron say nationalism was bad and, what was the word he used? He said it was a 'betrayal of moral values' and "“Patriotism is the exact opposite of nationalism: nationalism is a betrayal of patriotism". Guess what Macron the CAP system is nationalism in another form. In fact, it takes money from all the EU nations and redistributes the wealth back to France.

  • Reply Xastur Speaks December 2, 2018 at 8:43 pm

    11:40 that is why Macron is ending he subsidies or reducting them because if the UK is not paying it would mean the rest would need to pony up and France does not want to pay its fair share

    12:12 notice how I stated it is big factory farms. Imagine that.

    Let's get real using terms like 'farmer' so it turns out they industrialized farms back in the turn of the 20th century. Sure there are family farms and many large family farms, but by and large they reduced the workforce from like 80 percent to like 2 percent or something similar to that and increased the yield, but with that came the factory farm and corporate farms, OR they allowed owner/operates to own, say, chicken farms but only a few top producers like Tyson would buy their chickens to then process to sell at the grocery store. It is not a free market capitalism. Don't think of Ma and Pa owning a small farm. Again, some exist, but what is really going on is they are subsidizing corporate factory farms.

  • Reply Xastur Speaks December 3, 2018 at 1:08 am

    Why would Macron end or reduce the CAP subsidizes? Think of it this way? Who is the political base of Le Penn? the rural, farmers, etc. so by cutting the subsizes he is literallly undercutting his political competition. Think of it like this, say you get votes from food stamp recipients and another politician wins election so he doesn't sign the Farm Bill which is linked to those food stamp programs. In the US that is primarily city based people but increasingly rural people too but politically the politicians, Democrats, get voted into office because of city-poor not rural poor who get the food stamps and if they must start increasing food stamps to rural that is undercutting their voting base (urban poor). In a similar way Macron is using government policy to undercut those who vote and support his opposition.

  • Reply romanvampire December 4, 2018 at 9:28 am

    for historic pic: Europe was just devastated by WW2, many countries severly felt that they had been relying on imported foods , that just stopped with U-boots and so…
    directly, a cold war with a constant threat for a WW3 had started..
    So the MAIN concern was FOOD SECURITY : stimulate recovery and increase of food production in the EU, to guarantee not starving to death if international shipping would suddenly be stopped once more!
    Du gaule did make it a deal extremely well for France, but else it would have been a EU consessus with perhaps national subsidees to do the same.
    PS, Uk is still extremely incapable to feed itself without food imports from the abroad … as it has been unable to for about 2 centuries now.

  • Reply sn0r December 4, 2018 at 12:06 pm

    I have a whole lot of Swiss product in my fridge (produced in .ch too), does that count?

  • Reply Richard Sullivan December 8, 2018 at 8:40 pm

    YouTube Censorship. December 8, 2018 early afternoon. YouTube has blocked out coverage of Paris riots. It is time for uncensored versions of YouTube to be made en masse so the people can have legitimate,unfettered spread of important information.

    Let’s go developers, get off your butts. Do it! Spread this word brothers and sisters.

  • Reply Nereus December 15, 2018 at 1:52 pm

    food is like pharmaceuticals, you can't risk to import adulterated stuff from foreign countries because they have weak policies for food quality. without even considering embargo or sanctions

  • Reply Shane Clements December 23, 2018 at 9:20 pm

    New Zealand got rid of farming subsidies years ago and still competes in the world market. It bred innovation and yes, we also have very good agricultural universities.

  • Reply gavin parks December 26, 2018 at 8:36 pm

    Poor research behind this video. CAP subsidies were long since " decoupled " from production. That's why they are now area based , so that they are not proportional to increases in yields. Cue the complaints about large land owners getting the biggest payments. There really is no pleasing people.
    More seriously – 40 years ago when I left Agri College , there were 5000 dairy farmers in Scotland. Now there are fewer than 900 remaining – not much sign of protectionism there.

    The CAP is rightly concerned about the depopulation and abandonment of Less Favoured Areas – the permanent rural population matter when it comes to keeping schools and services going . Tourists just don't stay around long enough to have the same effect.

  • Reply Connor Devine January 1, 2019 at 12:25 am

    Bs I live in Ireland and I have about 20 products from outside the EU

  • Reply Der Realist January 1, 2019 at 7:18 pm

    Almost every country uses agricultural subsidies. The reason for this is simple: Their benefits extremly overweigh their costs. They lower consumer prices dramaticly. They protect the inhabitants of the state from the globale markets fluctuations. They help the economy because despite of the small percentage of people directly living from agricultural, exist entire industries solely to provide goods for the agricultural sector.

  • Reply George George January 1, 2019 at 8:35 pm

    well.. I am from the EU and I keep mentioning this agro policy as my 1st argument when it comes to where to modernise the EU. The argument goes = instead of spending billions on cows why not spend that on building up our human capital???! What about vegans and lactose intolerant people…all that money goes wasted for these people (for example)

  • Reply nemesis January 3, 2019 at 6:46 am

    Live in the U.K., opened the fridge. Lamb from New Zealand. Wine from California

  • Reply donmab January 4, 2019 at 8:00 pm

    WRONG
    Easy peasy. Beef from Africa, fruit from israel, peppers from Israel, sauces from Hong Kong, jam from Brazil. Got tired after that.

  • Reply Mattis Westby January 14, 2019 at 3:30 am

    Easy rice….

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  • Reply amdaglas February 12, 2019 at 10:09 pm

    Meanwhile Greek farmers spend money from cap on luxury cars

  • Reply Eduardo Espinoza February 18, 2019 at 8:46 am

    EU is fascistic!!!!

  • Reply New Jones February 20, 2019 at 6:00 pm

    What? Europe did nothing but, We Holland did it for you

  • Reply Eel Marwen February 25, 2019 at 6:17 pm

    About 20% of food in the UK comes from outside the UK and EU (check Defra). Tea and coffee, nuts etc come from other countries. But having food with less food miles, grown more locally is surely a good thing?

  • Reply Jatin Dhamecha March 2, 2019 at 5:52 am

    These subsidies should be stopped for all farmers in all countries, they'll get a fair competition and we get it at cheeper price. Indian government increased the tariff on peas and that lead to a big turbulence in the market of processing factories which lead to crisis in the flour prices and their products and subsequently the citizens had to pay more to get the same thing just because the flour was made from indigenous peas. Why way the tariff increased ? Just for the VOTES !!! Appearently There are lot of farmers in India and if the political party wants to stay in power you gotta keep farmers Happy regardless of other citizens' problems. Is there any solution to this ? Probably we shouldn't apply these kinda sh**ty strategy to the next planet we colonize…

  • Reply Teodor Högström March 15, 2019 at 6:21 pm

    I live in Sweden (EU). I've gotten plenty of Russian Kefir.

  • Reply Teodor Högström March 15, 2019 at 6:27 pm

    5:00 yes I do know where the grain came from. Scania, Sweden.

  • Reply Teodor Högström March 15, 2019 at 6:28 pm

    Yes I do know where my gas came from. Norway.

  • Reply AdaptableSmile9 March 22, 2019 at 2:59 pm

    In Ireland, got Turkish figs, California raisins, Thai chilli sauce, south African grapes

  • Reply Shannon Love March 25, 2019 at 4:38 pm

    The Yellow Vest protest are disproportionately from rural areas. Did the end of the CAP in France play a significant role in the protest?

  • Reply Hristo Slavchov March 27, 2019 at 12:55 pm

    Do a bulgarian job,don't be so global.

  • Reply Steve Petty April 15, 2019 at 6:43 am

    There is condemnation of the CAP because it pays huge sums to wealthy landowners to do absolutely nothing with their land, paying them to protect the environment. Sounds daft, but what is really questionable is why these mega landowners can have so much inherited land, sometimes acquired during unsavory times in the UK's history.

  • Reply BuickV April 15, 2019 at 4:09 pm

    Stop with your shitty tone. And stop with the "I mean" and "actually" every 2 sentences. And tell about the benefits of protecting European farmers.

  • Reply Tom Smith April 18, 2019 at 6:05 pm

    Avocados

  • Reply Jacob White April 19, 2019 at 11:44 am

    Those aren’t trade wars disputes. Trade Wars are broader… than just a sector.

  • Reply Knoooby April 24, 2019 at 8:52 am

    sounds like importing african agricultural goods (for a fair price) is a win win? honest question.

  • Reply isokessu April 27, 2019 at 8:48 pm

    When you talk about cheap african sugar it surprises me, 2:33 I mean Finland, you know that EU country between Sweden and Soviet Russia. We used to grow crazy amount of sugars when you think about that 98% of the land is forests instead of fields, so EU said that fuck you and your sugar, you need to buy it from Africa because they are so poor and we need to help them. This is what Spanish, French, British and Italians like to think. Let Africa make our food, lets dig their oil, gold and diamonds, but hey Finland never had part of this cruelty and stealing from the African people. If you buy sugar from africa you should pay them 50 cents per kilo but now you pay like 1 cent, then somebody sells it in shop and they put this fake "fair trade" label in the package. It's a hoax, they just want to take your money and kill the agriculture of Scandinavia

  • Reply indy ribus April 28, 2019 at 6:56 pm

    "The netherlands have what we call the food Silicon valley"
    shows video of Farmer with Belgian flag

  • Reply Francisco M. Viva Mayer May 5, 2019 at 12:26 am

    The Argentinian government don't subsidy the farmers, instead it's stole from them through "retentions" plus taxes.

  • Reply Nilufar Begum May 13, 2019 at 11:39 am

    In Bangladesh, farmers' children don't want to be farmers any more. They want to have modern education and live in the cities. They prefer to be engineers, doctors, professors, etc, and they are becoming so. They want to have a prestigious position in society. Who will then cultivate lands in the future? Who will grow food?

  • Reply Rachel Brinkley May 24, 2019 at 1:30 am

    Macron had to cut the subsidies to pay for the increasing police presence in Paris!

  • Reply TheOvlla June 3, 2019 at 5:47 am

    farmer does not need to buy from forign countries because EU pays the farmer eh….. where those that money come from i wonder? EU is playing robin hood stealing from someone to get more favor.

  • Reply Peter Asbjørn Hansen June 18, 2019 at 12:43 pm

    Let EU finance it self bi a tobin tax

  • Reply nzcln.89gmailcom June 24, 2019 at 11:21 am

    You shouldn't have to subsidise if you are already a very efficient producer. Those who are not efficient the governments should invest in the sector to improve efficiency.

  • Reply poopcola light June 27, 2019 at 4:17 pm

    I live in Canada and we have a lot of food from the USA and thay have a lot from us

  • Reply britoca July 2, 2019 at 9:59 pm

    That intro music… is that Pink Floyd's "Any Colour You Like"? It sure sounds like it: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1oaXqBJRRQ&t=12s

  • Reply TheOerdin July 12, 2019 at 5:19 pm

    One year later and the abomination which is CAP still exists.

  • Reply Lordofall Infinite July 17, 2019 at 7:29 am

    Yep merco-sur deal done

  • Reply Luke iPanda July 23, 2019 at 8:52 am

    Despite all the protections, French villages are still declining.

  • Reply Sayuas July 30, 2019 at 7:28 am

    No mention of the geopolitics angle. When the grain farmers etc collapse because they can't compete, other countries will be able to use food as a bargaining chip against you.

  • Reply Kevin Burris August 5, 2019 at 5:38 pm

    You left out National security concerns over a countries food supply.

  • Reply Albert Owusuansah August 8, 2019 at 12:20 am

    Oh Emmanuel Macron the guy who will be 👑 King???????France is a country of leaches stealing from Francophone countries in Africa.Bogus currencies and lack of resources.????

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