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Bison – Farm To Fork Wyoming

September 12, 2019

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Thank you. (gentle music) – [Narrator] In Wyoming’s
harsh open landscape there’s a survivor
from a wild past. – This is the country
that bison evolved with so they know how
to deal with it, not just the types of grasses
and forbs that grow here but also the weather, the
environment that comes with it. – [Narrator] Pushed
off the land and driven to near extinction,
this keystone species is making a comeback. – [Jason] The last
buffalo or bison taken from anywhere near
this reservation was 131 years ago. (singing in a foreign language) ♪ You have served us well (singing in a foreign language) – And, now we’re
finally able to kind of put things right again. (somber music) – [Narrator] For
ranchers, bison present a new path forward, a means
to restore prairie ecologies while regenerating their
agricultural way of life. – The whole thing, it’s
a web that is connected and the animals play
a huge role here in this environment, you know,
the till that went through with the bison as they
grazed it, dunged on it, urinated on it,
trampled it, et cetera. – The resurgence that
we’re seeing today came about not
because of, you know, altruistic conservation efforts, although they certainly
played an important part, but primarily because of
the free market economy. – There’s a wide variety
of people who show interest in our products, people who call because they have heart
issues, cholesterol issues, diet issues, their doctors
told them they need to eat red meat that’s
really low in fat, you know, the Paleo crowd
who is very interested in a specific type of eating,
all of those people combined are driving this market forward
because it’s a healthier, more ecologically sustainable,
and more natural animal for this environment. – The sustainability aspect of
it is really important to us. And, then also the nutrition. – It’s important for people
to begin eating it again. What I’m hesitant about
is the commodification of buffalo as it
becoming another cow. (gentle music) – [Narrator] Bison, on
this Farm to Fork Wyoming. Funding for Farm to
Fork Wyoming is provided by Wyoming Community Bank, your
locally owned community bank in Riverton and
Lander and on the web at And, by viewers like you. Thank you. (ethereal flute music) – [Jason] The buffalo is
probably the most important because it was seen as
a gift from the creator not only Shoshone and Arapaho
people, but other tribes recognized this animal as
being central to who we are as a people. We wouldn’t be here
without that buffalo. – [Narrator] Prior to
European expansion, the bison sustained
a vast population of North American tribes. – [Jason] There were 30
to 60 million buffalo here that would’ve been
interspersed with elk and deer and antelope and wolves and
bears and other predator species that were highly dependent
on this keystone species. It was life’s commissary. It was a life-giving being
in that it provided food, clothing, shelter,
tools to our people and other Native
American tribes. The buffalo, because of
its size was primarily the best one for making
teepees or lodges. It would take 14 to 16
hides to make one teepee, so if you had a large
community, imagine the amount of buffalo that it would’ve
taken to just make the lodges. But, also because of
their thick hair and fur, was extremely insulative. – Back in the 1850s and
1860s, I mean this is still Little Ice Age, how did
those guys deal with the plains environment
when the temperature was 40, 50 below and they’re
out in the middle of nowhere? – [Jason] One buffalo hide
would be able to keep you warm in a winter. – [Michael] Full length buffalo
coat and you will be toasty. – [Jason] We have,
we’ve tried it and they’re extremely important for being able to
survive in the cold. – [Narrator] Bison ranchers
today have come to admire the toughness of these animals. – The weather is something
that they can handle no matter how it comes,
blazing heat, blizzards, and they face into the wind. The big one in ’84 was four
days and we couldn’t get to ’em for four days. By the time we got out to
’em, they had broken up into small groups, they were
grazing up on the hilltops where the snow had blown off. They were right smack in
the middle of calving. There was probably
500 baby calves on the ground at the time. We think they stopped
calving during the blizzard. We never found a dead calf. Our fences were lined
with dead cattle and sheep from the neighbors. – They hadn’t drifted
with the storm. It’s because these
animals have seven times the amount of hair per square
inch that a beef cow has and seven kinds
of different hair. But, in the wintertime,
they also go into a sort of hibernation. So, when the temperature,
when you hit that deep cold, then the bison essentially shut
down their metabolic systems and they don’t need to
burn nearly as many kcals to stay warm as a beef cow
does in the same temperature. (somber music) – [Narrator] Despite their
dominance through the millennia, bison and the tribes were
no match for the invasion of European bullets and disease. – [Jason] When Lewis and
Clark got here in 1804, it only took 100 years
for them to be reduced to less than 1,000 animals. – We talk about what
happened to the bison in the late 19th
century and in 1874, there were four million
to 4.5 million bison in the great northern herd. So, we’re talking about the
bison in Wyoming, Montana, the Dakotas, Idaho, the
great northern herd. And, by 1883, nine years, there were 20,000 bison left. 25,000 bison left. And, yet we know that
good healthy bison, if you’ve got four
million healthy bison, they’re gonna have about
800,000 calves a year. The kill that can be documented
by the federal government, never exceeded 840,000
animals a year. So, the bison were basically replacing themselves every year. – You could simply not have
shot that many animals. And, we have historical accounts from people like Charlie
Goodnight and Yellowstone Kelly talking about in the 1860s
coming onto the plains along the shores of
the Yellowstone River and along the Little
Colorado in Texas, where there are so
many dead bison, Charlie Goodnight said it
looked like a pumpkin field with all the dead bison. Now, the interesting thing is
this is exactly the same time in late Plains history when
Texas cattle were being pushed north into Montana. And, we know that they were
carrying splenic fever with them which has an 80% mortality rate. So, the whole point of this
is is that most of the bison die off was probably as
a result of epizootics, diseases which were introduced
from European livestock into these herds which were
not susceptible at the time. – [Kathleen] So, you’ve got
around 350,000 human beings and maybe 10 million stock
animals coming across the overland trails and
the bison were introduced to anthrax to malignant
catarrhal fever, the Texas tick fever, and
a host of other things that they did not
have any immunity to, they were European diseases. It literally divided
the great northern herd from the southern herds. – So, in essence, the
animals that we have today, our modern bison are
really the survivors, the ones who had those
genetics to allow them to make it through this. (flute music) – [Narrator] In the aftermath,
ranchers began rounding up small, isolated bands of bison. – You had five fundamental
ranchers who went out and gathered up the last bison. Walking Coyote in Montana,
the Goodnights in Texas, and several others. – There was also cattle genes
introgression brought in. – [Narrator] In captivity, some
bison were bred with cattle. Other than the catalo, more
commonly known as beefalo, those efforts met with
little commercial success, but some of the offspring were bred back into
the bison herds. – So, 90% of the
bison that we have in the United States today
have cattle gene introgression. When these buffalo were reduced
from 30 to 60 million bison and there were less
than 1,000 animals left, there were less than
100 left in Yellowstone, there was about five
individuals who recognized that the buffalo were
gonna go extinct. So, William Hornaday
and Theodore Roosevelt started the American
Bison Society. Some animals were
taken to the Bronx Zoo, others to other
states to establish these satellite populations. Those have become areas
of genetic importance because those are the
genetically pure bison that exist today. – So, we are coming out
of the hole where bison were almost extinct
in North America. And, it really started
to pick up, let me see, in 1960 I believe it was,
there were 20,000 bison in conservation herds
in North America and there were about 20,000
bison in private herds in North America. Now, there are about 30,000
bison in conservation herds in North America and there
are around 400,000 bison in private herds. (upbeat music) – [Narrator] Over the past 50
years, the Flocchini family has built the biggest
herd in Wyoming. – It was in 1965, and
there was around 500 bison on the ranch, most of
which had come right out of Yellowstone National Park. Unfortunately about 40%
of ’em had brucellosis. – [Narrator] Brucellosis
was brought to the New World by European livestock. Once widespread in cattle, it
has been virtually eradicated since the 1990s. – There are two herds
of bison in the world who have brucellosis or
what’s called Bang’s endemic. One is owned by the
Canadian government at Wood Bison Provincial
Park and the other’s owned by the United States government in Yellowstone National Park. As of this filming, there is no private or state conservation herd anywhere
that has brucellosis endemic in the population. As an industry it was
wiped out among bison 15 years ago. And, periodically we’ll get
some kind of an outbreak. It’s generally caused by elk. – We got down to about 350
animals and from that point on we started building the
herd mostly internally. We built up to nearly
4,000 animals at one time. And, through a series of
about eight years of drought we learned that we needed
to reduce our stock numbers. – [Narrator] Today, the
Durham Ranch is known for its sustainable
ranching practices and being a leader in
the bison industry. – [John] For the last several
years we’ve been running around 1200 breeding age
females on the ranch. And, it’s been a good
comfortable number for us. (gentle music) – [Narrator] Bison seem the
perfect fit for ranchers looking for solutions
rooted in nature. – The herd right now is
somewhere between five and 600 with the calves. We won’t know exactly
how many we have until we round them up
later in February or March. We spread that over, those
animals are over 2,000 acres. We were looking animals
that would do well in this ecosystem. So, it’s more than
just the bison here that we’re trying to manage. It’s all the other
wildlife, it’s the soil, it’s, you know, everything
that comes together. So, it’s more than just
the bison on the land. – [Jason] We know that
if you put buffalo back that they increase
biodiversity not only in plants but birds and insects
and other species. – Some of this stuff is
kinda like Field of Dreams. If you build it they will come. I mean, the seed bank is in
the soil and it’s waiting for the right conditions
to express itself. – Our diversity of
grasses has increased. The number of woody
plants has decreased. The nutrient value of our
grasses has increased. We test our grasses
routinely about twice a year. The nesting birds out here, the number of nesting
birds has increased. So, you see, well-managed bison, they’re good for
the environment. They really are. – We do range monitoring. So, we’ve go 27 different
transects across the ranch and so we can monitor
our plant species that are coming up,
grasses, forbs, brushes. We monitor what
our basal cover is. We monitor how much
bare ground we have. And, so we’ve got
measurable results if what we’re doing is
improving or declining something and if there’s areas we maybe
need to hit differently. – If you manage your bison
the same way that would manage your cattle herd,
they will overgraze. But, if you take bison
and you allow them to move in the natural way
that they move, they cover a far
broader range of area. – [Pat] And, that’s what
we’re trying to manage. We’re trying to mimic to
some degree what it was like historically with the bison
running three, 400 years ago in large groups,
moving constantly. – [Kathleen] Bison, their
grazing really does shift so that, for example, in
September they will move to C3 grasses which
we would consider the cool season grasses. For the most part they’re
standing dead in September, but they’ve still got
the green at the bottom. So, their protein content
has dropped dramatically, but the bison are still
getting an incredible amount of nutrients out
of that C3 grass. – [Jason] They can adjust their
metabolism at certain times of the year to be
able to digest plants that aren’t as nutritious. – [Michael] The
molars in a bison jaw have twice the occlusive
surface that a beef cow’s which means twice
the grinding surface. And, that food bolus travels
more slowly through the system so they get more out of it. – They eat a lot of things
that a beef cow won’t eat just because they spent
200,000 years evolving with the native plants
in North America. – This is all yucca. When we bought this
ranch 25 years ago, we probably had 60
to 80 acres of yucca. And, the bison have pretty
much extirpated most of it, but this damage here
was all caused by bison especially in the
wintertime they use yucca as a grazing resource. So, bison do significantly
change the land just as far as the way that
they use the resources. ‘Cause with the yucca gone, that means that more
threadleaf sedge, we have some needle
and thread here, some western wheat
grass over there. So, all of this resource
that was in yucca and some of the juniper
is now being turned back into grassland again. (gentle music) – So, there’s an argument
that cattle replaced the ecological role of bison and that’s just not true. Bison are well-adapted to many of the ecological niches throughout the Americas. They were very adaptable
to the conditions. They are top grazers rather
than removing the whole plant. – Cattle can flair their
lips to use their teeth to eat down to the dirt
and bison cannot do that. So, you’ve always got a
little bit of grass left which is a nutrient provider
for the roots of those plants. – So, they eat the
top and move on. Buffalo have a unique
wallowing behavior that is pretty significant
in that they create these micro-depressions in
their dust bathing behavior that’s important for
water accumulation. – [Kathleen] We can see
it here in a microcosm on our own ranch. So, they create all these
wonderful little ponds that during spring
runoff or any time you have precipitation,
become little water holes. – Holding that water means
that the surrounding grasses that the root systems
have access to that. And, so when you go and look
at it in the springtime, you’ll notice that the grass
around the buffalo wallows tends to be three or
four inches taller than it is in the
rest of the pasture. – And, it supports
toads and salamanders and a variety of species nest
around the buffalo wallows. So, they become their
own little habitat. – And, so there’s kind of
(upbeat music) a marriage between conservation
and entrepreneurship in raising the animals. It’s yes, you’re very
in love with the species and so you wanna
protect the species. But, at the same time,
this is a resource and we’re utilizing
the resource to market that incredible species. – [Pat] In a way I feel really
proud in that I’m stewarding the landscape of North
America in my own small way simply by purchasing and
selling these bison products because it allows people
the economic availability to make a livelihood
out of raising bison. – [Narrator] As this industry
grows, it tries to avoid some of the pitfalls
of the cattle industry. – [John] This is the animal
mother nature designed. And, we don’t want an
animal that is reliant upon us and that we have to
vaccinate two times a year and all this stuff. – [Kathleen] We don’t use
subtherapeutic antibiotics. We don’t use hormones. And, first of all it was tried and it didn’t work with bison. Just like castrating a bison
does not cause the bulls to grow bigger. So, there are a lot things
that we do differently in the bison industry because
it’s better, we think, for the animals and
for the human health. – [Narrator] While
many smaller producers like the Gears and Prairie
Monarch, only feed their bison on grass, most of
the industry today has gone to grain finishing for the last three
to six months. – It’s under 10% of
the bison out there that is fully grass
fed and finished. – [Narrator] For many, the
idea of feeding bison grain is counter to the whole
idea of sustainability. – [Dylan] If we’re bringing
all these other feeds in, what is the overall footprint
of producing that steak at the end of the day? As we’re doing everything
on these 2,000 acres, you know, all of the inputs
are here and it’s just grass. – [Narrator] But, supplying
grass finished meat to the general
public has drawbacks that most consumers
don’t realize. – It’s not that easy (laughs). There’s a lot of art to it. There’s a lot of art to it
with just finishing period. – And, you really can
taste the difference between the animals that come from one piece of
land or another. – [Narrator] For many, the
flavor and texture can be gamey and challenging to cook. – [Dylan] Cooking a really
lean, entirely grass fed animal is a little bit more challenging
than cooking something that has that margin of
error built in so to speak because of the grain finishing. So, when you end up feeding
grain, it kind of homogenizes the flavor and every
animal tastes the same. – [Narrator] It takes years
to perfect pasture forage and grazing strategies
to get the mild flavors and texture that most expect. – [Dylan] What we have here
is with the legumes mixed in with the grass, I
believe it creates a really good flavor profile. – [Narrator] Because
of the cyclic nature of the grass finished diet,
harvesting these animals is typically limited to just
a few months out of the year. – The main objectives
of grain finishing is to have a consistent,
high-quality product available throughout the
year, 12 months of the year on a fresh basis. – We might not have seen
the consumer demand pick up had it not been for creating a consistent product year round. The grass fed, you know
we’ve got a few month window when we’ve got prime carcasses. It’s not like we can produce
those coming out of winter. – [Narrator] The Durham
Ranch recently added a feeding operation to better
manage their own finishing and reduce the
stress on the herd. – We’ve talked to other
producers that finish at home and have great success with it and don’t have problems that might be associated
with a traditional feed lot. The animals get free
choice alfalfa hay, free choice grass
hay, and free choice of the wheat midd-based
pellet that we feed as we don’t get into
the acidosis problems that you get into with finishing
like in a feed lot scenario with beef cattle. It’s a pretty cool diet
and it’s not a lot of corn. That’s a hot diet. And, so this is a pretty
mild mellow diet for ’em. – It’s a small proportion of
the time that they’re alive, but I do see both sides
of the argument there of why it’s advantageous
and I can also see why there are people and
producers who choose not to go that
route and make that one of their main
marketing strategies. (jazzy music) – [Narrator] Ideas
around bison restoration continue to evolve in
Indian country as well. – Cultural revitalization
is not mutually exclusive from economic or ecological
revitalization efforts. (Native American chanting music) All of it’s intertwined and
being able to restore buffalo, being able to bring
our language back, be able to pray and
practice our ceremonies in the way that
they’re intended for are all ways that we
can begin to rebuild and kind of heal
from the atrocities. (gentle flute music) A lot of tribes are torn between
what they can actually do. I think of Fort Peck
in Northern Montana. They’ve realized the economic
importance of buffalo to their economy. They established a
commercial herd of buffalo that have some level of
cattle gene introgression, but they use it as an
economic venture to sell tags, they market the meat, and
they feed their people with that meat. They also have
recognized the importance of maintenance of
the genetics, though. And getting Yellowstone
genetics and establishing a population with those
pure Yellowstone genetics has been an important step
for them to take as well. It’s incredibly
important that we create satellite populations of
genetically pure bison, certified disease-free
bison, but also bison that can exist under
natural regulating factors like climatic
conditions, predation, and actually just buffalo
being wild buffalo. And, so there’s very few
places that that can happen. Here at Wind River,
we have the land base to do that. We actually have more
habitat here at Wind River than what’s available
for bison in Yellowstone. We’ve been successful
at managing six of
the seven ungulates as well a predator
species that were here when Lewis and Clark arrived. We could potentially
manage them as wildlife under our game code. When we have the capability
to give this animal the greatest respect
it deserves and we, as Native people, honor
this animal in our songs and our stories, in our history, if we can’t do that by
managing them as wildlife, then we’re shorting ourselves
and we’re shorting our kids because we have that
capability to do it and we’re not yet. How do we shift from a
paradigm of treating a buffalo like a cow to that of
treating it like wildlife? And, that is a huge step
to take because nationally we don’t do that. – [Narrator] In Wyoming,
the greatest obstacle to managing bison as wildlife
is controlling brucellosis among free roaming populations. – Once you get that in your
herd, your herd is quarantined. I mean and then you
are under the thumb of the federal
government while they try to cleanse the herd. – Well, as a cattle
producer, I mean, that’s definitely worrisome
and getting quarantined, but we deal it with bison too if they’re a positive
herd you’re quarantined, so there’s concerns there but
I think it’s more political. – We didn’t want to jeopardize
the cattle industry. We recognize that there’s
a lot of tribal members that utilize cattle
for their livelihood. We didn’t wanna
jeopardize any of that. We know that cattle and
buffalo can exist together on the landscape without
a threat to one another. There’s never been a
documented case of a bison giving a cow brucellosis. There has been,
though, with elk. So, we have a disparity
between the science and the management when
it comes to how we manage buffalo versus elk. And, when it comes to
bringing buffalo back, it’s seen as a threat. (gentle music) It doesn’t have to be. Why aren’t buffalo
managed as wildlife outside of parks and refuges? All of the other
ungulate species are. But, we have yet to treat
buffalo like wildlife. – [Narrator] This program
was produced by Wyoming PBS which is solely responsible
for its content. Farm to Fork Wyoming
is available for $25. Order online at


  • Reply Baxxter101 December 22, 2018 at 3:29 am

    Friendly reminder, support PBS and NPR. You won't get this level of quality from Nat Geo…

  • Reply donna brooks December 28, 2018 at 8:57 pm

    Go Vegan. leave the animals alone. They are here with us not for us………………………………………………………………..

  • Reply MrAvailanetUSAcom December 29, 2018 at 4:08 am

    Check this out… for our futures. 🤠😇

  • Reply Marline Harrold December 29, 2018 at 9:22 pm

    Thanks a lot. <3

  • Reply Mark McAllister January 1, 2019 at 12:55 pm

    Wyoming looks super cool

  • Reply Ute J.k. Bemsel January 3, 2019 at 7:37 pm

    I like to sleep between two buffalo hides, warm and soft.

  • Reply Indus Valley Civilization January 4, 2019 at 4:01 am

    Beautiful animals in the world

  • Reply Torryn Erikson January 15, 2019 at 2:38 am

    Is this video about farming or is this about "white man bad", I cant tell?

  • Reply Vitas N January 15, 2019 at 5:46 am

  • Reply Lucky Luke January 17, 2019 at 4:54 am

    Bisons should be preserved as wildlife. That’s what they are!!

  • Reply Monty Townes January 23, 2019 at 12:36 am

    These are beef a low

  • Reply Kenneth Mark January 23, 2019 at 7:51 am

    at 13:36 interesting

  • Reply David Ainley January 24, 2019 at 6:48 pm

    2 minutes in and we are talking about the "free market economy" WOW!

  • Reply Steve Strickland January 25, 2019 at 11:17 pm

    15 to 20 bucks a pound..?. no thank you… i will stick to my 2$ lb hamburger

  • Reply WW Suwannee January 26, 2019 at 9:42 am

    The West has kind of this thing about identifying with the bison, mainly, I think, because it's the last part of the country with big open spaces left. It wasn't always this way. You could once find woodland buffalo in the East, but not in the extreme numbers of the prairie. The great eastern woodlands broke into savannah and long grass prairie about the longitude of Illinois. The Illinois State seal still features a buffalo above the words " The Prairie State". When I was a kid there, you could still find quite a lot of the old prairie in the corners of fields, around small woodlands and streams, and in some places acres of it. As a country boy growing up I spent a lot of time in it ( it's where I got most of my fishing bait:). The grass could get 6 feet tall and there were hundreds of species. Walk ten feet into the grass and it was like standing in a corn field, incredibly abundant. With the exception of bison, elk and puma ( which was before my time), all other species were represented there, not to mention hundreds of bird types. Unfortunatly the long grass prairie is almost extinct due to modern farming practices. There are still small protected areas scatted about, and if you ever get a chance to visit one, you will be amazed at what a third of North America used to look like before the plow. As a side note…there is a reason some of the largest pre Columbian cities in North America, were in Illinois.

  • Reply Purple Orchid January 26, 2019 at 11:53 pm

    God is a genius! !! He loved Indigenous natives….but it was white death that altered God's creation. Now this is evidence of what was God's true intent for indigenous future.

  • Reply Jake Day February 1, 2019 at 6:29 am


  • Reply Kristina Washington February 4, 2019 at 9:29 pm

    Truly enjoyed it. <3

  • Reply Tracy KaPoni February 9, 2019 at 10:17 pm

    These are the animals we are RIGHTEOUSLY suppose to eat! I WANT TO EAT CLEAN LORRRD!!!!! IN JESUS NAME…AMEN!!!

  • Reply Lavonia Duda February 13, 2019 at 2:32 am

    nice. Thanks heaps. <3

  • Reply lighten up February 15, 2019 at 5:38 pm

    Again, man's proclivity for romanticizing & deifying all of history. Buffalo's are cows. Period. Nothing more, nothing less. They were used as the times saw fit. If modern man wants to raise and harvest them as a food source, then so be it. They are not an entitlement to the native American's as they belong to whomever chooses & can afford to pay for them. Please stop with all the mysticism and cultural ties to people from hundreds of years ago.

  • Reply MyTwoCents February 17, 2019 at 12:15 am

    Life is simple. Live in harmony with nature, or be destroyed.

  • Reply Michael Begay February 19, 2019 at 6:00 am

    All Wildlife don't sleep or eat in their own manure like to domesticated animals

  • Reply Peggyt1243 February 22, 2019 at 7:21 pm

    I0:57 mark subtitles I am shocked that the Wyoming Public Broadcasting System would describe an aboriginal language as "foreign".

  • Reply Peggyt1243 February 22, 2019 at 7:26 pm

    4:15 mark is factually incorrect. The speaker talks of a time before the Europeans arrived and how much bison was available but the picture shows a man hunting on a horse. This cannot be as there were no horses until the Europeans brought them to the Americans.

  • Reply Dixie Frank February 25, 2019 at 4:35 am


  • Reply Dixie Frank February 25, 2019 at 10:08 am

    @Devon A. Let the Bison roam free but the people should be governed by totalitarian Democrats…

  • Reply Nasir Mehmood February 25, 2019 at 7:34 pm

    I love you Wyoming 🙂

  • Reply doug loudan March 1, 2019 at 5:20 pm

    bison is better then beef and i love a burger but bison is way better and healthier!

  • Reply Chris Hyatt March 2, 2019 at 1:03 am

    Craig Johnson and Walt Longmire brought me here…

  • Reply Nanette Rudolph March 3, 2019 at 9:38 pm

    If they become another cow? It's a food source and "Natives" don't own them. Your opinion isn't needed.

  • Reply Praveen Kumar March 6, 2019 at 4:49 am

    Bison meat.. Never wasted.. Ours is.

  • Reply tanzaniteblueeye March 8, 2019 at 1:26 pm

    Can anyone milk these beasts, i want bisonmilkkefir.

  • Reply SLRS March 13, 2019 at 2:06 am

    Awesome video. I would love to eat bison if only I could afford it….

  • Reply would rather be fishing March 13, 2019 at 3:56 am

    Why can't we treat buffalo as wildlife ?
    Why did you wear sweat pants during an interview ?

  • Reply Elizabeth Blane March 15, 2019 at 4:39 am

    " . . . came about because of a free-market economy." Imagine that, from PBS, none the less!

  • Reply dave sheets March 16, 2019 at 9:09 am

    Let them get well etablihed first. Do not exploit them before they are not in the thousands first

  • Reply Reinhard Geissler March 19, 2019 at 10:04 am

    It´s not good for Bison that you get into with finishing like in a feed lot, better the Bison live on Prärie and eating grass and herbs… Bison is no cattle.

  • Reply Reinhard Geissler March 19, 2019 at 10:24 am

    However, there is not a single documented case in which bison have transmitted brucellosis. Wapitis also carries the bacterium and cows several times a year, yet they are allowed to move and graze freely throughout the state. – Source: © 2019

  • Reply Deb Lawson March 21, 2019 at 5:04 am

    Thank you I so agree with your views on this animal. I would truely love to see a herd, running WILD a mile or more wide and as long as the eye could see and longer. I read about this in diaries and history books. What an amazing sight that must have been, extiction is one of the saddest waste of resorces and beauty, it's a crime! Thank you again

  • Reply Dan Elisha March 26, 2019 at 11:25 am

    they controlled the injuns by wiping out the bison

  • Reply Victor Mazzari March 28, 2019 at 11:46 pm

    Wow 👍🏻☹️glad that for once they mentioned that bison died off from disease rather than the evil white man shooting them🙄 I just learned something new ☹️👍🏻

  • Reply BJ Martin April 6, 2019 at 2:40 am

    Bison taste so much better than beef, what was the cowboys thinking, didn't they compare the two back then or was it just politics and race? Or also financial, they couldn't compete against free massive population of food?

  • Reply Victor Mazzari April 8, 2019 at 10:32 pm

    Because of the fact that bison were also in Europe, I don’t consider them to be an Indian animal, I just call it the woolly cow just like the woolly mammoth

  • Reply Joanne Ganon April 21, 2019 at 3:44 am

    I thank you for this beautiful information.
    Jo Jo in VT

  • Reply Joanne Ganon April 21, 2019 at 3:48 am

    Why do we only see it ground here in the Northeast?

  • Reply Buddy Smith April 29, 2019 at 10:30 am

    Okay, one very LARGE percentage of what the video left out… Buffalo are not domestic at all and will kill you before your heart stops beating! They can out run and turn faster than your horse. A Buffalo Bull can and will kill you if you approach them, I was amused by the camera angles used in the video because the distances were much greater than the angles portrayed.
    BTW I have ate my weight in Buffalo many times over, I wear Buffalo hide chinks and the skull from where that Buffalo hide came from, hangs in my livingroom.

  • Reply Betterworld ok May 2, 2019 at 12:59 am

    I hope there will be more ranchers to breed this native American animals. Good luck

  • Reply shahin May 11, 2019 at 11:47 pm

    So where is the fork part??

  • Reply George Tanner May 19, 2019 at 9:41 pm

    A great of source of meat from God with us not interfering with our ideas.

  • Reply Delicious DeBlair May 30, 2019 at 8:47 am

    Yahweh provided this nation with teeming millions of perfect animals for the children of Israel and the people of America but stupid Israelite Americans came along and mindlessly and brutally destroyed them wholesale out of arrogance and it was really so destructive to not only the environment, but it was destructive on the American peoples and a cheating of the Israelite people themselves who stupidly developed a taste for pale, fatty meat [european cattle].

  • Reply Steve P June 13, 2019 at 4:48 pm

    Ground bison in chili is awesome!

  • Reply Don Duncan June 13, 2019 at 6:14 pm

    What saved the bison? Not the govt. Not a "public interest group" (conserationists). Not an animal rights group. It was the free market, i.e., capitalism, that brought back the bison. What endangered the bison? "The Tragedy of the Commons", i.e., pubic ownership, the so-called public property concept. When "everybody" owns something, no one conserves it, no one benefits long term, and the resource is quickly exploited into oblivion. Capitalism converted the USA from a 3rd world nation into the richest nation in the world in one century. It could do it everywhere.

  • Reply Don Duncan June 13, 2019 at 6:57 pm

    When I eat meat it's all grass-fed because it's much healthier. The same with pastured dairy and eggs. Conventionally produced food benefits (increases profit) at the expense of nutrition, safety, and taste. People consume conventional out of ignorance. An informed customer will kill the conventional market someday if the convention product doesn't kill them first. I don't blame the conventional farmer for wanting to profit, I blame the unconscious consumer. Life is to be lived consciously. Be curious, be diligent, be thinking, because knowledge is power to protect yourself. Don't assume the govt. or anyone else will protect you. That assumption is lazy and stupid because the more you learn, the more you understand that ignorance makes you a victim.

  • Reply Robert King June 15, 2019 at 6:55 am

    Why put the text on screen ? It is annoying.

  • Reply servicarrider June 16, 2019 at 12:06 pm

    Bison makes the most delicious meal. I simply love it.

  • Reply Order11110 June 16, 2019 at 8:53 pm

    Texas Ranchers worst competition was BUFFALO.

  • Reply oldladywhocares June 16, 2019 at 10:12 pm

    The people here used every bit of the beast. White Europeans forgot this knowledge 15000 years ago. It is important to remind people that we may need these old food sources as weather conditions change. Thanks for presenting this story.

  • Reply oldladywhocares June 16, 2019 at 10:19 pm

    Bison were destroyed to destroy the Indians. The political attitude of the time was "The only good Indian is a dead Indian." The ancient cattle ancestors are mostly extinct. Scotch Highlanders have some of these traits but their ancestry is European,

  • Reply oldladywhocares June 16, 2019 at 10:20 pm

    I am curious as to how these ranchers have developed bison which will stay in fences.

  • Reply Steve Blanck June 17, 2019 at 11:40 pm

    I guess the first thing we need to do is call them Bison. Then we need to control the herds. Then we can have hunts just like we do for Deer and Elk.

  • Reply Bighorn44 None June 18, 2019 at 1:57 am

    You folks are in la la land. Bunch of Wacoism. All the right Buzz words.

  • Reply Willaim R. Kirkland June 18, 2019 at 2:34 pm

    As an old, fat Southern white man, I really enjoy the West with all it's native animals.  (Yes, I know the East had Bison also – once upon a time). However, Now, Bison is West to me.  Thanks for the video.

  • Reply Miss Katness June 20, 2019 at 12:43 am

    I wish this was how we managed cattle and all animals, we use for consumption. I'm not a vegan or vegetarian. But, I think consumers need to change their meat eating habits. I'm not going to suggest boycotting fast food. Because they provide jobs. But, I believe we should reduce how often we eat at fast food and chain restaurants. The next step is for local stores to sell locally produced meats. My fiance and I made a choice a while back, to buy all our meats from a small local store in our town. It''s a small store. But, it is quality meat, that's raised less then 2hrs drive from where we live. So, we know the families who raise the cattle and we know the local people who work at the market.

    I believe the biggest factor is young people are intimidated by cooking. Let's be fare though. Many people have been intimidated by cooking. Many just didn't have anyone to show them. What young people today need, are simple recipes and they need it in away that interest them. It also has to appeal to their budget. You may not know this. But, two gaming companies put out cook books with in the last two years. Suddenly, I am watching young men and women, trying out recipes and cooking for their families. People resist when you preach them down. They are motivated when it is interesting, approachable, they see their peers doing it and it is fun.

  • Reply David Bennett June 20, 2019 at 8:33 pm

    Doctors are full of shit because they eat vegetsbles. Animal Fat is essential for optimal human health. Low fat is inherently unhealthy. The indigenous horse people of the Great Plains thrived on the fat and meat from the Bison. They did not bother eating plants.

  • Reply Michael Griffis June 21, 2019 at 1:12 am

    We should treat the Bison like we do the Bald Eagle. There is absolutely no reason why we should be eating this beautiful creature. The indian nation should be putting a stop to this madness.

  • Reply quercus June 21, 2019 at 7:45 pm

    Get rid of the wild horses which were brought here and replace them with buffalo.

  • Reply mattlocation June 22, 2019 at 2:38 am

    Not only do bison have cattle genes, but they also have European bison genes. That’s how small the herds got, they had to incorporate that exotic variety to “stretch” the stock.

  • Reply Beerrunner81 June 22, 2019 at 5:48 am

    Bison, wolves, bears all are native to the prairies. Man tried to get rid of them. We need them. I'm White and would love to see the land get back to normal. Cattle don't belong here, bison do. But now with cars and all the movement would need to be managed. Around Banff they have bridges that the animals can use to cross the road safely.

  • Reply Max Designs June 23, 2019 at 8:25 pm

    Grass fed, and increasing feeding capacity of the land?
    You can do it, use PermaCulture, Joel Salatin, Holistic Grazing….

  • Reply Kevin Schmidt June 27, 2019 at 12:33 am

    I would expect there were many prairie chickens etc. way back then scratching & eating potential pests

  • Reply Mogroka K June 28, 2019 at 9:09 am

    I just laugh whenever I hear a Indian American talk about Bison and how the "Whites" killed them. In fact the extinction of Bison was caused and well under its way by the Indian Americans. The reason to this was their primitive way of hunting. AKA chasing the herd off a cliff. Guns/Horses allowed the Natives + Whites to hunt the Bison more sustainable

  • Reply Manus Bothma July 3, 2019 at 5:40 pm

    stop with the music in the background when people talk it is annoying

  • Reply John Smith July 3, 2019 at 10:01 pm

    I would love to see buffalo replacing cattle as our primary red meat source in the super market. I don't see it much where I live though.

  • Reply The Most Interesting Man On Youtube July 5, 2019 at 12:15 pm

    How does Bison milk taste ??

  • Reply Chet July 6, 2019 at 12:19 am

    I'd rather eat Bison. They are a lot more healthier for you than beef.

  • Reply Chet July 6, 2019 at 12:39 am

    I'd ban beef in the US and only allow bison for commercial sale.

  • Reply De Cnijf Kris July 7, 2019 at 4:28 pm

    see also Belgian Orchimont Bison ecological farm in cooperation with the Bison Center in Billings Montana USA

  • Reply oyinbo peppe July 10, 2019 at 12:39 pm

    Cows are forest animals, Bison are grassland animals, I hav never understood why Americans never farmed bison instead of cows?

  • Reply Jack Hemphill July 22, 2019 at 11:49 am

    I live right across the street from caddie herds, here in Hereford, AZ.. I don't eat stake much, But I do eat buggers about 4 times monthly. Not everyone can live on salads and veggies only…

  • Reply Andy July 26, 2019 at 7:22 pm

    I would love to raise Bison!

  • Reply jds hempfarm July 28, 2019 at 2:16 pm

    Please remember that the Sasquatch were here before the Indian. They are partly responsible for the extinction of the Bison/Buffalo.

  • Reply Candy Piggy August 2, 2019 at 2:01 am


  • Reply Hans Nendels August 4, 2019 at 3:18 pm

    Why do they call indian singing "singing in a foreign language"?

  • Reply Tlahuicole XIII August 7, 2019 at 6:19 pm

    Wait…. But wagyu?

  • Reply Slipshank D August 8, 2019 at 3:20 pm

    Bison or cows all the same. lol

  • Reply Colin Richey August 9, 2019 at 3:22 am

    i agree lets treat buffalo like wild life not like cows. I am an avid hunter and i believe in conservation. We need to preserve wilderness for generations to come.

  • Reply ANDADOLAGER August 13, 2019 at 6:13 am

    Monday, August 12, 2019. I have seen the whole video and I loved it. I love those majestic animals that almost were exterminated during the past 2 centuries. But now I hope that these animals will regain back their place in what they used to roam around by the millions. Thanks to the persons that made possible this wonderful video. Thanks again!!!

  • Reply Kaiser Frost August 15, 2019 at 2:51 am

    I like buffalo better than beef. I wish we could restore the grasslands of the midwest and intermountain west, and put bison, elk, cattle and horses back where they belong. We could truly nourish the world instead of growing corn and soy which are empty calories to humans anyway.

  • Reply geronimo957 August 16, 2019 at 9:49 pm

    Finally,white "Amuricans" are coming to their senses!!Nice to see!!
    Regards from British Columbia(not that we are any Better,just saying!)

  • Reply geronimo957 August 16, 2019 at 10:14 pm

    And to say,Thank You for my Native Brothers!!Even thou i am "White asshole" I do recognize the fight!!
    Keep the fight alive,sooner,than later You WILL WIN.Mark my words!!

  • Reply jack Pollock August 22, 2019 at 10:35 pm

    a bison almost killed me

  • Reply Steven Davies August 24, 2019 at 2:17 am

    The Creator will restore the mighty buffalo to the place where it was, alive and free, Isaiah 11:7 The cow and the bear will feed together, And their young will lie down together.

  • Reply Paul Hardrick August 26, 2019 at 12:56 am

    Thie Guy Doesn't Have Aborigines Skin Nor Color. But The Bisons Are Actually Real.

  • Reply TheDaikashido August 26, 2019 at 7:06 am

    having bison meatballs right now: garlic, shitake, parsley, pecorino romano and smoked paprika – a takeoff of Clean & Delicious

  • Reply David Ferguson August 28, 2019 at 11:56 am

    This is why Australia should farm kangaroos…hundreds of thousands shot each year for pet food or export, a very small percentage eaten locally. They should be farmed not non native cattle or sheep.

  • Reply Cana box September 2, 2019 at 4:10 pm

    It is so expensive! Same with Elk! Why? because they can?

  • Reply kamaroway günther September 5, 2019 at 6:47 pm

    Biso Farm

  • Reply sean mccory September 5, 2019 at 9:09 pm

    Too many people talking. I want to see more animal. First butthurt comment. I have many more. 🤩🤣😂🤔😜😝

  • Reply Paul Curtis September 11, 2019 at 5:46 pm

    I personally feel a connection to bison, can't explain it, but I do. I would love to see their numbers return to the 40-60M bison.

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