Oh! Hi there!!! Do you want to learn about the Industrial Revolution? Me too! Oo Ooh I Know! That’s when the Scottish guy made all sorts of improvements to the steam engine and stuff.
Wow, You really know what’s WATT! ~cue laughter~ All products used to be hand-crafted before the 18th century. Have you ever wondered… “How did people in the past make enough products to sustain the need of the population?” Well, the truth is that products were unable to meet the demand until “the age of machines”… …the industrial revolution! Britain and Europe benefited from former agrarian societies that led to economic advancement, population growth, exploitation of overseas resources, and access to large coal deposits. The overall advancement of society led to innovation in technology, notably the creation of mass-production machines. The creation of efficient machines prompted the transformation of industrial societies. By the mid-nineteenth century, the Industrial revolution had spread to France, Germany, Belgium, and the United States. Cradle of the IR: industrialized in late 1700s Industrialized by 1850 Industrialized by 1850-1900 BREAKING NEWS It is causing rapid technological, social, and economic change. Let’s break it down: The usage of inanimate sources of energy such as coal and petroleum is through the roof. A plethora of technological innovations are occurring as a result of this new energy. These innovations include: 1733: Flying Shuttle 1765: General Purpose Steam Engine 1779: Mule 1785: Water Driven Loom 1793: Cotton Gin 1815: First Steam Powered Locomotive The factory system is rapidly emerging. Production is now centralized under one roof where laborers perform specific tasks. Eli Whitney is gaining fame with his new system of interchangeable parts, and Henry Ford’s assembly line is allowing products to be produced in mass quantities. Now lets talk social change. The industrial revolution is causing new and fixed social classes to form. The wealthy “upper class” are capitalists who own the means of production. By contrast, members of the “working class” are economically dependent on their employers. The organization of business is being altered, as well. Companies are now organized on a larger scale and businessmen frequently use horizontal or vertical integration to consolidate their enterprises. On a global scale, many non-industrial societies are becoming increasingly oriented towards the exportation of primary resources and agricultural goods to accommodate the demand in Europe. Thank you for listening to our breaking news segment! Pros of the Industrial Revolution Industrialization positively impacted those living in industrial societies in many ways, as we will now outline. Medical advances and declining prices of food improved people’s diets and reduced disease rates, thus reducing mortality. People also gained access to contraception during the industrial era. Thereby, they were able to control reproduction. Furthermore,the price of manufactured goods went down due to mass production. This raised material standards in industrialized nations. For example, people were able to have more variety in their wardrobe and wore light, washable underwear due to the reduced cost of clothes. Consumers could also furnish their homes with more furniture and decorative objects than ever before. Lastly, beginning in the industrial revolution, railroads and steamships facilitated efficient transportation of people and cargo on land and sea. Cons of the Industrial Revolution The industrial revolution negatively impacted many individuals, especially those in the working class. To grasp a more complete understanding, let’s go to the thought bubble: During the late 18th century, factories began to emerge where production was centralized in one building that housed newly developed machines and many laborers. Employes of factories were paid very little and they performed repetitious boring tasks. The workers were subject to strict supervision and pressure from factory floor managers. Furthermore, many suffered maiming or fatal accidents, because the machines and methods of work did not take safety into account. Because these laborers worked extremely long hours and weeks, their family life suffered. Traditional patterns of domestic life were altered and this strained family relations. Also, because most factories and mills were located in cities, industrial workers often lived in overcrowded, poorly built housing facilities in the middle of the city. Within these cities, water and air pollution became increasingly problematic as a consequence of the burning of fossil fuels and high concentration of urban population. Environmental pollution produced horrible stenches and, more importantly, led to diseases such as cholera, typhus, dysentery, and tuberculosis. I hope you’ve learned a lot about the Industrial revolution today! I know I have! *wink* Ya! About what was good, what was bad, what was new, and what was significant. Let’s review the major events. This week’s Crash Course is brought to you by… Dr. Boger’s period six world history class. Our script supervisors are Lila Williams and Willing Li. Our graphics team is Lilly Tang and Sally Chen. The timeline is written by Madeleine Marr and Sarai Brown-Alexander. Lastly, the digital photography is produced by Alexis McLemore and Madison Raju. Thank you for watching!!! We’ll see you next week! Wait! Wait! I still don’t know about Imperialism?! Oh… Don’t you worry. That’s what we’ll be learning about next week! *wink* Thanks for watching everyone! Hope you enjoyed it!!!