Articles, Blog

How to Make Butter – The Victorian Way

November 5, 2019


Ah, morning Fanny. Good morning, Mrs Crocombe! I think I’d like some butter with herbs. Of course, would you prefer parsley or…thyme? I think thyme.
– Of course. Thank you dear.
– Thank you, Mrs Crocombe. Good day. Oh I do so like it when Mrs Crocombe
comes to visit me here in the dairy and she trusts me, you know, so I was just going to make the normal standard batch of butter today but now she has asked for thyme
butter, which is a speciality of mine And, if you would like, you can help me.
But I will have to check that you have scrubbed your hands and your nails.
Alright? Follow me. There you are.
Have you done your hands? Good. So the first thing we must do is scald all of
our equipment, so all of the utensils we are going to use. You’re lucky because I
have done the churn for you. Alright, so… Don’t worry about your hands because
we will have the buttermilk later on to soothe them. So once you’ve got your
water in there, just cover it so that they are as clean as possible. Ten years ago I used to work on a farm
of five hundred acres, and I used to have to milk the cows myself. But here, at Audley End,
the cowkeeper does that for me. He brings me the milk, which I then leave to
settle in pans overnight. The cream rises to the top and I scrape that off into a
jug and then pour the cream into the churn. Now, I tend to pour it at quite a
height so that it aerates, so that it turns quicker. And now we’re ready to begin churning. So they key to making good butter is to have
a measured and steady pace. We are very lucky here at Audley End House because our cows are Jersey herd,
and they produce the best, the finest milk. So, the butter churning process can
take anything up to 30 minutes to an hour and it is dependent on the weather,
amongst other things. You will feel resistance when stage one happens, which
is the whipped-cream stage and I’m starting to feel that now so let’s have
a little look. And yes, here we have stage one – whipped cream. So I think we have
probably another 30 to 35 minutes to go. The second phase you need to look out
for when you are making butter is when it begins to turn. So you will feel a
difference and you will hear a difference. And when you go to look
inside, you will see that the butter is now slightly powdery so it is
beginning to separate. It looks – forgive me – a little bit like baby sick! And it is quite pungent to smell. Now you might be here for up to an hour,
but I’ll be honest with you. There are many things that can affect
the butter – for example, stormy weather or just your own mood, some people say. Sometimes in the winter we have to color the butter. We tend to use marigolds
because quite frankly using carrot juice makes the butter taste, well, like carrots. The third phase you need to look out for is when the butter milk and butter
separate. Now you will hear this inside the churn and you will feel it. And I
think we’re ready – let’s have a look. Yes, we’re ready.
So the next thing to do is to drain the buttermilk. Then, I will remove the paddle and then
scoop out all of the butter. It is then washed in spring water, and then drained. Ah, there you are! Thank you for being so patient.
It’s just it takes about an hour or so to have all of the water drain out of
the butter, and it’s important that we do wash it because we don’t want it to go
rancid. Then, you can add salt or, as Mrs Crocombe asked me earlier, thyme for the herbal butter. So what needs to happen now is for it to be patted and these are the butter pats which we scalded earlier. So, the best thing to do is
divide it into more manageable sized chunks because you don’t want to make a mess. Like so. And then just patting it to get rid of any excess liquid. This is the stage where we add salt
or any other ingredients. So, here is the normal butter that I make
every single day here at Audley End House – just salted butter. And here is the
butter that Mrs Crocombe asked me to make this morning, made with thyme.
And here is the butter that will be going up to the top table for Lord and Lady
Braybrooke. As you can see I have used three separate molds. And there we have it – butter made here at Audley End House,
courtesy of Lord and Lady Braybrooke’s Jersey herd.

100 Comments

  • Reply English Heritage May 24, 2019 at 6:08 pm

    Thank you for watching. Here are some answers to questions you might have about this episode.

    HOW WAS HERB BUTTER USED?
    Herb butter was used for lots of things. Anything where you might want both butter and a herby hit. It wasn’t really consumed as a snack, but as part of meals and is useful to have as an emergency store cupboard item. Uses include spreading on cold toast, bread croutes as part of the savoury course (at the end of the meal: canapés didn't quite exist yet), served on the side with fish or meat (ergo making a sauce), or with potatoes or hot vegetables. It could also be smeared under the skin of a chicken or poussin (i.e. you insert a hand up between the flesh and the skin and rub the butter in, then when roasted in an oven it sort of self-bastes). In a modern context it is excellent with pasta!

    WHAT DOES SCALDING MEAN?
    Fanny soaks everything she uses in boiling water before use. It disinfects it. The Victorians were well aware of best practice in food hygiene – they may not have identified germs as such, but they knew the consequences of poorly cleaned kitchen equipment – a particular problem when using wooden implements which are prone to going mouldy.

    WHAT’S THE LARGE CHURN NEXT TO HER?
    The larger churn takes several gallons of milk and is a slightly different design. Although we're not completely certain, there is no evidence of another, bigger dairy at Audley End (for example at the Home Farm), so we think that it fell to Fanny to produce all of the substantial quantity of butter which was used in the kitchens. There was even excess sometimes – there are records of labels being printed for selling it.

    WHAT HAPPENS TO ALL OF THE BUTTERMILK?
    There were various uses for buttermilk, including stain removal (good for ink) and in cooking. Some was sold to locals.

    WHAT HAPPENED TO THE MILK LEFT AFTER THE CREAM HAD BEEN SKIMMED OFF?
    Skimmed milk, as it was known, was a byproduct of butter making. It was usually sold at low cost to the estate workers and villagers.

    DID THEY MAKE CHEESE?
    Not at Audley End in the 1880s. Essex cheese had quite a bad reputation at the time!

    HOW DOES SHE MOULD IT?
    Using a butter pat or mould, well-soaked in water.

    IT IS SALTED?
    Most of the butter was salted (it was rather saltier than modern day salted butter, as the salt was a preservative as well as there for flavour). Unsalted butter was known as sweet butter and is occasionally called for in contemporary recipes.

    WAS THAT COW REALLY CALLED LEMON LEAF?
    Yes, Lord Braybrooke was very fond of his herd of Jerseys, for which he and the associated staff won prizes. They all had fanciful names: Spermlight and Gossamer were two of the others. Their names were recorded in the herd book, which also contained details of daily milk yields per cow and percentage of cream.

  • Reply 박지원 October 21, 2019 at 8:50 pm

    oh my i remember making butter in 3rd grade

  • Reply Supernatural Superstar October 21, 2019 at 10:12 pm

    This seems to be a more advanced churning machine. I thought you'd use an even older one with the plunger.

  • Reply Whatever October 22, 2019 at 5:08 am

    I didn’t scrub my hands and nails 😈

  • Reply Soňa Nováková October 22, 2019 at 9:04 am

    Every day?! How do these people consume that much butter every single day?

  • Reply balenciaga nalga October 23, 2019 at 6:51 am

    she works at a dairy farm yet her skin is FLAWLESS girl what is your secret ):

  • Reply Milo October 23, 2019 at 7:17 am

    I’m really really sorry for this, truly I am….but did this bitch just say your mood affects the butter?

  • Reply Milk Fan October 23, 2019 at 10:52 am

    My classmates: studying for the exam
    Me: watching someone making butter .-.

  • Reply Berka October 23, 2019 at 7:20 pm

    Boring life

  • Reply iris egb October 23, 2019 at 11:28 pm

    I wanna timetravel so badddd

  • Reply Brandon Brooks October 24, 2019 at 1:02 am

    Her face at 1:16. I would NOT want to cross her! 🧼 🖐 🤚

  • Reply steve harvey October 24, 2019 at 5:31 am

    i dont have that kind of thyme and patience to make butter like this!

  • Reply Lov3 Ston3d October 24, 2019 at 5:54 am

    It's beginning to separate.
    And looks a little like

    Excuse me

    Baby sick

  • Reply patrick mitchell October 24, 2019 at 6:39 am

    I see why your names fanny 😁

  • Reply MIRIS October 24, 2019 at 8:51 pm

    0:43 Israel

  • Reply Bas October 24, 2019 at 9:19 pm

    The beginning sounds like porn.

  • Reply vivian kruger October 25, 2019 at 2:21 am

    i was waiting for this to turn kinky

  • Reply Hugs_for_drugs October 25, 2019 at 3:44 am

    This is one long til tok pov

  • Reply Rick Roll Rizal October 25, 2019 at 10:49 am

    Buttermilk ❤️❤️❤️

  • Reply ollie October 25, 2019 at 1:42 pm

    This comments section is something else to say the least

  • Reply Emili Stack October 25, 2019 at 8:28 pm

    Can somebody please tell me what foundation she's using?

  • Reply Ariakay 247 October 25, 2019 at 11:35 pm

    Let’s all agree that the times back them were better than today in terms of how every day lives worked.

  • Reply Alberto Garcia Gonzalez October 26, 2019 at 12:34 am

    if it was your special you would not have to think

  • Reply YouTube User October 26, 2019 at 1:21 am

    On another episode of “Why Is This In My Recommended?”

  • Reply Jimmer Seiber October 26, 2019 at 11:46 am

    The worst fake English accent ever

  • Reply TheCandyLover October 26, 2019 at 11:48 am

    I accidentally pressed this video…. and now I stayed and watched the whole thing for no reason

  • Reply Immi Ch October 26, 2019 at 12:29 pm

    In Pakistan we have madhani and chati to make lassi and butter.

  • Reply Felicity Guillen October 26, 2019 at 1:13 pm

    Victorians: obssesed with hygiene
    Also Victorians: puts plaster of paris in bread

  • Reply 区撃影kugeki kage October 26, 2019 at 2:00 pm

    I- i had no idea

  • Reply Aseel Saadi October 26, 2019 at 6:09 pm

    I’m in love with every thing English ♥️♥️

  • Reply Gracie Doll October 26, 2019 at 11:21 pm

    i wouldn’t even want to imagine what would happen if ms. fanny added parsley instead of thyme

  • Reply Remy October 27, 2019 at 12:09 am

    buttuh
    buttuh
    buttuh
    into da bol

  • Reply Jaron Fobbs. October 27, 2019 at 12:36 am

    Wth am I watching

  • Reply ALPHA October 27, 2019 at 1:46 am

    Omg she looks like movie character ♥

  • Reply FOODOT 푸닷 October 27, 2019 at 3:00 am

    Wonderful it is~♥

  • Reply FOODOT 푸닷 October 27, 2019 at 3:00 am

    Wonderful it is~♥

  • Reply Snowberry Princess October 27, 2019 at 12:11 pm

    looks at butter pads oh no… That looks familiar

  • Reply tiktok vibez October 27, 2019 at 4:44 pm

    Or-

    just buy butter

  • Reply Fifty Pizzas October 27, 2019 at 8:56 pm

    The butter wench has me going hard in 3 directions

  • Reply Terrainaheadpullup October 27, 2019 at 11:10 pm

    Nobody:

    Her:" the Time it takes depends on your mood"

  • Reply HeadHoncho Ty October 28, 2019 at 1:16 am

    Here’s how to post a YouTube video the Victorian way

  • Reply AYANNAONDEMAND TV October 28, 2019 at 3:27 am

    Impaient people will not try this

  • Reply Pete Kenny October 28, 2019 at 7:40 am

    It’s 1:39 on a Monday and I am just watching how to make butter the Victorian way.

  • Reply Nishita Bhowmik October 28, 2019 at 10:08 am

    Me: * has a math test coming up *
    Also me: "Imma watch how to make butter for absolutely no reason. Oh that too in the victorian way"

  • Reply psiak ciapkowaty October 28, 2019 at 7:17 pm

    who names their child FANNY

  • Reply hamster of destruction October 28, 2019 at 8:27 pm

    I like how I can memorize how to make butter in the Victorian way but not anything related to school

  • Reply luciacowen October 28, 2019 at 8:50 pm

    You're British? And you're called Fanny? Yikes.

  • Reply harris lui October 29, 2019 at 1:15 am

    Now we are going to make a new batch of butter- The American Way

    Everyone dies next day.

  • Reply LPS Galaxy October 29, 2019 at 3:08 am

    Any one else who wants to get butter and just eat it??

  • Reply Arya Yudhistira October 29, 2019 at 8:45 am

    Wetenge nyong kencot

  • Reply AYANNAONDEMAND TV October 30, 2019 at 1:27 am

    Her:have you done hands
    Me lying: yes

  • Reply Al Aulia October 30, 2019 at 2:38 am

    Subtitles bahasa please 😖

  • Reply P B October 30, 2019 at 3:05 am

    When off duty, I hear she gives great handjobs

  • Reply Just A Noodle October 30, 2019 at 4:30 am

    i dont know why ive watched this so many times
    i guess theres just something oddly satisfying about watching someome make butter the victorian way at 12am

  • Reply SillyWhiteDaddy October 30, 2019 at 1:10 pm

    Thought I was watching a video from 1840

  • Reply Kino October 30, 2019 at 4:30 pm

    Yo that’s kinda hot

  • Reply Kirill Romanenko October 30, 2019 at 5:52 pm

    Когда-нибудь я узнаю каким образом работает система подбора видео на ютубчике, и почему я должен смотреть как делают викторианской масло в час ночи

  • Reply iamseh _ October 30, 2019 at 6:04 pm

    Here's the best way to sleep.

  • Reply Ariella Young October 30, 2019 at 10:17 pm

    Is this asmr? Because if so, please make more😍

  • Reply вlυяq O October 30, 2019 at 11:02 pm

    Can we appreciate how calming her voice is?

  • Reply My dudes Girls October 30, 2019 at 11:25 pm

    You no putting cream In a water bottle and shaking it makes butter A lot quicker

  • Reply Kk B October 31, 2019 at 12:30 am

    How did I even get here? Glad I did though.

  • Reply acar1994 October 31, 2019 at 12:35 am

    "The cream rises to the top"-Bendelacreme

  • Reply Dilbert Dildo October 31, 2019 at 3:20 am

    I am aroused

  • Reply Charhythma October 31, 2019 at 6:16 am

    I will churn thy butter

  • Reply Meisye October 31, 2019 at 7:49 am

    Now i want to live there🌈😍

  • Reply Ashley Allen October 31, 2019 at 8:41 am

    These videos are so interesting. I’ve always said I was born in the wrong century. Would love to be able to live like them!!

  • Reply Alpaca Gamer October 31, 2019 at 9:10 am

    “It’s 3 am I need to get some sleep before school”

    YouTube: recommendations: V I C T O R I A N B U T T E R

  • Reply Cynthializ 98 October 31, 2019 at 11:00 am

    Why have I watched this like 20 times already????

  • Reply Glace Glace October 31, 2019 at 1:06 pm

    what have i just watched-

  • Reply Crystal the cat wolf October 31, 2019 at 9:28 pm

    I don't know why but
    This is my favorite episode
    (maybe cause this was my first time I watched this channel)

  • Reply Jerzey October 31, 2019 at 11:14 pm

    jersey cows have the best and finest milk 😳 my names jerzey-

  • Reply Johnny S October 31, 2019 at 11:43 pm

    She’s sexy

  • Reply A Very Chaotic Child October 31, 2019 at 11:51 pm

    This is oddly relaxing to watch

  • Reply Sabrina Baillargeon November 1, 2019 at 3:08 am

    “Oh I do so like it when ms Cocrum visits me”

    *ms Cocrum just asks for shitz

  • Reply Tasty Recipes November 1, 2019 at 10:31 am

    Hi, I just wanted to say that I love your videos and I was
    wondering if you can also check out my channel, I do cooking and baking and I
    would really appreciate your support and feedback and if you like to please
    describe that would mean a lot to me. And if anybody else wants to check out my
    channel as well I would really appreciate if you give me feedback and support
    my channel by SUBSCRIBING. Thank you so much. Have a wonderful day 🙂

    youtube.com/TastyRecipesMonica

  • Reply dood ıʇʇǝɥɓɐdS November 1, 2019 at 1:21 pm

    So is this a pov or something?

  • Reply Lily Furley November 1, 2019 at 6:59 pm

    ive been to Audley End House its so pretty

  • Reply God Particle November 1, 2019 at 10:05 pm

    This was a time when women were ladies and men were men. The suffrage movement ruined all of that.

  • Reply qwertyuiopz123 November 2, 2019 at 2:04 am

    What is her accent?? She has 5 in this video

  • Reply Anthony A November 2, 2019 at 5:50 am

    This was recommended at 11 PM, let it be known, YT wants us to make Victorian butter this late at night.

  • Reply Hadeel Abu-Khraybeh November 2, 2019 at 6:27 am

    this woman deserves a grammy.

  • Reply xXQuick PhantasmXx November 2, 2019 at 12:12 pm

    A lazy person like me would’ve just bought store-bought butter. I’ll then just stick thyme into it. (I know it’s stupid but lol)

  • Reply xXQuick PhantasmXx November 2, 2019 at 12:12 pm

    A lazy person like me would’ve just bought store-bought butter. I’ll then just stick thyme into it. (I know it’s stupid but lol)

  • Reply Idle Humanity November 2, 2019 at 2:33 pm

    Fascinating!

  • Reply renizzle t November 2, 2019 at 5:45 pm

    Wow! Idk why I enjoyed this so much

  • Reply Gen Ius November 2, 2019 at 6:32 pm

    so you have a time machine?

  • Reply Lukie the lucky November 2, 2019 at 11:09 pm

    i'm supposed to either do homework or practice tin whistle… I'm here

  • Reply j abe November 2, 2019 at 11:10 pm

    She is hot!!

  • Reply Limbo _ November 3, 2019 at 3:40 am

    I never thought I would want to chomp on butter so bad

  • Reply Sydney Whitfield November 3, 2019 at 5:20 am

    Now I want to make butter

  • Reply Lana Reiss November 3, 2019 at 7:25 am

    I have to get up early and it’s 12:30am. All I can think about is if there are people still living this way in the UK. 🤕

  • Reply Hitisha waghela November 3, 2019 at 8:13 am

    This lady in this video does she really lives the victorian life in real or is all this made up for just a video?

  • Reply Kirsten Lopez November 3, 2019 at 8:54 am

    I freaking love the comment section

  • Reply H L November 3, 2019 at 10:53 pm

    My grandmother has had a huge original antique wooden butter-churner in her kitchen throughout my entire life. My great-grandmother used to tell me how her mother gave it to her, before she passed. It’s nothing as fancy, or “high-tech” as this, though? It’s a “stand-up” butter churner, where it is manually churned with an up & down motion, instead of a spinning crank, like the one in this video. Hmm🤔, I wonder which was more popular? This one looks much less laborious to operate. Maybe it was for the more wealthy? Or maybe the opposite way around? If anybody has more knowledge, I’d love to know!🖤

  • Reply Bram Elyne November 4, 2019 at 2:56 am

    You know you have made it in life if u have some fancy butters at the morning table

  • Reply Ronnie Mozingo November 4, 2019 at 3:30 am

    Modern day we just just complain I can't believe it's not butter!!

  • Reply queen 'Araweela November 4, 2019 at 4:21 pm

    This makes me so happy.
    I wonder why..

  • Reply Rima Tudu November 4, 2019 at 7:39 pm

    Says this in British accent *I never knew I needed this until I started watching it *

  • Reply Sabah Amal November 5, 2019 at 2:04 am

    Life was simple & productive with contentment, not these days. 👍🇦🇺

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