Articles, Blog

Globalization II – Good or Bad?: Crash Course World History #42

August 15, 2019


Hi, I’m John Green and this is the final
episode of Crash Course: World History, not because we’ve reached the end of history
but because we’ve reached the particular middle where I happen to be living. Today
we’ll be considering whether globalization is a good thing, and along the way we’ll
try to do something that you may not be used to doing in history classes: imagining the
future. Past John: Mr. Green, Mr. Green! In the future,
I’m gonna get to second base with Molly Brown. Present John: No you won’t, Me from the
Past, but the fact that when asked to imagine THE future, you imagine YOUR future says a
lot about the contemporary world. And listen, Me From the Past, while there’s no question
that your solipsistic individualism is bad both for you and for our species, the broader implications
of individualism in general are a lot more complex. [Theme Music] Man, I’m gonna miss you, Intro. So last week (ta-da) we discussed how global
economic interdependence has led, on average, to longer, healthier, more prosperous lives
for humans–not to mention an astonishing change in the overall human population. In
the West, globalization has also led to the rise of a service economy. In the US and Europe,
most people now work not in agriculture or manufacturing but in some kind of service
sector: healthcare, retail, education, entertainment, information technology, Internet videos about
world history, etc. And that switch has really changed our psychology, especially the psychology
of upper classes living in the industrialized world. I mean, to quote Fredric Jameson, “we are…so
far removed from the realities of production and work that we inhabit a dream world of
artificial stimuli and televised experience.” Think of it this way: if you had to kill a
chicken every time you visited KFC, you would probably eat fewer chickens. Another change
of psychology: many historians-of-the-now note that globalization has also led to a
celebration of individualism, particularly in the wake of the failures of the Marxist
collectivist utopias. The generation that lived through the Depression
and World War II saw large-scale collectivist responses to both those crises. And they were
responses that limited freedom. Like, the military draft, for instance, which limited
your freedom, you know, not to be a soldier. Or the collectivization of health insurance
seen in most of the post-war West, which limited your freedom to go bankrupt from health care
costs. Or also government programs like social security, which limit your freedom not to
pay for old people’s retirement. But since the 1960s, the ascendant idea of
personal freedom minimally limited by government intervention has become very powerful. Even
the Catholic church was part of this new search for individual freedom, as the Second Vatican
Council relaxed church rules in ways that weakened central authority, made concessions
to individual styles of worship, even said that people of different religions could go
to heaven. What good is heaven if it’s gonna be full of Protestants? It’s just gonna
be like Minnesota. So here in the last episode of Crash Course
World History, in the last thirty seconds, I have offended, uh, 5/6ths of the world’s
population in the form of non-Catholics and, uh, all Republicans, and probably some political
moderates. Who are confused about what Obama’s healthcare law will and will not do. Stan,
maybe I should just make this episode just an extended rant where I reveal all of my
political biases. And also my personal biases. Look, you’re never gonna meet a historian
who doesn’t have biases. But good historians try to acknowledge their biases and I am biased
toward Canada and its awesome healthcare system. I can’t lie. I’m very jealous of you guys. But perhaps the greatest effect of the victory
of individualism was on sex and the family. We haven’t talked much about sex because
my brother’s teaching Biology, which is basically just sex, but sex is pretty important
historically because it’s how we keep happening. But, in the 20th century, greater variety
and availability of contraception made it possible for people to experiment with multiple
sexual partners and helped to uncouple sex from child bearing, which was awesome, but
individualism also had a destabilizing effect on families. As the great Leo Tolstoy put it, all happy
families are alike, but each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. But when your individual
fulfillment trumps all, you needn’t live amid your uniquely unhappy family, you can
just leave! So, divorce rates have skyrocketed in the past few decades, and not just in the
US. By the turn of the 21st century, divorce rates in China reached nearly 25%, with 70%
of those divorces initiated by women. Technology has also driven families apart,
as parents and children spend increasing time alone in front of their individual screens,
sharing fewer experiences. That’s individualism, too, but not of a kind that we usually celebrate. But probably the biggest consequence of globalization
and the ensuing rise in human population has been humanity’s effect on the environment.
While populations have increased partly thanks to better yields from existing farmland, much
more land has also been brought under cultivation in the past half-century. Often this meant
cutting down trees in valuable rainforests– the best known example of this is what’s
going on in the Amazon, but it happens worldwide. And we’re losing land not just for food, but
also to grow the global economy. Oh, it’s time for the open letter? An Open Letter to Flowers. But first, let’s
see what’s in the secret compartment today. Oh, it’s fake flowers. Thank you, Stan.
One for behind each ear. Dear Flowers, You capture the best and the
worst of the globalized economy. You’re so pretty. Even the fake ones are pretty.
But the real one are constantly dying. They’ve got to be harvested, and shipped, and cut
very efficiently. And it’s a global phenomenon. Like there are flowers in my corner market
from Africa. These are from China, but because they are plastic, they could just be shipped
in a shipping container. More people can afford to apologize by giving
their romantic partners professionally cut and arranged roses than in any time in human
history, but in that we have lost something, which is that the whole idea of flowers is
that you had to go out into the field and, like, cut them and arrange them yourself to
apologize. It’s not supposed to be, “I’m sorry I forgot your birthday. Here’s $8
worth of work that was done in Kenya.” It’s supposed to be, “I’m sorry I forgot your
birthday, so I went into the frakking forest and got you some frakking flowers.” Anyway, flowers, Best wishes, John Green Aww… you guys got me flowers for my last
episode of World History. Okay, let’s go to the Thought Bubble. As worldwide production and consumption increases,
we use more resources, especially water and fossil fuels. Globalization has made the average
human richer, and rich people tend to use more of everything but especially energy.
This has already resulted in climate change, which will likely accelerate. The global economy isn’t a zero-sum game.
Like, I don’t need to become more poor in order for someone else to become more rich.
But growth, at least so far, has been dependent upon unsustainable use of the planet’s resources.
The planet can’t sustain seven billion automobiles, for instance, or seven billion frequent flyers,
although most of us who can afford to drive or fly feel entitled to do so. You’ll remember that when we talked about
the Industrial Revolution, we discussed the virtuous cycle of more efficiency making things
cheaper, which in turn made them easier to buy, which increased demand, which increased
efficiency. But from the perspective of the planet, each turn in that cycle takes something:
More land under cultivation, more carbon emissions, more resource extraction. That can’t go
on forever, but worryingly, our current models of economic growth don’t allow for any other
way. Thanks, Thought Bubble. And then there is our astonishingly robust
health. Although much of the world has been ravaged by HIV/AIDS for the past three decades,
there’s been a relative lack of global pandemics since the 1918 flu. And that’s particularly
surprising given increased population density and more travel between population centers.
China has seen 150 million people leave the countryside for cities in the last 20 years.
This was Shanghai in 1990; and this is Shanghai in 2010. The population of Lagos was 41,000
in 1900; today, it’s almost 8 million. Of course, people have been moving from country
to city for a long time; remember Gilgamesh? But the pace of that change has dramatically
accelerated. Similarly, there’s nothing new about international
trade, but its pace has also increased dramatically: In 1960, trade accounted for 24% of the world’s
GDP; today, it’s more than double that. Almost no human being alive today lives with
stuff only manufactured in their home country, but a thousand years ago, only the richest
of the rich could benefit from the Silk Road. Still, trade isn’t new. And while it’s
tempting to say that the types of goods being traded-– pharmaceuticals, computers, software,
financial services– represent something wholly new, you could just as easily see this as
part of the evolution of trade itself. At some point silk was seen as a new trade good.
As tastes change and consumers become more affluent, the things that they want to buy
change. So is anything really different, or is it
all just accelerated? Well, some historians argue that an economically interdependent
world is much less likely to go to war. And that may be true, but increasing global, cultural,
and economic integration hasn’t led to an end to violence. I mean, we’ve seen large
scale ethnic and nationalistic violence from Rwanda to the former Yugoslavia to the Democratic
Republic of Congo to Afghanistan. Globalization has not rid the world of violence. But there is an ideological shift in the age
of globalization that does seem pretty new, and that’s the turn to democracy. Now this
isn’t the limited democracy of the ancient Greeks, or the quirky republican system originally
developed in the U.S.; there are almost as many kinds of democracies as there are nations
experiencing democracy. The fact is, however, that democracy and political
freedom, especially the freedom to participate in and influence the government, have been
on the rise all over the world since the 1980s and especially since 1990. For instance, if
you looked at the governments of most Latin American countries during most of the 20th
centuries, you would usually find them ruled by military strongmen. Now, with a couple
of exceptions (Fidel, Hugo)… Stan, are they behind me right now? Because if they’re
behind me, I am in favor of collectivizing oil revenue and distributing it to the poor.
If they’re not behind me, that’s a terrible idea. Right, but anyway, democracy is now
flourishing in most of Latin America. Probably the most famous democratic success
story is South Africa, which jettisoned decades of Apartheid in the 1990s and elected former
dissident Nelson Mandela as its first black president in 1994. It also adopted one of
the most progressive constitutions in the world. But it’s worth remembering that democracy
and economic success don’t always go hand in hand, as much as some Americans wish they
would. Many new African democracies continue to struggle, the same is true in some Latin
American countries, and China has shown that you don’t need democracy in order to experience
economic growth. But for a few countries, especially Brazil and India, the combination
of democracy and economic liberalism has unleashed impressive growth that has lifted millions
out of poverty. So can we say that it’s good, then? Can we
celebrate globalization, in spite of its destabilizing effects on families and the environment? Well,
here’s where we have to imagine the future, because if some superbug shows up tomorrow
and it travels through all these global trade routes and kills every living human, then
globalization will have been very bad for human history: specifically, by ending it.
If climate change continues to accelerate and displaces billions of people and causes
widespread famines and flooding, then we will remember this period of human history as short-sighted,
self-indulgent, and tremendously destructive. On the other hand, if we discover an asteroid
hurdling toward earth and mobilize global industry and technology in such a way that
we lose Bruce Willis but save the world, then globalization will be celebrated for millennia.
I mean, assuming we have millennia and can convince Bruce Willis to go. In short, to understand the present, we have
to imagine the future. That’s the thing about history, it depends on where you’re standing.
From where I’m standing, globalization has been a net positive, but then again, it’s
been a pretty good run for heterosexual males of European descent. Critics of globalization
point out that billions haven’t benefited much if at all from all this economic prosperity,
and that the polarization of wealth is growing both within and across nations. And those
criticisms are valid and they are troubling, but they aren’t new. Disparities between
those who have more and those who have less have existed pretty much from the moment agriculture
enabled us to accumulate a surplus. At some times this inequality has been a big concern,
as it was with Jesus and Muhammad, at other times not so much. Inequalities are as old
as human history, and almost as old is the debate about them. One thing that is new,
however, is our ability to learn about them, to discuss them, and hopefully to find solutions
for them together as a global community that is better integrated and more connected than
it has ever been before. Because here’s the other thing about history:
you are making it. That old idea that history is the deeds of great men? That was wrong.
Celebrated individuals do shape history, but so do the rest of us. And while it’s true
that many historical forces– malaria, meteors from space– aren’t human, it’s also true
that every human is a historical force. You are changing the world every day. And it is
our hope that by looking at the history that was made before us, we can see our own crucial
decisions in a broader context. And I believe that context can help us make better choices,
and better changes. Thanks for watching. But, there’s no need
to despair, Crash Course fans, I’ll see you next week for the beginning of our mini
series on literature. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller. Our script supervisor is Meredith Danko. The associate producer is Danica Johnson.
The show is written by my high school history teacher, Raoul Meyer, and myself. And our
graphics team is Thought Bubble. Last week’s phrase of the week was “Cookie
Monster”. This week’s phrase of the week was “Bruce Willis,” which I am telling you because
we are retiring the idea of the phrase of the week. Thank you so much for watching Crash Course:
World History. It has been super fun to try to tell the history of the world in 42 twelve-minute
videos. I hope you enjoyed it and I hope you’ll hang around for literature. Thanks for watching, and as
we say in my hometown, Don’t Forget To Be Awesome.

100 Comments

  • Reply Ninja332 April 3, 2019 at 1:05 am

    IM FROM MINNESOTA AND YOUR R I G H T

  • Reply R Jay April 3, 2019 at 9:10 am

    Amazing series!

  • Reply john plaid April 8, 2019 at 12:07 pm

    @ 11:38 in the LAST episode he says, ….but then again it's been a pretty good run for heterosexuals males of European descent." He waits until the last part of the last episode to assure us that he isn't gay. He ignores the fact many gays contributed to our society. They were there in huge numbers but too afraid of what people like the narrator might do to them.

  • Reply Pink Productions April 8, 2019 at 6:39 pm

    Hey as a Minnesotan I don’t appreciate you calling us all Protestants… some of us worship Tater Tot Hotdish!!!

  • Reply Conor Skehan April 14, 2019 at 1:47 pm

    Dises Castro and makes jokes about socialist economies…. praises Mandella a couple seconds later without context

  • Reply Mc Marson April 14, 2019 at 1:53 pm

    Excellent video !! Thanks you very much

  • Reply burningeagle 12 April 16, 2019 at 8:05 pm

    0:21 Oh wow you put that type of joke

  • Reply Popkornz April 23, 2019 at 11:04 pm

    Wonder where those guys who are cramming for the AP exam are..

  • Reply Al Krill April 25, 2019 at 5:06 am

    anyone getting ready for their AP test now?

  • Reply Javad Mirzaei April 28, 2019 at 10:53 am

    just watched the whole series…It was awesome.good job.

  • Reply Leah May 3, 2019 at 1:21 pm

    Lol his political bias has been fairly obvious since the beginning.

  • Reply Ananta May 3, 2019 at 6:06 pm

    Fuuh I made it, mom!

  • Reply William Bell May 5, 2019 at 11:53 am

    Canada's awesome healthcare system?!

    You mean the one where the average wait time just to see a doctor is 10 hours and it takes 20 weeks to see a specialist. Maybe that's why Canadians come to the U.S if they have a serious issue, because our healthcare system is the best in the world.

  • Reply Liam Fitzpatrick May 5, 2019 at 4:22 pm

    7 years later and AP World students are still watching this… will it ever end?

  • Reply Muse Winter May 6, 2019 at 1:17 am

    I've watched this three times
    I keep coming back when I need a touch up because frankly, I'm not good at history. You, however, are as good the third time as you were the first. Thank you.

  • Reply Indiana Thrills May 7, 2019 at 12:41 am

    2 things Globalism is bad and man made global warming is not real

  • Reply Genevieve Mason May 7, 2019 at 1:27 am

    Great video! All of the examples really helped me understand the topic. I'm also really glad sustainability and the environment were mentioned as it's definitely something we need to focus more on.

  • Reply MuSanjalic May 7, 2019 at 9:37 pm

    We STAN John amirite

    hehehehe

  • Reply Jenna Ethithara May 11, 2019 at 6:18 pm

    Good luck to everyone taking the apwh test this week:)

  • Reply Jemma Alumbaugh May 12, 2019 at 2:09 am

    2019 apwh exam szn

  • Reply Adrian Navarro May 13, 2019 at 12:48 am

    With crash course completed… now comes APOP

  • Reply Windows Crashed May 14, 2019 at 1:01 am

    Just to let everyone know that even 7 years later, this series is still awesome! Thanks for teaching some History, and helping with the test tomorrow.

  • Reply lucia heller May 14, 2019 at 3:11 am

    I've killed more chickens than I've been to kfc

  • Reply Fruit Salad May 14, 2019 at 5:10 am

    I've been through all U.S. and world history videos for school. It's been quite the journey!

  • Reply Grace Alvarez May 15, 2019 at 12:06 am

    To everyone who's taking the AP World Test this week, I really hope you didn't just watch these videos to cram in all that information. I really hope that you also came here to learn more about the world around us, and how even our earliest history has shaped our world. Because these videos were amazing, and they shouldn't just be watched so that you can pass an exam.

  • Reply Lianna Mateski May 15, 2019 at 5:57 am

    can someone pls give me tips for the ap world exam? im really stressing rn

  • Reply Saeeda Frimpong May 15, 2019 at 2:24 pm

    Gonna get that 1 tomorrow gang gang 😂

  • Reply Alexi Cracchiola May 15, 2019 at 4:48 pm

    It’s a world of laughter a world of cheer……. ITS A SMALL WORLD AFTER ALLLLLL DISNEY

  • Reply HARIKRISHNAN BELRAJ May 15, 2019 at 6:47 pm

    Thank you John Green and whole crew for making us aware of different perspectives of history and moreover using Thought Bubble for making explanations lucid.

  • Reply Jake Ochs May 15, 2019 at 9:34 pm

    i still dont understand history, but it’s okay because i know random key words that’ll always count as specific info so i’ll get those leq points! god bless diasporas and syncretism. they work no matter what

  • Reply DEAD MEMES May 15, 2019 at 10:12 pm

    I did it lads. 42 crash course videos. All in 1 day. 7 hours of nonstop watching. Worship me, the all powerful AP student with a huge exam tomorrow

  • Reply Elijah Wilson May 16, 2019 at 1:13 am

    john: there's been a relative lack of epidemics…
    ebola: cracks knuckles
    zika: watches from afar
    ligma and sugondese: and i oop-

  • Reply Koios D May 16, 2019 at 1:17 am

    "If climate change continues to accelerate and displaces billions of people and causes widespread famines and flooding…" Hate to break it to ya John from 2012 but we're kinda screwed on that front…

  • Reply Sal1203 May 16, 2019 at 1:43 am

    Who else is watching all these videos 2 days before their AP exam?

  • Reply Luke Mathis May 16, 2019 at 2:25 am

    Good luck tomorrow Fellow ap student 🙁

  • Reply mckenzie kamego May 16, 2019 at 2:28 am

    I just finished watching all 42 videos for the APWH exam tomorrow…

  • Reply Alberto Beto Hernandez May 16, 2019 at 3:40 am

    Just 12 hours left, until a huge weight is lifted off of me, good luck to the rest of you guys.

  • Reply iiBallistic Panda May 16, 2019 at 4:44 am

    HEY! if you read this before the AP World History exam… good luck. I sincerely hope you’ve had enough sleep. I believe in you guys 🙂

  • Reply Erik the Fan May 16, 2019 at 6:49 am

    I’m ready for APWH test memes like the SAT

  • Reply Virginia Bensch May 16, 2019 at 7:46 am

    Id like to announce that I have officially completed all 42 videos in the last 2 days WATCH OUT 2019 AP TEST

  • Reply davis anger May 16, 2019 at 8:14 am

    THIS IS IT GUYS!! WE’VE BEEN STUDYING AND PREPARING FOR LIKE 230 DAYS FOR THIS TEST! GOOD LUCK EVERYONE!!

  • Reply SheWolf Takeover May 16, 2019 at 10:36 am

    Jokes on me, I’m doing this an hour before my test!

  • Reply utsuro May 16, 2019 at 10:57 am

    Welp AP World exam in t-minus one hour and I've crammed all I can…wish me luck (๑•̀ᄇ•́)و ✧

  • Reply Camp Jernigan May 16, 2019 at 11:25 am

    Ap Exam in an hour and a half. I woke up at 4:30 and continued my Crash Course binge and will be ending my DBQ with “don’t forget to be awesome”

  • Reply Rachelle Ally May 17, 2019 at 12:29 am

    Feeling pretty good about whap 2019 today ((:

  • Reply aelores May 17, 2019 at 12:40 pm

    i went to third base with molly brown mr green

  • Reply Lana Chanel May 22, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    Great video! I'm watching this from Germany, preparing for my English class next week. Thank you very much! It helps a lot! 🙂

  • Reply Mikail Imthiyaz May 25, 2019 at 8:55 am

    bapa ge fukoru maruweee

  • Reply Nate Grimm June 3, 2019 at 2:40 pm

    he just talked about the space movie with bruce inside it but I can't remember.

  • Reply dacadz June 3, 2019 at 11:25 pm

    This video didn't age so well, did it? 😬

  • Reply Elizabeth Start June 4, 2019 at 3:16 pm

    7 years in the future, Minimalism, Thrifting, (RRR) buying local, organic.

  • Reply Greg Thompson June 5, 2019 at 8:29 pm

    John Green you gotta chill with the anti communist rhetoric

  • Reply Taras Gogol June 10, 2019 at 5:31 am

    The end. And like with any great book it worth to return to it after awhile. Thank you John.

  • Reply noeldenever June 10, 2019 at 6:12 pm

    Dear Mr. Green,

    Thank you, watching this series is one hell of an enjoyable experience. You open up my mind to all kinds of ideas and make me question my life perspectives, which I guess is the main point? History should teach us that there is a lot of sides to a story, no simple answer to cause and effect relationship.

    Is it funny that I know you first through crash course, not your books? I just thought you have same name with John Green the novelist. I'm grateful for your effort to educate people to be better, hopefully it will help in creating a better world for all living denizens of earth.

  • Reply Shakya Batugedara June 11, 2019 at 1:28 pm

    You need to speak slower because I can’t process anything if your speaking like your rapping.

  • Reply Shakya Batugedara June 11, 2019 at 1:28 pm

    You need to speak slower because I can’t process anything if your speaking like your rapping.

  • Reply Shakya Batugedara June 11, 2019 at 1:28 pm

    You need to speak slower because I can’t process anything if your speaking like your rapping.

  • Reply Arvind Kumar Verma June 15, 2019 at 6:03 pm

    N

  • Reply Jennifer McAdam June 17, 2019 at 11:42 pm

    Divorce isn't exactly great. It rips apart families and gives people an unhealthy mentality that marriages aren't exactly a thing to be upheld, but to be dissolved, like a casual hookup.

  • Reply Ananda Mercer June 18, 2019 at 9:25 pm

    Canada’s health care is actually unsustainable and not fair. I would rather be like the US, yes I’m Canadian but I’m paying for everyone to else health care when I don’t need it and those who need are generally not paying taxes meaning we are paying for their health care.

  • Reply daily dose of nightmare fuel Dad June 26, 2019 at 2:46 am

    Canada’s health care system is truly not that good. They don’t innovate, it takes forever to get a family doctor, it takes forever to get treatment, it’s health care is mediocre at best. Sure, it’s free, but at price of quality as well as extra government funds being ran to healthcare is, in my opinion, not worth it.

    It’s easy to look to Canada’s health care system, especially America’s is so messed up, but that’s not the path we should take.

  • Reply Youmna Al-Hamdi June 26, 2019 at 9:35 am

    By far the least dull source for learning more about history (for those of us who cant help but fall asleep) and at certain times quite funny! This whole series is amazing, creative and inspiring.

  • Reply Анна Dolganova June 26, 2019 at 10:23 am

    flowers made in China

  • Reply Анна Dolganova June 26, 2019 at 10:40 am

    You had the best videos ever!!!!!

    (You also told me a thing or two about Star Wars)

  • Reply Jason Mask June 27, 2019 at 3:32 am

    i would probably eat about the same number of chickens

  • Reply いものすけじゃがいも July 1, 2019 at 10:36 pm

    This program is very interesting.
    I recommend that someone who has not
    watch this should do.
    (I’m Japanese, and I can little use English.)

  • Reply Donia Bzz July 2, 2019 at 12:48 am

    Climate change and… divorce?? Is he seriously putting these on the same level? Plus it seems so easy for a rich white male to judge women demanding devorce as "individualistic". How does he know it is not a consequence of, I don't know, maybe improvment in women's rights and women less facing shame/misery/murder for getting divorced?? Yes, he'd better aknowledge his biases again and again.

  • Reply Prasanth Valsan July 3, 2019 at 10:13 pm

    Dilma Roussef? That did not age well.

  • Reply Bárbara Guerra July 4, 2019 at 1:40 am

    Brazilian here. Just saw Dilma and wantrd to say I miss her.

  • Reply The History Army! July 5, 2019 at 1:27 am

    Its benn 6 years……:(

  • Reply shax nom July 9, 2019 at 6:44 pm

    Who has dealt with the fact that our planet will soon be destoyed by huge corporations and bottomless stomachs of modern society?

  • Reply shax nom July 9, 2019 at 6:46 pm

    About Mandela, he wasn't a hero, he was a terrorist

  • Reply Sam Darby July 11, 2019 at 4:30 pm

    Most watched these videos to pass the WHAP exam.
    I watched them to pass my teacher certification exam. And I passed with flying colors, thanks CC!

  • Reply Vance Biondo July 13, 2019 at 8:16 am

    All day ☝️👇 I ignore my ADD

  • Reply Vance Biondo July 13, 2019 at 8:19 am

    Hay..☝️ lead out on your speach

  • Reply Vance Biondo July 13, 2019 at 8:23 am

    Have you told anyone any youth WTH globalization is?? In the last 10 min??

  • Reply Vance Biondo July 13, 2019 at 8:24 am

    will the US as an ( INDEVIDUAL NATION ATAY ONE UNDER GLOBILIZATION??

  • Reply Vance Biondo July 13, 2019 at 8:25 am

    An trump ( being a rich elite) would be fine with this..even if we might LOSE OUR WHOLE NATION

  • Reply Vance Biondo July 13, 2019 at 8:25 am

    👌

  • Reply Vance Biondo July 13, 2019 at 8:26 am

    Integration WITH WORD TYRANTS IS NOR..A BETTER ANYTHING

  • Reply Vance Biondo July 13, 2019 at 8:27 am

    TO LSE OUR NQTION . IN A GLOBAL SNOWBALL.. NOT WORTH IT

  • Reply Luis Guilherme Eich July 13, 2019 at 10:33 pm

    I liked this video just because president Dilma is on it.

  • Reply Nardjarai Paunussa July 14, 2019 at 6:00 pm

    BAD

  • Reply Kaitlyn Gazzara July 15, 2019 at 1:59 am

    THANK YOU JOHN YOU ARE THE SOLE REASON I GOT A 5 ON MY AP EXAM I AM ETERNALLY GRATEFUL

  • Reply MPWalter July 21, 2019 at 1:43 pm

    Wow…..what an extremely well-done series (informative, enlightening and entertaining). Bravo!

  • Reply Craig Smith July 24, 2019 at 9:10 am

    Good or bad ? Sad to say this question has aged poorly

  • Reply Sarah HE. July 24, 2019 at 1:00 pm

    June 2019 was hottest ever. Emission of CO2 and other green house gases is really really a problem!!!

  • Reply Dravus Royce July 26, 2019 at 6:06 pm

    you never did a video on the Spanish inquisition so….

  • Reply Vaibhav Tripathi July 27, 2019 at 4:46 am

    Let me tell you the future, this is not your last episode of world history.
    Thank you so much crash course.

  • Reply Lailanie Gayorgor July 27, 2019 at 1:20 pm

    Hello! Can you give me an example of convergence and divergence in Globalization? Thanks

  • Reply syed zaid July 30, 2019 at 10:28 am

    10:35 looks like you haven't visited India.

  • Reply Julio Von Matterhorn July 31, 2019 at 4:02 am

    I love the way the cartoon camels walk. I really do.

  • Reply Smokey Doke August 2, 2019 at 2:18 am

    Globalist anti-American propaganda! Seeing how many current college students are watching this for help on the AP exams, explains perfectly how so many of this younger generation has become indoctrinated….SMH! You all have experienced force fed globalist corporatist brainwashing. Good luck in the real world!

  • Reply shax nom August 5, 2019 at 7:52 am

    Globalizatiin – We live well, our children will kill each other for a glass of water.

    Congratulations Humanity, eat as much as you can

  • Reply Nick Walker August 7, 2019 at 3:53 am

    Episode 43 was going to reveal the answer to everything. go figure.

  • Reply Nick Zardiashvili August 7, 2019 at 12:27 pm

    Watched the last one… So… Now what?

  • Reply nathooooooon August 9, 2019 at 3:55 am

    Watching in 2019, can't help but notice that both Castro and Chavez are dead.

  • Reply Tonya Douce August 9, 2019 at 2:36 pm

    who is watching for fun

  • Reply Game Master August 10, 2019 at 3:17 pm

    Future phrase of the week: That could’ve gone better

  • Reply Lindy Jane August 13, 2019 at 12:50 am

    Who's here because of the up coming exam?😂

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